Pío del Pilar

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Pío Isidro y Castañeda
Pío del Pilar.jpg
del Pilar in 1898.
Nickname(s) "Pang-Una"
Born (1860-07-11)July 11, 1860
San Pedro de Macati, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died June 21, 1931(1931-06-21) (aged 70)
Morong, Rizal, Philippines
Allegiance  First Philippine Republic
Flag of the Tagalog people.svg Republic of Biak-na-Bato
Philippine revolution flag kkk1.svg Katipunan (Matagumpay)
Service/branch Philippine Army Seal 1897.jpgPhilippine Revolutionary Army
Years of service 1896–1901
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars

Philippine Revolution

Philippine-American War

Flag of Pío del Pilar's Katipunan chapter
Pio del Pilar's tomb is located at the Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolución (Mausoleum of the Revolutionary Veterans) in the Manila North Cemetery.

Pío del Pilar (July 11, 1860 – June 21, 1931) was a revolutionary general of the Philippines. He was born as Pío Isidro y Castañeda. To safeguard his family and prevent them from harassment, he changed his surname to del Pilar. He was born in Barrio Culi-culi (now Pio del Pilar), San Pedro de Macati (present-day Makati) on 11 July 1860.

In May 1896, he joined the Katipunan and formed a chapter called Matagumpay (Triumphant), taking the symbolic name Pang-una (Leader). He was, however, arrested by the Spanish authorities who tried to force him to reveal the roster of the Katipunan.

He designed a war flag for his chapter, a blood-red flag with a white triangle with the letter "K" in each angle, and in the middle, a half sun with seven rays.

He led a group of rebels in the Battle of Binakayan on November 9, 1896, capturing the town from Spanish authorities.

His last battle was with the Americans, in the town of Morong. He fought bravely but he and his men were defeated and captured.

He died on 21 June 1931 at the age of 70 due to lingering illness.

Role in Philippine Revolution[edit]

A General and one of the closest officers of the Supremo of Katipunan, Andrés Bonifacio. Bonifacio went to Cavite to mediate with Magdiwang and Magdalo faction that become the Tejeros Convention then that Naic Military Agreement created by Bonifacio that declares the nullity of the Tejeros Convention wherein he was also one of the signatories.

In time, he changed side, becoming one of Emilio Aguinaldo's trusted generals. It was del Pilar (along with Gen. Mariano Noriel including Gen. Artemio Ricarte) that advised Aguinaldo to change the commutation (banishment) to execution of Andrés and Procopio Bonifacio.

During the Philippine–American War, he was captured but never swore allegiance to the American flag and was exiled to Guam. He continued to fight for the cause of the Filipino people by supporting the Jones Bill for Filipinos' preparation for self governance.

In popular culture[edit]

  • Portrayed by Ian Palma in the 2010 film, Ang Paglilitis ni Andres Bonifacio.
  • Portrayed by Emilio Garcia in the 2012 film, El Presidente.