Pioneer (locomotive)

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Pioneer
Pioneer CNW 4-2-0.jpg
Pioneer c. 1898
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Baldwin Locomotive Works
Build date 1837
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 4-2-0
Career
Operators Utica and Schenectady Railroad (U&S),
Michigan Central Railroad (MC),
Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU),
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q)
Official name Alert (U&S),
Pioneer (G&CU)
Disposition locomotive on static display at the Chicago History Museum, tender stored in Villa Park, Illinois

Pioneer is the name of the first railroad locomotive to operate in Chicago, Illinois. It was built in 1837 by Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Utica and Schenectady Railroad (U&S) in New York, then purchased used by William B. Ogden for the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU, the oldest predecessor of Chicago and North Western Railway). The locomotive arrived in Chicago by schooner on October 10, 1848, and it pulled the first train westbound out of the city on October 25, 1848.

History[edit]

When the locomotive was built by Baldwin #184 in 1837 for the U&S which gave it the name Alert. It worked almost a decade before it was sold in 1848 to the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad. The G&CU renamed the locomotive Pioneer and used it in the construction of the G&CU until 1850, at which time the locomotive was loaned to the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad for work laying the first track in Chicago that summer. The Pioneer was returned and became its road work locomotive until it was retired in 1875 at West Chicago, IL [1]

Pioneer on display at the Chicago History Museum

The locomotive has been preserved and is on display at the Chicago History Museum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chicago North Western Historical Society