Pipili applique work

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PipIli Applique Work
Geographical indication
Alternative namesPipili Chandua Kama
TypeHandicraft
AreaPipili, Puri district, Odisha
CountryIndia
MaterialFabric

The village of Pipili is well known for its appliqué work. Appliqué comes from the French word appliquer,[1] meaning "to put on". There are two variants to this technique: appliqué, where a fabric shape is sewn over a base layer, and reverse applique, wherein two layers of fabric are laid down, and a shape is subsequently cut out from the upper layer, exposing the lower layer, before both are stitched together.[2] It is one of the product who have got Geographical Indication (GI) by govt of India (Application No. 86 and 108).

History[edit]

The Pipli Applique work owes its origin to Lord Jagannath culture during 12th century.[3] Earlier applique umbrellas and canopies were prepared by gajapatis for the annual Jagannath's Ratha Jatra.

Use[edit]

Nowadays its usage is more in household, decorative and festival products. The applique items are mainly used during rituals/jatras of the deities.

The colourful applique cloth covers of the three rathas of the deities during Rath Jatra. Apart from different in colour The basic design of all three is similar. Applique work is also used in making pillows, seats and ritual dresses for the deities.

Designing[edit]

The base cloth includes water proof material for umbrellas, velvet for tents, cotton, and threads.[4]

The mythical figures are taken for work. peacock, ducks, parrot, trees, elephant, creepers, flowers like jasmine, lotus, Sun, half-moon, and Rahu (a mythical demon once who swallowed up the sun).

The Craft involves embroidering and stitching. For attaching the pieces of cloth articians use straight stitch, satin stitch, blind stitch, or buttonhole stitch. Sometimes they also make mirror work and many decorative stitches.

Pipili village[edit]

Pipili is a small town, situated about 40 kilometers from Puri, Odisha. The income of this town is essentially dependent on the business of its handicrafts of which the applique works are the main source. Nowadays, Pipli is globally known as the destination of applique and is where many workers and workshops continue to practice the technique, creating both traditional and contemporary items.[5]

Limca Book of Records[edit]

Pipili has an entry in the 2004 Limca Book of Records, for the world's largest thematic applique work.[6] The 54-metre (177 ft) long work is filled with depictions of India's struggle for independence.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ nayar, sanjiv. "Pipili". esamskriti.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ Nithyaprakash, V. "Sewing Montages". gaatha.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Facilitation of IPR Protection through Geographical Indications - Services - Textiles Committee (Ministry of Textiles, Government of India)". Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Pipili in Orissa". incredibleodisha.org. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Why Pipli Applique is so Exquisite". strandofsilk.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Pipili Applique". www.shreekhetra.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Why Pipli Applique is so Exquisite". strandofsilk.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.