Piper PA-32 Cherokee Six
|PA-32 Cherokee Six|
|1973 model Piper PA-32-300 Cherokee Six|
|Role||personal use and air taxi aircraft|
|First flight||December 6, 1963|
|Status||Production complete; in service|
The PA-32 is used around the world for private transportation, air taxi services, bush support, and medevac flights.
The PA-32 series was developed to meet a requirement for a larger aircraft than the four-seat Piper PA-28 Cherokee. The first prototype PA-32 made its initial flight on December 6 1963, with the type being publicly announced in October 1964, with Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) type certification following on March 4, 1965. The first production aircraft was the 260 horsepower (190 kW) PA32-260 Cherokee Six, a significantly modified six-seat (or seven-seat) development of the PA-28 Cherokee.
The Cherokee Six and its successors feature a baggage compartment in the nose between the cockpit and the engine compartment and a large double door in the back for easy loading of passengers and cargo.
The 1975 addition of retractable landing gear resulted in the first of the PA-32R series, the Piper Lance. This was the earliest aircraft in the Piper Saratoga family, Piper's luxury, high-performance single line.
Piper's transition to tapered wings for the Cherokee series resulted in a new wing for the PA-32 series, as well. The tapered-wing version of the Cherokee Six was named the Saratoga and debuted in 1980.
After the General Aviation Revitalization Act of 1994, production of the retractable-gear Saratoga resumed in 1995. A fixed-gear PA32 was reintroduced in 2003 as the Piper 6X and the turbocharged 6XT. Sales of the 6X and 6XT models did not meet expectations and production ceased in late 2007.
Piper built a prototype PA32-260 with IO-360 engines mounted on the wings. The trimotor aircraft was the proof-of-concept aircraft for the twin-engined, retractable-gear version of the Cherokee Six, the PA-34 Seneca.
- PA-32-250 Cherokee Six
- Prototype with 250hp Lycoming O-540 engine, two built
- PA-32-260 Cherokee Six
- Production variant with a 260hp Lycoming O-540-E4B5 engine
- PA-32-260 Cherokee Six B
- 1969 model with increased cabin space
- PA-32-260 Cherokee Six C
- 1970 model with minor changes
- PA-32-260 Cherokee Six D
- 1971 model with minor changes
- PA-32-260 Cherokee Six E
- 1972 model with interior and instrument panel changes (note model letters not used after 1972)
- PA-32-300 Cherokee Six
- Variant with a 300hp Lycoming IO-540-K1A5 engine, named the Piper Six 300 after 1979
- PA-32-300 Cherokee Six B
- 1969 model with instrument panel changes, engine changed to IO-540-K1G5
- PA-32-300 Cherokee Six C
- 1970 model
- PA-32-300 Cherokee Six D
- 1971 model
- PA-32-300 Cherokee Six E
- 1972 model (note model letters not used after 1972)
- Experimental low-drag variant for increased fuel efficiency, one built
- PA-32S-300 Seaplane Version
- Factory built on floats, only a small number were made.
- PA-32-301 Saratoga
- Variant from 1980 with a 300hp Lycoming IO-540-K1G5 engine
- PA-32-301T Turbo Saratoga
- Saratoga with a turbocharged Lycoming TIO-540-S1AD engine and revised cowling
- PA-32 prototype modified as a three-engined aircraft with two 115-hp Lycoming O-235 engines fitted to the wings, for development of the PA-34 Seneca
- Embraer EMB-720C Minuano
- Brazilian license-built version of PA-32-300 Cherokee Six.
- Embraer EMB-720D Minuano
- Brazilian license-built version of PA-32-301 Cherokee Six. Production by Embraer and its subsidiary Neiva.
- Embraer EMB-721C Sertanejo
- Brazilian license-built version of PA-32R-301 Lance.
- Embraer EMB-721D Sertanejo
- Brazilian license-built version of PA-32R-301 Lance. Production by Embraer and its subsidiary Neiva.
Specifications (1972 model PA-32-300)
Data from 1972 Piper Cherokee Six 300 "E" Owner's Handbook
- Crew: One
- Capacity: five passengers (or six with optional seat)
- Length: 27 ft 8 in (8.4 m)
- Wingspan: 32 ft 10 in (10.0 m)
- Height: 7 ft 11 in (2.4 m)
- Wing area: 174.5 sq ft (16.5 m2)
- Airfoil: NACA 65-415
- Empty weight: 1,788 lb (811 kg)
- Gross weight: 3,400 lb (1,542 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-540-K1A5 piston, flat six, 300 hp (225 kW)
- Maximum speed: 174 mph (280 km/h, 151 kn)
- Cruise speed: 168 mph (272 km/h, 146 kn)
- Range: 840 mi (1,361 km, 730 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 16,250 ft (4,950 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,050 ft/min (5.3 m/s)
- Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, page 63. Werner & Werner Corp, Santa Monica CA, 1977. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
- Montgomery, MR & Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, page 32. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
- McDowell, Mark (November 24, 2021). "The Practical Endurance of the Piper Cherokee Six". Flying. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
- Taylor 1965, p. 292
- Federal Aviation Administration (June 2007). "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. A3SO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- Montgomery, MR & Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, p.96. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
- Taylor, John W. R., ed. (1980). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1980–81. London: Jane's Publishing Company. pp. 17–18. ISBN 0-7106-0705-9.
- Taylor, John W. R., ed. (1982). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83. London: Jane's Yearbooks. pp. 18–19. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2.
- Taylor, John W. R., ed. (1965). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1965–66. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company, Ltd.
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