Pipestone County, Minnesota
|Founded||May 23, 1857 (created)|
|• Total||466 sq mi (1,210 km2)|
|• Land||465 sq mi (1,200 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2 km2) 0.2%%|
|• Density||20.3/sq mi (7.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
The county was formed on May 23, 1857 by act of the territorial legislature, but was not organized at that time. The area was first designated Rock County while the name Pipestone County was attached to neighboring Rock County. An act of the Minnesota state legislature on February 20, 1862, swapped the designations, attaching the present names to the present counties, due to the pipestone quarry in this county.
Pipestone County organization was effected by a state act on January 27, 1879, with Pipestone City (which had been platted in 1876) as the county seat (the name of the county seat was later shortened to Pipestone). The pipestones are from deposits of red pipestone Native Americans used to make pipes.
Pipestone National Monument is in the county, just north of the town of Pipestone.
Pipestone County lies on Minnesota's border with South Dakota. The Rock River rises in the county and flows southward into Rock County, being augmented by the East Branch of the Rock River near the southern border. The terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved by drainages. The area is devoted to agriculture. The terrain slopes to the west and south, with its highest point on the upper part of its eastern border, at 1,883' (574m) ASL. The county has an area of 466 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 465 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.
The highest point in the eastern part of the county may be as stated but the highest summit is 1995 ft at 44.1927°, -96.2033°
- Altona State Wildlife Management Area
- Burke State Wildlife Management Area
- Holland State Wildlife Management Area
- Pheasant Terrace State Wildlife Management Area
- Pipestone Indian State Wildlife Management Area (within Pipestone Natl Monument)
- Pipestone National Monument
- Prairie Coteau Scientific and Natural Area
- Split Rock Creek State Park
- Troy State Wildlife Management Area
- Van Beek State Wildlife Management Area
- Woodstock State Wildlife Management Area
Pipestone County is one of only four Minnesota counties without a natural lake, the other three being Mower, Olmsted and Rock. It does contain manmade reservoirs:
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,895 people, 4,069 households, and 2,726 families in the county. The population density was 21.3/sqmi (8.22/km2). There were 4,434 housing units at an average density of 9.54/sqmi (3.68/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 24.8% Dutch and 14.3% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 4,069 households, of which 31.0% had children under age 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.
The county population contained 25.8% under age 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,909, and the median income for a family was $40,133. Males had a median income of $27,642 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,450. About 7.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under 18 and 11.1% of those 65 or older.
Government and politics
In recent decades Pipestone County has trended Republican. In no presidential election since 1976 has the county selected the Democratic nominee (as of 2020). In 2012 it was one of only two counties not to vote for Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Amy Klobuchar.
|Commissioner||Luke Johnson||District 1||2020|
|Commissioner||Les Nath||District 2||2022|
|Commissioner and Chairperson||Bruce Kooiman||District 3||2020|
|Commissioner||Dan Wildermuth||District 4||2022|
|Commissioner||Chris Hollinsworth||District 5||2020|
|Senate||Bill Weber||Republican||District 22|
|House of Representatives||Joe Schomacker||Republican||District 22A|
|House of Representatives||Collin Peterson||Democrat||7th|
- "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Pipestone County, Minnesota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Uphame, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), pp. 417-421 (accessed April 13, 2019)
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 163.
- Pipestone County MN Google Maps (accessed April 13, 2019)
- ""Find an Altitude/Pipestone County MN" Google Maps (accessed April 13, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Minnesota 2012 election results by county". Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- "Welcome to Pipestone County, MN". www.pipestone-county.com. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Rep. Joe Schomacker (22A) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "Congressman Collin Peterson". Congressman Collin Peterson. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
- "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
- "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved June 24, 2020.