Piper retrofractum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Piper officinarum)
Jump to: navigation, search
Piper retrofractum
Piper retrofractum Pj DSC 1070.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Piperales
Family: Piperaceae
Genus: Piper
Species: P. retrofractum
Binomial name
Piper retrofractum
Vahl
Synonyms

Piper officinarum (Miq.) C.DC.

Piper retrofractum, the Balinese long pepper or Javanese long pepper, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit of Piper retrofractum is similar in appearance and taste to that of the Long Pepper (P. longum). In Cambodia it is known as ដីប្លី (Dei-Phlei) and Thai as ดีปลี [Dee'bPlee].

This plant is a climbing vine with stems of about 3–4 mm in diameter. Its leaves have blades that are glabrous, lanceolate, with acuminate apex and asymmetric base, and are about 10–12 cm long and 3–3.5 cm wide. The vine is dioecious, with male spikes of about 5 cm long and female spikes about 4 cm long and 0.5–1 cm wide, and part of the ovaries are attached on the axis. Its berries are spherical and arranged densely on the axis.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Van Ke, Nguyen (2007). Edible Wild Plants of Vietnam: The Bountiful Garden. Thailand: Orchid Press. p. 113. ISBN 9745240893.