|Piper Saratoga II TC|
|Role||Personal use, air taxi & freight aircraft|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||30 August 1974|
|Developed from||Piper Cherokee Six|
The Piper PA-32R is a six-seat, high-performance, single engine, all-metal fixed-wing aircraft produced by Piper Aircraft of Vero Beach, Florida. The design began life as the Piper Lance, a retractable gear version of the Piper Cherokee Six. Later models became known by the designation Piper Saratoga. The primary difference between the Lance and early Saratoga is the development of a tapered wing on the Saratoga, replacing the "Hershey Bar" wing on the Lance that was a carryover from the Cherokee Six. Later Saratoga models provided updated/improved avionics, engine and interior touches but retained the same airframe design.
Production of the Saratoga was discontinued in 2009.
Until 1972, when the assembly line was destroyed in a flood, the Comanche was Piper's luxury high-performance single. Afterwards, Piper began modifying its heavy lifting single engine PA-32 Cherokee Six, adding retractable landing gear and designating the type as the "PA-32R".
Kits for the PA-32R-300 (Six supplied), PA-32RT-300 (16) and PA-32RT-300T (Two) were supplied to Chincul in Argentina for completion. They were designated the PA-A-32R and PA-A-32RT.
For the 2008 model year, the Saratoga II HP (normally aspirated) model was eliminated, along with the 6X and 6XT (fixed-gear versions of the Saratoga), leaving the turbocharged Saratoga II TC as the only production model in the PA-32 line.
Production of all PA-32 models ended in 2009.
- PA-32R-300 (1976–1978)
- Marketed as the Piper Cherokee Lance. Initial version of the retractable PA-32 line, with a standard tail.
- PA-32RT-300 (1978–1979)
- After the first half of 1978, Piper modified the tail to a "T" design with the stabilator (horizontal stabilizer/elevator) moved to the top of the vertical tail. Many pilots and owners complained about the T-tail's lack of authority at low speeds. Beginning with this model, the Cherokee name was officially dropped and the model was designated the Lance II.
- PA-32RT-300T (1978–1979)
- Also in 1978 a turbocharged version, designated the Turbo Lance II, was introduced. The Turbo Lance II has a service ceiling of 20,000 ft (6,096 m) with a rate of climb of 1050 ft/min (5.4 m/s). It can cruise at 10,000 ft (3,048 m) at 175 kn (324 km/h) true airspeed at 75% power burning 20 gal/h. Fuel capacity is 94 U.S. gallons (360 L; 78 imp gal) usable. The aircraft was the first to feature a distinctive large oval single air intake below the propeller hub.
- PA-32R-301 (1980–2007)
- The 1980 models reverted to a standard tail design, and were designated as the Saratoga SP. In 1993 the airplane received several cosmetic and systems updates and was redesignated as the Saratoga II HP.
- PA-32R-301T (1980–2009)
- The 1980 Turbocharged model was given the name Turbo Saratoga SP. The name and model designation stayed the same through the 1996 model year, despite several updates to the airplane during that time. Starting with the 1997 model year the airplane received a new designation, the Saratoga II TC, and a new Lycoming TIO-540-AH1A engine. Externally the biggest difference was the new cowl, with much smaller, round air inlets. 1997-1998 Saratoga II TC's featured a King avionics suite, which was switched to dual Garmin GNS-430's and a GTX-320 transponder with the 1999 models. In mid-2000 model year the avionics were again updated, with one Garmin GNS-430 and one GNS-530 and a GTX-327 transponder as standard equipment. Beginning in 2004 the Saratoga models were available with an Avidyne Entegra "Glass Panel" avionics system, which was replaced by the Garmin G1000 in 2007.
- EMB-721C Sertanejo
- License built variant of the PA-32R-300 and PA-32RT-300, 150 built.
- EMB-721D Sertanejo
- License built variant of the PA-32-301, 55 built.
- John F. Kennedy Jr. plane crash in which John F. Kennedy, Jr., his wife, and sister-in-law were killed on July 16, 1999. In low visibility conditions, the Saratoga Kennedy was flying crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, 7 miles (11 km) off the coast of Martha's Vineyard.
- Michael Connell, founder of New Media Communications, Govtech and Connell Donatelli Inc. and the primary Republican Party Information Technology (IT) expert for Karl Rove, George W. Bush and John McCain among others, was killed on 19 December 2008 when the Saratoga he was flying crashed while attempting an approach for landing into Akron-Canton Airport in Ohio. Connell was an instrument rated pilot with over 500 hours. According to the NTSB report on the accident, Connell flew into adverse weather conditions where icing conditions existed, after having been warned about them.
- On August 8, 2009, a Eurocopter AS350 and a Piper PA-32R-300 collided in midair over the Hudson River near Hoboken, New Jersey, under visual flight rules. All on board both aircraft were killed in the accident.
Specifications (1972 model PA-32RT-300)
Data from 1972 Piper Lance Owner's Handbook
- Crew: One
- Capacity: five passengers (optional additional seat on some)
- Length: 27 ft 9 in (8.44 m)
- Wingspan: 32 ft 10 in (9.99 m)
- Height: 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m)
- Wing area: 174.5 ft2 (16.2 m2)
- Wing profile: NACA 65-415
- Empty weight: 2011 lb (912 kg)
- Gross weight: 3600 lb (1633 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-540-K1G5, 300 hp (225 kW)
- Maximum speed: 190 mph (306 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 160 mph (258 km/h)
- Range: 1000 miles (1600 km)
- Service ceiling: 14600 ft (4450 m)
- Rate of climb: 1050 ft/min (5.3 m/s)
- Peperell 1987, pp.219-224
- Piper Aircraft (2009). "Discontinued Aircraft". Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- Piper Aircraft Line
- Piper PA-32R-300 Cherokee Lance (1976) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-616
- Clarke, Bill (2006). The Illustrated Buyer's Guide to Used Airplanes. McGraw-Hill. p. 320. ISBN 0-07-145427-6.
- Piper PA-32RT-300T Turbo Lance II (1978-1979) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-657
- "Turbo Lance". Air Progress: 33. November 1978.
- Piper PA-32R-301 Saratoga SP (1980-1993) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-727
- PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1993-1995) (S/N 3213042–3213103) Pilot Information Manual; Piper Aircraft p/n 761-856
- PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1995) (S/N 3246001–3246017) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-871
- PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1996-1997) (S/N 3246018–3246087) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-885
- PA-32R-301 Saratoga II HP (1997 & up) (S/N 3246088 & up) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-899
- PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC (1997 & up) (S/N 3257001 & up) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 761-900
- PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC (with Garmin G1000 EFIS) Pilot Information Manual; Piper p/n 767-058
- "Boston.com / JFK Jr. Missing". The Boston Globe.
- Edsall, Thomas B. (January 2009). "The Intriguing Death Of Top GOP Consultant Michael Connell". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- Democracy Now (December 2008). "Republican IT Specialist Dies in Plane Crash". Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- Byrne, John, David Edwards and Stephen Webster (December 2008). "GOP consultant killed in plane crash was warned of sabotage: report". Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- National Transportation Safety Board (December 2008). "NTSB Identification: CEN09FA099". Retrieved 2009-06-06.
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