PipeWire

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PipeWire
Original author(s)Wim Taymans
Initial release20 June 2017; 5 years ago (2017-06-20)
Stable release
0.3.64[1] / 12 January 2023
Preview release
0.3.65[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 26 January 2023; 9 days ago (26 January 2023)
Repositorygitlab.freedesktop.org/pipewire/pipewire
Written inC
Operating systemLinux, FreeBSD
LicenseMIT License
Websitepipewire.org

PipeWire is a server for handling audio, video streams, and hardware on Linux.[3][4][5] It was created by Wim Taymans at Red Hat.[6][7] It handles multimedia routing and pipeline processing.[8]

History[edit]

In 2015, Taymans started work on PipeWire. It was based on ideas from a couple of projects, including one called PulseVideo by William Manley.[9][10][11][12] According to Red Hat's Christian Schaller, it drew many of its ideas from an early PulseVideo prototype by Manley and builds upon some of the code that was merged into GStreamer due to that effort.[6] A goal was to improve handling of video on Linux the same way PulseAudio improved handling of audio.[3]

Although a separate project from PulseAudio, Taymans initially considered using the name "PulseVideo" for the new project.[3] By June 2015, the name Pinos was being used after a city where Taymans used to live, Pinos de Alhaurin in Spain.[6]

Initially, Pinos only handled video streams. By early 2017, Taymans had started working on integrating audio streams. He wanted the project to support both consumer and professional audio use cases. For advice on professional audio implementation he consulted Paul Davis and Robin Gareus. At this time the name PipeWire was adopted for the project.[9]

In November 2018, PipeWire was re-licensed from the LGPL to the MIT License.[13][14]

In April 2021, Fedora Linux 34 became the first Linux distribution to ship PipeWire for audio by default.[15][16][17] A year later, Pop! OS adopted it as the default audio server in version 22.04.[18] It was made the default audio server in Ubuntu beginning with version 22.10.[19]

Features[edit]

The project aims include:

Reception[edit]

PipeWire has received much praise, especially among the GNOME and Arch Linux[23][24] communities. Particularly as it fixes problems that some PulseAudio users had experienced, including high CPU usage,[25] Bluetooth connection issues,[26][27] and JACK backend issues.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""PipeWire 0.3.64"".
  2. ^ "0.3.65". 26 January 2023. Retrieved 26 January 2023.
  3. ^ a b c Schaller, Christian (2017-09-19). "Launching Pipewire!". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  4. ^ a b Lerch, Ryan (2017-09-20). "Improved multimedia support with Pipewire in Fedora 27". Fedora Magazine. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  5. ^ a b c Sneddon, Joey (2017-09-21). "PipeWire aims to do for video what PulseAudio did for sound". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  6. ^ a b c Schaller, Christian (2015-06-30). "Fedora Workstation next steps : Introducing Pinos". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  7. ^ Waymans, Tim (November 25–27, 2020). "PipeWire: a low-level multimedia subsystem". Proceedings of the 18th Linux Audio Conference (LAC-20). SCRIME, University of Bordeaux.
  8. ^ a b Raghavan, Arun (2018-10-31). "Update from the PipeWire hackfest". Arun Raghavan. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  9. ^ a b "PipeWire: the new audio and video daemon in Fedora Linux 34". Fedora Magazine. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
  10. ^ Manley, William (2021-09-14), PulseVideo, retrieved 2021-10-16
  11. ^ Schaller, Christian (2015-07-01). "Comment on: How is this project related to PulseVideo?". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  12. ^ Willis, Nathan (2015-10-21). "3D video and device mediation with GStreamer". LWN.new. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  13. ^ a b Larabel, Michael (2019-02-03). "PipeWire Should Be One Of The Exciting Linux Desktop Technologies For 2019". Phoronix. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  14. ^ "Relicense as MIT/X11". PipeWire Git repository in GitHub. 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2019-10-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Releases/34/ChangeSet - Fedora Project Wiki". fedoraproject.org. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  16. ^ "What's new in Fedora Workstation 34". Fedora Magazine. 2021-04-27. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  17. ^ "What's New in Fedora 34? 8 Reasons to Upgrade or Switch". MUO. 2021-04-04. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  18. ^ Nestor, Marius (2022-04-25). "Pop!_OS 22.04 Launches Based on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, Powered by Linux 5.16 and PipeWire". 9to5Linux. Retrieved 2022-09-23.
  19. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2022-05-22). "Ubuntu 22.10 Makes PipeWire Default for Audio". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2022-09-23.
  20. ^ a b Kaskinen, Tanu (2018-11-12). "PipeWire Hackfest 2018 in Edinburgh". Tanu's Blog. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  21. ^ a b Schaller, Christian (2018-01-26). "An update on Pipewire – the multimedia revolution". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  22. ^ Larabel, Michael (2018-10-30). "PipeWire Is Still On Track For One Day Being A Drop-In Replacement To PulseAudio". Phoronix. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  23. ^ "Pulseaudio no more". Arch Linux Sub-Reddit. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  24. ^ "pipewire-pulse 0.3.16-4 in testing now replaces pulseaudio!". Arch Linux Subreddit. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  25. ^ "PulseAudio High CPU Usage". Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  26. ^ "Cannot connect to bluetooth audio device using pulseaudio". Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  27. ^ "Headset delivers bad audio quality and low microphone volume in HSP/HFP mode (bluetooth)". PulseAudio GitLab. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  28. ^ "PipeWire FAQ". PipeWire GitLab. Retrieved 6 January 2021.

External links[edit]