Pipecolic acidemia

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Pipecolic acidemia
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Pipecolic acid
Specialty Medical genetics, Endocrinology Edit this on Wikidata

Pipecolic acidemia, also called hyperpipecolic acidemia or hyperpipecolatemia,[1] is a very rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that is caused by a peroxisomal defect.

Pipecolic acidemia can also be an associated component of Refsum disease with increased pipecolic acidemia (RDPA),[2] as well as other peroxisomal disorders, including both infantile and adult Refsum disease,[3][4][5] and Zellweger syndrome.[6]

The disorder is characterized by an increase in pipecolic acid levels in the blood, leading to neuropathy and hepatomegaly.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) 239400
  2. ^ Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) 600964
  3. ^ Tranchant C, Aubourg P, Mohr M, Rocchiccioli F, Zaenker C, Warter JM (Oct 1993). "A new peroxisomal disease with impaired phytanic and pipecolic acid oxidation". Neurology. 43 (10): 2044–2048. doi:10.1212/wnl.43.10.2044. PMID 8413964. 
  4. ^ Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) 266510
  5. ^ Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) 266500
  6. ^ Brul, S.; Westerveld, A.; Strijland, A.; Wanders, R.; Schram, A.; Heymans, H.; Schutgens, R.; Van Den Bosch, H.; Tager, J. (June 1988). "Genetic heterogeneity in the cerebrohepatorenal (Zellweger) syndrome and other inherited disorders with a generalized impairment of peroxisomal functions. A study using complementation analysis". Journal of Clinical Investigation (Free full text). 81 (6): 1710–1715. doi:10.1172/JCI113510. PMC 442615Freely accessible. PMID 2454948. 

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