Piper PA-44 Seminole

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Piper PA-44 Seminole
Piper-pa-44.jpg
Role Training and personal aircraft
Manufacturer Piper Aircraft
First flight 1978
Produced 1979–present
Unit cost
US$663,500 (2013 base price)[1]
Developed from Piper Cherokee
Piper PA-44-180 Seminole
PA-44 landing
Piper PA-44-180 Seminole

The Piper PA-44 Seminole is an American twin-engined light aircraft manufactured by Piper Aircraft.[2]

The PA-44 is a development of the Piper Cherokee single-engined aircraft and is primarily used for multi-engined flight training.[2][3]

The Seminole was built in 1979–1982, in 1989–1990, and again since 1995.

Design and development[edit]

The first production Seminoles are equipped with two 180 hp (135 kW) Lycoming O-360-E1A6D engines. The right-hand engine is a Lycoming LO-360-E1A6D variant, which turns in the opposite direction to the left-hand engine. This feature eliminates the critical engine and makes the aircraft more controllable in the event that an engine needs to be shut down or fails.[4][5]

The Seminole was first certified on March 10, 1978 and introduced as a 1979 model year in late 1978. Gross weight is 3800 lbs (1723 kg).[5]

Later production Seminoles were built with Lycoming O-360-A1H6 engines.[5]

The PA-44-180T Turbo Seminole version was certified on November 29, 1979 and built between 1981 and 1982. It features two turbocharged 180 hp (135 kW) Lycoming TO-360-E1A6D engines, which offer a significant improvement in performance at high density altitude. The Turbo Seminole had its takeoff gross weight raised to 3925 lb (1780 kg), while the landing weight remained at 3800 lbs (1723 kg).[5]

The PA-44 features a high T-tail similar to the T-tailed Arrow IV. The Seminole resembles the competitive Beechcraft Duchess.[3]

Variants[edit]

PA-44-180 Seminole
Normally aspirated version powered by two Lycoming O-360-E1A6D or two O-360-A1H6 engines.[5]
PA-44-180T Turbo Seminole
Turbocharged version powered by two Lycoming TO-360-E1A6D engines.[5]
PA-44 Seminole DX
A proposed diesel-powered variant powered by two Continental Motors CD-170 engines.[6]

Operators[edit]

Civil[edit]

The PA-44 is popular with air charter companies and flight schools, and is operated by private individuals and companies.

Military[edit]

 Jordan

Specifications (PA-44-180 Seminole)[edit]

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1982–83[7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 7 14 in (8.414 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 7 14 in (11.767 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
  • Wing area: 183.8 sq ft (17.08 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,354 lb (1,068 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,800 lb (1,724 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 110 US gal (92 imp gal; 420 L), of which 2 US gal (1.7 imp gal; 7.6 L) are unusable
  • Powerplant: 2 × Lycoming O-360-E1A6 air-cooled flat four (counter rotating), 180 hp (130 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 193 mph (311 km/h; 168 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 187 mph (301 km/h; 162 kn) (75% power)
  • Stall speed: 68 mph (109 km/h; 59 kn) (flaps down) CAS
  • Range: 1,053 mi; 1,695 km (915 nmi) (55% power)
  • Service ceiling: 17,100 ft (5,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,340 ft/min (6.8 m/s)
  • Single Engine Service Ceiling: 4,100 ft (1,200 m)
  • Take-off to 50 ft (15 m): 1,400 ft (430 m)
  • Landing from 50 ft (15 m): 1,190 ft (360 m)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2013 Seminole" (PDF). Piper Aircraft. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Welcome to the Seminole". New Piper Aircraft. Archived from the original on 2007-07-23. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
  3. ^ a b Montgomery, MR & Gerald Foster: A Field Guide to Airplanes, Second Edition, page 92. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62888-1
  4. ^ "Seminole Price and Standard Equipment". New Piper Aircraft. Archived from the original on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A19SO Revision 10" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. August 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-09.
  6. ^ "General Aviation News". Air Britain Aviation World. Air-Britain. 2018. p. 114. ISSN 1742-996X.
  7. ^ Taylor 1982, p. 447

External links[edit]