Pipes of Peace
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|Pipes of Peace|
|Studio album by Paul McCartney|
|Released||28 October 1983|
|Recorded||October/December 1980, February–March 1981, summer 1981, September–October 1982, February and July 1983|
|Paul McCartney chronology|
|Singles from Pipes of Peace|
Pipes of Peace is the fourth studio album by English singer-songwriter Paul McCartney using his own name, released in 1983. As the follow-up to the popular Tug of War, the album came close to matching the commercial success of its predecessor in Britain but peaked only at number 15 on America's Billboard 200 albums chart. While Pipes of Peace was the source of international hit singles such as "Say Say Say" (recorded with Michael Jackson) and the title track, the critical response to the album was less favourable than that afforded to Tug of War.
Background and structure
Many of the songs released on Pipes of Peace were recorded during the 1981 sessions for Tug of War, with "Pipes of Peace", "The Other Me", "So Bad", "Tug of Peace" and "Through Our Love" being recorded afterwards, in September–October 1982. Accordingly, the album has many things in common with its predecessor - it was produced by George Martin, it featured two collaborations with the same artist (this time with Michael Jackson; the Tug of War collaborations being with Stevie Wonder), and continued McCartney's alliance in the studio with Ringo Starr, former 10cc guitarist Eric Stewart and his last session work with Wings guitarist Denny Laine. By November, McCartney would start shooting his self-written motion picture Give My Regards to Broad Street (film), co-starring wife Linda, Ringo Starr and Tracey Ullman, which would take up most of his time throughout 1983. Due to the filming commitments (and to allow a reasonable lapse of time between his new album and Tug of War), Pipes of Peace was delayed until October for release.
However, unlike Tug of War, the album features an electro-tinged sound. On the track "Tug of Peace", McCartney blended the title song to Tug of War with that of the new album. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic describes the mix as "an almost-electro collage that twists the songs into McCartney II territory".
With momentum building for his film project – and the accompanying soundtrack album – McCartney spent much of his energies finishing and preparing Give My Regards to Broad Street for its release in the autumn of 1984.
In 1983 Pipes of Peace made its debut on CD on Columbia Records. In 1993, the album was remastered and reissued on CD as part of "The Paul McCartney Collection" series, with the previously unreleased "Twice in a Lifetime" (the title song for a 1985 film); his 1984 hit from the Rupert Bear project, "We All Stand Together"; and "Simple as That", released in 1986 on the charity album The Anti-Heroin Project – It's A Live-In World – all as bonus tracks. "Ode to a Koala Bear" (the B-side to "Say Say Say") was overlooked for inclusion. The album was reissued in remastered form in 2015 as part of the ongoing 'Paul McCartney Archive Collection' series of releases. The version with "enhanced packaging" contains three discs: the remastered album itself, a bonus audio disc containing mostly demo versions of the songs found on the first disc, and a disc with a film.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Essential Rock Discography||4/10|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
"Say Say Say" was released as the album's lead single in October 1983. A duet with Jackson, it reached number 2 in the UK and number 1 in the US, where it remained for six weeks through to early in 1984. Pipes of Peace peaked at number 4 in the UK and number 15 in the US. Following "Say Say Say", the album's title track became a UK number 1, while in the US, the flipside "So Bad" hit number 23.
Critical reaction was less than that which had greeted Tug of War, many feeling that Pipes of Peace was a weaker execution of its predecessor's formula. In addition, according to McCartney biographer Howard Sounes, the album's commercial reception was "slightly disappointing, considering the quality of the work".
Reviewing the album for the NME, Penny Reel described Pipes of Peace as "A dull, tired and empty collection of quasi-funk and gooey rock arrangements ... with McCartney cooing platitudinous sentiments on a set of lyrics seemingly made up on the spur of the moment." Reel opined that the "one decent moment" was the title track, which he found to be "a Beatlish soiree surely destined as a Christmas single", before concluding: "Even here, however, a note of insincerity in the vocal finally defeats the lyric's objective."
Sounes views Pipes of Peace and its predecessor as "abounding with well-crafted tunes" that almost match the standard of McCartney's work with the Beatles; yet, he adds, the two albums "must be marked down for a surfeit of love ballads with lamentable lyrics". Reviewing the 2015 reissue of Pipes of Peace, for Pitchfork Media, Ron Hart notes that, at the time of release, "Some critics derided McCartney for aging gracelessly", yet "a good listen to the album today reveals some ways it was ahead of its time." Hart writes of the song "Tug of Peace": "an early, primitive version of a mash-up that brought together the title cuts of these underappreciated albums. The blend is clunky, but it foreshadows his electronic music work as the Fireman and on Liverpool Sound Collage."
By contrast, Jeff Strowe of PopMatters considers that the album "presents McCartney at his most regrettable", and views "Pipes of Peace" and "Tug of Peace" as, respectively, a "woefully underdeveloped title track" and a "dreadful mashup". Strowe writes more favourably of "Say Say Say", however, describing it as "catchy in that pure '80s manner", and highlights "Sweetest Little Show" and "Average Person" as "a nice one-two punch of refreshing creativity that give the proceedings a much needed spark of interest and vitality".
- Side one
- "Pipes of Peace" – 3:56
- "Say Say Say" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "The Other Me" – 3:58
- "Keep Under Cover" – 3:05
- "So Bad" – 3:20
- Side two
- "The Man" – 3:55
- Duet with Michael Jackson
- "Sweetest Little Show" – 2:54
- "Average Person" – 4:33
- "Hey Hey" – 2:54
- "Tug of Peace" – 2:54
- "Through Our Love" – 3:28
- Bonus tracks
|The Paul McCartney Collection's 1993 reissue bonus tracks|
|12.||"Twice in a Lifetime"||2:59|
|13.||"We All Stand Together"||4:22|
|14.||"Simple as That"||4:17|
In 2015 the album was re-issued by Hear Music/Concord Music Group as part of the six set of releases, alongside Tug of War, in the Paul McCartney Archive Collection. It was released in multiple formats:
- Standard Edition 2-CD; the original 11-track album on the first disc, plus 9 bonus tracks on a second disc.
- Deluxe Edition 2CD/1DVD Box Set + 112 page essay book and 64 page behind the scenes book about the music video for the song "Pipes of Peace"
- Remastered vinyl The albums will also be available on special gatefold vinyl editions (vinyl editions include a download card).
Digital Standard: Standard Res - without Ebooklet Standard Res – with Ebooklet Mastered for iTunes – without Ebooklet Hi-Res - 24bit 96 kHz – with Ebooklet -
Deluxe: Standard Res (with or without Ebooklet) Mastered for iTunes (with Ebooklet) Hi-Res - 24bit 96 kHz (with Ebooklet)
- Disc 1 – remastered album
The original 11-track album.
- Disc 2 – bonus audio
- "Average Person" (demo) – 4:05
- "Keep Under Cover" (demo) - 3:44
- "Sweetest Little Show" (demo) – 3:00
- "It's Not On" (demo) – 2:56
- "Simple as That" (demo) – 3:16
- "Say Say Say" (2015 remix) – 6:59
- "Ode to a Koala Bear" – 3:48
- "Twice in a Lifetime" – 3:02
- "Christian Bop" – 2:03
- Additional download tracks available via paulmccartney.com
- "Say Say Say (Instrumental)" (2015 remix) - 3:41
- Disc 3 – DVD
- "Pipes of Peace" Music Video
- "So Bad" Music Video
- "Say Say Say" Music Video
- "Hey Hey in Montserrat" (previously unreleased home movie footage, 3mins)
- "Behind the Scenes at AIR Studios" (previously unreleased 6 min edit)
- "The Man" (previously unreleased home movie footage, 4mins)
- Paul McCartney: bass guitar, guitars, piano, keyboards, synthesizer, drums, vocals
- Linda McCartney: keyboards, backing vocals
- Michael Jackson: vocals on "Say Say Say" and "The Man", the duets with him and McCartney.
- Eric Stewart: guitars, backing vocals
- Denny Laine: guitars, keyboards, vocals
- Hughie Burn: guitar
- Geoff Whitehorn: guitar
- Stanley Clarke: bass guitar, vocals
- Gavin Wright: violin
- Jerry Hey: strings, horn
- Gary Herbig: flute
- Chris Hammer Smith: harmonica
- Andy Mackay: saxophone
- Ernie Watts: saxophone
- Gary Grant: horns
- Ringo Starr: drums on "So Bad" and "Average Person"
- Steve Gadd: drums
- Dave Mattacks: drums
- James Kippen: tabla on "Pipes of Peace"
- Petalozzi's Children's Choir: backing vocals on "Pipes of Peace"
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Japan (Oricon Charts)||201,000|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
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- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Pipes of Peace at AllMusic. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Christgau, Robert. Pipes of Peace. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th edn). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. p. 1257. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- Strong, Martin C. (2006). The Essential Rock Discography. Edinburgh, UK: Canongate. p. 696. ISBN 978-1-84195-827-9.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 730. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.
- Strowe, Jeff (2 October 2015). "Paul McCartney: Tug of War / Pipes of Peace". PopMatters. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- Nicol, Jimmy (October 1993). "Re-releases: Paul McCartney The Paul McCartney Collection". Q. p. 119.
- Rolling Stone, 19 January 1984
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds) (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th edn). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. p. 526. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Paul McCartney: Chart History. Billboard.com. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- Sounes, Howard (2010). Fab: An Intimate Life of Paul McCartney. London: HarperCollins. p. 390. ISBN 978-0-00-723705-0.
- Reel, Penny (5 November 1983). "Paul McCartney: Pipes Of Peace (Parlophone)". NME. Available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace – austriancharts.at" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 39, No. 15" (PHP). RPM. 10 December 1983. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "dutchcharts.nl Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (ASP). dutchcharts.nl. MegaCharts. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1983" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
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- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "swedishcharts.com Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (ASP). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace – hitparade.ch" (ASP) (in German). Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Chart Stats Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original (PHP) on 29 December 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
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- "Album Search: Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Les Albums (CD) de 1983 par InfoDisc" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "UK best albums 1983". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- 1984年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1984" Check
|url=value (help) (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- "UK best albums 1984". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Nielsen Business Media, Inc. "1984 Billboard Year-End". Billboard. Google Books. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Canadian album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Music Canada. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "British album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 7 February 2012. Enter Pipes of Peace in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American album certifications – Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 7 February 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
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