PipeWire

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PipeWire
Pipewire logo.svg
PipeWire 0.3.33 screenshot.png
Original author(s)Wim Taymans
Stable release
0.3.40[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 11 November 2021; 8 days ago (11 November 2021)
Repositorygitlab.freedesktop.org/pipewire/pipewire
Written inC
Operating systemLinux
LicenseMIT License
Websitepipewire.org

PipeWire is a server for handling audio and video streams and hardware on Linux.[2][3][4] It was created by Wim Taymans at Red Hat.[5][6] It handles multimedia routing and pipeline processing.[7]

History[edit]

Belgian software engineer Wim Taymans author of PipeWire at Red Hat in 2015

In 2015, Taymans started work on PipeWire. It was based on ideas from a couple of projects, including one called PulseVideo by William Manley.[8][9][10][11]

Christian Schaller stated "it draws many of its ideas from an early prototype by William Manley called PulseVideo and builds upon some of the code that was merged into GStreamer due to that effort."[5]

A goal was to improve handling of video on Linux the same way PulseAudio improved handling of audio.[2]

Although a separate project Taymans initially considered using name PulseVideo for the new project.[2] By June 2015, the name Pinos was being used (named after a city Wim has lived in, Pinos de Alhaurin in Spain).[5]

Initially, PipeWire only handled video streams. By early 2017, Taymans had started working on integrating audio streams. He wanted the project to support for both consumer and professional audio use cases. For advice on professional audio implementation he consulted Paul Davis and Robin Gareus. At this time the name PipeWire was adopted for the project.[8]

In November 2018, PipeWire was re-licensed from the LGPL to the MIT License.[12][13]

In April 2021, Fedora became the first Linux distribution to ship PipeWire for audio by default through its release 34.[14][15][16]

Features[edit]

The project aims include:

Reception[edit]

PipeWire has received much praise, especially among the GNOME and Arch Linux[20][21] communities. Particularly, it fixes many problems that PulseAudio had experienced, including its high CPU usage,[22] Bluetooth connection issues,[23][24] and its JACK backend issues.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Release 0.3.40".
  2. ^ a b c Schaller, Christian (2017-09-19). "Launching Pipewire!". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  3. ^ a b Lerch, Ryan (2017-09-20). "Improved multimedia support with Pipewire in Fedora 27". Fedora Magazine. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  4. ^ a b c Sneddon, Joey (2017-09-21). "PipeWire aims to do for video what PulseAudio did for sound". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  5. ^ a b c Schaller, Christian (2015-06-30). "Fedora Workstation next steps : Introducing Pinos". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  6. ^ Waymans, Tim (November 25–27, 2020). "PipeWire: a low-level multimedia subsystem". Proceedings of the 18th Linux Audio Conference (LAC-20). SCRIME, University of Bordeaux.
  7. ^ a b Raghavan, Arun (2018-10-31). "Update from the PipeWire hackfest". Arun Raghavan. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  8. ^ a b "PipeWire: the new audio and video daemon in Fedora Linux 34". Fedora Magazine. 2021-05-14. Retrieved 2021-10-16.
  9. ^ Manley, William (2021-09-14), PulseVideo, retrieved 2021-10-16
  10. ^ Schaller, Christian (2015-07-01). "Comment on: How is this project related to PulseVideo?". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  11. ^ Willis, Nathan (2015-10-21). "3D video and device mediation with GStreamer". LWN.new. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  12. ^ a b Larabel, Michael (2019-02-03). "PipeWire Should Be One Of The Exciting Linux Desktop Technologies For 2019". Phoronix. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  13. ^ "Relicense as MIT/X11". PipeWire Git repository in GitHub. 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  14. ^ "Releases/34/ChangeSet - Fedora Project Wiki". fedoraproject.org. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  15. ^ "What's new in Fedora Workstation 34". Fedora Magazine. 2021-04-27. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  16. ^ "What's New in Fedora 34? 8 Reasons to Upgrade or Switch". MUO. 2021-04-04. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  17. ^ a b Kaskinen, Tanu (2018-11-12). "PipeWire Hackfest 2018 in Edinburgh". Tanu's Blog. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  18. ^ a b Schaller, Christian (2018-01-26). "An update on Pipewire – the multimedia revolution". Christian F.K. Schaller. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  19. ^ Larabel, Michael (2018-10-30). "PipeWire Is Still On Track For One Day Being A Drop-In Replacement To PulseAudio". Phoronix. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
  20. ^ "Pulseaudio no more". Arch Linux Subreddit. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  21. ^ "pipewire-pulse 0.3.16-4 in testing now replaces pulseaudio!". Arch Linux Subreddit. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  22. ^ "PulseAudio High CPU Usage". Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  23. ^ "Cannot connect to bluetooth audio device using pulseaudio". Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  24. ^ "Headset delivers bad audio quality and low microphone volume in HSP/HFP mode (bluetooth)". PulseAudio GitLab. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  25. ^ "PipeWire FAQ". PipeWire GitLab. Retrieved 6 January 2021.

External links[edit]