Pipestone County, Minnesota

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Pipestone County, Minnesota
CourthousePipestoneMN.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pipestone County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMay 23, 1857 (created)
1879 (organized)[1]
Named forPipestone
SeatPipestone
Largest cityPipestone
Area
 • Total466 sq mi (1,207 km2)
 • Land465 sq mi (1,204 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)9,047
 • Density19.5/sq mi (7.5/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.pipestone-county.com

Pipestone County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,596.[2] Its county seat is Pipestone.[3]

History[edit]

The county was created (as Rock County) by the Minnesota Territory legislature on 23 May 1857. An act of the Minnesota state legislature on 20 February 1862 changed the county name to Pipestone, due to the pipestone quarry located in this county. County organization was effected by a state act dated 27 January 1879, with Pipestone City (which had been platted in 1876) as the county seat (the name of the county seat was later shortened to Pipestone).[4] The pipestones are from deposits of red pipestone used by Native Americans to make pipes.[5]

Pipestone National Monument is located in the county, just north of the town of Pipestone.

Geography[edit]

Pipestone County lies on the west line of Minnesota. Its west border abuts the east border of the state of South Dakota. The Rock River rises in the county and flows southward into Rock County, being augmented by the East Branch of the Rock River near the south border. The terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved by drainages. The area is devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the west and south, with its highest point on the upper part of its east border, at 1,883' (574m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 466 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 465 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

Soils of Pipestone County[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Altona State Wildlife Management Area
  • Burke State Wildlife Management Area
  • Holland State Wildlife Management Area
  • Pheasant Terrace State Wildlife Management Area
  • Pipestone Indian State Wildlife Management Area (within Pipestone Natl Monument)
  • Pipestone National Monument
  • Prairie Coteau Scientific and Natural Area
  • Split Rock Creek State Park
  • Troy State Wildlife Management Area
  • Van Beek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Woodstock State Wildlife Management Area

Lakes[edit]

Despite Pipestone County not containing any natural lakes (the other three being Mower, Olmstead and Rock), it does have man-made reservoirs:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,092
18905,132145.3%
19009,26480.5%
19109,5533.1%
192012,05026.1%
193012,2381.6%
194013,79412.7%
195014,0031.5%
196013,605−2.8%
197012,791−6.0%
198011,690−8.6%
199010,491−10.3%
20009,895−5.7%
20109,596−3.0%
Est. 20189,047[10]−5.7%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,895 people, 4,069 households, and 2,726 families in the county. The population density was 21.3/sqmi (8.22/km²). There were 4,434 housing units at an average density of 9.54/sqmi (3.68/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 24.8% Dutch and 14.3% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 4,069 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The county population contained 25.80% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,909, and the median income for a family was $40,133. Males had a median income of $27,642 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,450. About 7.80% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.20% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Pipestone County Administrative map

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

In recent decades the voters of Pipestone County have trended Republican. In no national election since 1976 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 69.4% 3,338 23.4% 1,127 7.1% 343
2012 60.8% 2,826 37.1% 1,725 2.0% 95
2008 55.2% 2,652 42.1% 2,023 2.6% 126
2004 60.9% 3,066 37.8% 1,900 1.3% 66
2000 55.0% 2,693 40.3% 1,970 4.7% 231
1996 44.4% 2,096 42.3% 1,999 13.3% 627
1992 37.8% 1,953 34.3% 1,773 27.9% 1,444
1988 53.2% 2,760 45.9% 2,382 0.9% 47
1984 55.3% 3,043 43.5% 2,391 1.2% 67
1980 51.4% 3,207 38.3% 2,392 10.3% 644
1976 47.2% 3,018 51.1% 3,272 1.7% 111
1972 55.6% 3,543 43.3% 2,758 1.2% 75
1968 56.5% 3,241 38.9% 2,234 4.6% 263
1964 42.4% 2,481 57.5% 3,365 0.1% 5
1960 60.0% 3,677 39.9% 2,443 0.2% 11
1956 60.8% 3,362 39.1% 2,165 0.1% 6
1952 72.5% 4,507 27.3% 1,701 0.2% 13
1948 44.0% 2,281 54.1% 2,804 1.8% 95
1944 57.0% 2,844 42.6% 2,129 0.4% 21
1940 58.6% 3,423 40.9% 2,390 0.5% 29
1936 36.4% 1,881 58.5% 3,026 5.1% 263
1932 33.0% 1,509 65.4% 2,996 1.6% 73
1928 61.3% 2,578 37.8% 1,591 0.9% 38
1924 48.2% 2,066 5.1% 219 46.7% 2,005
1920 79.9% 3,106 12.6% 490 7.5% 292
1916 52.4% 1,010 38.0% 732 9.6% 184
1912 18.1% 301 30.4% 505 51.6% 858
1908 65.1% 1,057 30.2% 491 4.7% 76
1904 76.2% 1,185 17.3% 269 6.6% 102
1900 59.9% 1,112 37.2% 692 2.9% 54
1896 47.5% 862 50.6% 919 1.9% 34
1892 48.0% 648 21.8% 295 30.2% 408

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ Uphame, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), pp. 417-421 (accessed 13 April 2019)
  5. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 163.
  6. ^ a b c Pipestone County MN Google Maps (accessed 13 April 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Pipestone County MN" Google Maps (accessed 13 April 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 96°15′W / 44.02°N 96.25°W / 44.02; -96.25