Pipestone County, Minnesota

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Pipestone County
Pipestone County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pipestone County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°01′N 96°15′W / 44.02°N 96.25°W / 44.02; -96.25
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMay 23, 1857 (created)
1879 (organized)[1]
Named forPipestone
SeatPipestone
Largest cityPipestone
Area
 • Total466 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land465 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,424
 • Density20.3/sq mi (7.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.pipestone-county.com

Pipestone County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 9,424.[2] Its county seat is Pipestone.[3]

History[edit]

The county was formed on May 23, 1857 by act of the territorial legislature, but was not organized at that time. The area was first designated Rock County while the name Pipestone County was attached to neighboring Rock County. An act of the Minnesota state legislature on February 20, 1862, swapped the designations, attaching the present names to the present counties, due to the pipestone quarry in this county.

Pipestone County organization was effected by a state act on January 27, 1879, with Pipestone City (which had been platted in 1876) as the county seat (the name of the county seat was later shortened to Pipestone).[4] The pipestones are from deposits of red pipestone Native Americans used to make pipes.[5]

Pipestone National Monument is in the county, just north of the town of Pipestone.

Geography[edit]

Pipestone County lies on Minnesota's border with South Dakota. The Rock River rises in the county and flows southward into Rock County, being augmented by the East Branch of the Rock River near the southern border. The terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved by drainages. The area is devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the west and south, with its highest point on the upper part of its eastern border, at 1,883' (574m) ASL.[7] The county has an area of 466 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 465 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

Soils of Pipestone County[9]

The highest point in the eastern part of the county may be as stated but the highest summit is 1995 ft at 44.1927°, -96.2033°

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Altona State Wildlife Management Area
  • Burke State Wildlife Management Area
  • Holland State Wildlife Management Area
  • Pheasant Terrace State Wildlife Management Area
  • Pipestone Indian State Wildlife Management Area (within Pipestone Natl Monument)
  • Pipestone National Monument
  • Prairie Coteau Scientific and Natural Area
  • Split Rock Creek State Park
  • Troy State Wildlife Management Area
  • Van Beek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Woodstock State Wildlife Management Area

Lakes[edit]

Pipestone County is one of only four Minnesota counties without a natural lake, the other three being Mower, Olmsted and Rock. It does contain manmade reservoirs:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,092
18905,132145.3%
19009,26480.5%
19109,5533.1%
192012,05026.1%
193012,2381.6%
194013,79412.7%
195014,0031.5%
196013,605−2.8%
197012,791−6.0%
198011,690−8.6%
199010,491−10.3%
20009,895−5.7%
20109,596−3.0%
20209,424−1.8%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,895 people, 4,069 households, and 2,726 families in the county. The population density was 21.3/sqmi (8.22/km2). There were 4,434 housing units at an average density of 9.54/sqmi (3.68/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 24.8% Dutch and 14.3% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 4,069 households, of which 31.0% had children under age 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The county population contained 25.8% under age 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,909, and the median income for a family was $40,133. Males had a median income of $27,642 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,450. About 7.8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under 18 and 11.1% of those 65 or older.

Communities[edit]

Pipestone County Administrative map

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

In recent decades Pipestone County has trended Republican. In no presidential election since 1976 has the county selected the Democratic nominee (as of 2020). In 2012 it was one of only two counties not to vote for Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Amy Klobuchar.[14]

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 71.9% 3,553 26.4% 1,306 1.7% 81
2016 69.4% 3,338 23.4% 1,127 7.1% 343
2012 60.8% 2,826 37.1% 1,725 2.0% 95
2008 55.2% 2,652 42.1% 2,023 2.6% 126
2004 60.9% 3,066 37.8% 1,900 1.3% 66
2000 55.0% 2,693 40.3% 1,970 4.7% 231
1996 44.4% 2,096 42.3% 1,999 13.3% 627
1992 37.8% 1,953 34.3% 1,773 27.9% 1,444
1988 53.2% 2,760 45.9% 2,382 0.9% 47
1984 55.3% 3,043 43.5% 2,391 1.2% 67
1980 51.4% 3,207 38.3% 2,392 10.3% 644
1976 47.2% 3,018 51.1% 3,272 1.7% 111
1972 55.6% 3,543 43.3% 2,758 1.2% 75
1968 56.5% 3,241 38.9% 2,234 4.6% 263
1964 42.4% 2,481 57.5% 3,365 0.1% 5
1960 60.0% 3,677 39.9% 2,443 0.2% 11
1956 60.8% 3,362 39.1% 2,165 0.1% 6
1952 72.5% 4,507 27.3% 1,701 0.2% 13
1948 44.0% 2,281 54.1% 2,804 1.8% 95
1944 57.0% 2,844 42.6% 2,129 0.4% 21
1940 58.6% 3,423 40.9% 2,390 0.5% 29
1936 36.4% 1,881 58.5% 3,026 5.1% 263
1932 33.0% 1,509 65.4% 2,996 1.6% 73
1928 61.3% 2,578 37.8% 1,591 0.9% 38
1924 48.2% 2,066 5.1% 219 46.7% 2,005
1920 79.9% 3,106 12.6% 490 7.5% 292
1916 52.4% 1,010 38.0% 732 9.6% 184
1912 18.1% 301 30.4% 505 51.6% 858
1908 65.1% 1,057 30.2% 491 4.7% 76
1904 76.2% 1,185 17.3% 269 6.6% 102
1900 59.9% 1,112 37.2% 692 2.9% 54
1896 47.5% 862 50.6% 919 1.9% 34
1892 48.0% 648 21.8% 295 30.2% 408
County Board of Commissioners[16]
Position Name District Next Election
Commissioner Luke Johnson District 1 2020
Commissioner Les Nath District 2 2022
Commissioner and Chairperson Bruce Kooiman District 3 2020
Commissioner Dan Wildermuth District 4 2022
Commissioner Chris Hollinsworth District 5 2020
State Legislature (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  Senate Bill Weber[17] Republican District 22
  House of Representatives Joe Schomacker[18] Republican District 22A
U.S Congress (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  House of Representatives Collin Peterson[19] Democrat 7th
  Senate Amy Klobuchar[20] Democrat N/A
  Senate Tina Smith[21] Democrat N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Pipestone County, Minnesota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ Uphame, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), pp. 417-421 (accessed April 13, 2019)
  5. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 163.
  6. ^ a b c Pipestone County MN Google Maps (accessed April 13, 2019)
  7. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Pipestone County MN" Google Maps (accessed April 13, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  14. ^ "Minnesota 2012 election results by county". Retrieved February 25, 2020.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  16. ^ "Welcome to Pipestone County, MN". www.pipestone-county.com. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  17. ^ "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  18. ^ "Rep. Joe Schomacker (22A) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  19. ^ "Congressman Collin Peterson". Congressman Collin Peterson. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  20. ^ "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  21. ^ "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved June 24, 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 96°15′W / 44.02°N 96.25°W / 44.02; -96.25