Pipistrel

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Pipistrel d.o.o Ajdovščina
TypePrivate company
IndustryAerospace
Founded1989
HeadquartersAjdovščina, Slovenia
Key people
Ivo Boscarol, Chairman
ProductsUltralight aircraft
Number of employees
250 (June 2020)[1]
Websitewww.pipistrel-aircraft.com

Pipistrel d.o.o Ajdovščina[needs Slovenian IPA] is a Slovenian light aircraft manufacturer established in 1989[2] by Ivo Boscarol and based in Ajdovščina. Its facilities are located in Ajdovščina, Slovenia, and near the town of Gorizia, Italy.[3][4] By March 2019, Pipistrel had produced more than 2000 aircraft.[5]

History[edit]

A light-sport aircraft being assembled at the Pipistrel Ajdovščina factory

Due to legal restrictions imposed by the Yugoslavian government during the 1980s, the first aircraft was flown secretly in the evening, between dusk and dark. The flying times and triangular shape of the hang-glider style wings earned the aircraft the nickname "bats" which was adopted by the company naming themselves after the Italian word for bat, pipistrello.[6]

Initially Pipistrel produced only powered hang gliders, designed by Ivo Boscarol, who produced experimental ultralight trikes with a group of his friends as a private enterprise starting in the mid-1980s.[7] The first serially-built ultralight trike, the Basic, was built in 1989, so the company counts this as the official beginning of Pipistrel, although the first mention of the brand name appeared in 1987. Thirty-two examples of the Basic were sold. The Plus was added to the line in 1990, the Spider in 1992 and Twister in 1998. The Spider was marketed in Europe in the early 2000s by Flight Team UG & Company AG of Ippesheim, Germany.[8] During the company's first ten years in operation, the trike models were exported to more than 30 countries in Europe and Africa, with almost 600 units were produced. The production of trikes was discontinued in the early 2000s.[9]

In 1992 the company was officially registered as Pipistrel d.o.o. on 18 November 1992, with Vida Lorbek as the first manager.[10]

In the mid-1990s, when composite materials became more widely used, the company moved from the production of powered hang-gliders to ultralight aircraft that resemble full-sized airplanes. One of the early models, the Sinus, was the first serially-built ultralight made out of composite materials.[11]

In 2003 company moved into a purpose built facility next to the Ajdovščina Airport.[12]

In 2004 Pipistrel released the world's first side-by-side 2-seat self-launching glider, the Pipistrel Taurus.[13]

In 2007 and 2008 Pipistrel claimed two consecutive victories at NASA Centennial Challenges. In the 2007 Personal Air Vehicle challenge, the modified aircraft Pipistrel Virus, owned by Vance Turner and piloted by Pipistrel's general distributor for USA Michael Coates, won most of the categories.[14] In 2008 similar results were achieved by the team at "General Aviation Technology" challenge.[15]

In August 2012, Pipistrel was hit by a week-long import ban issued by the Federal Aviation Administration. Pipistrel had opened a factory in Italy to benefit from the country's bilateral agreements with the United States. During a routine check, the FAA was unable to locate Pipistrel's Italian factory on Google Earth and banned the import of some of Pipistrel's products.[16]

On 12 October 2015 Pipistrel won an international tender issued by the Indian Ministry of Defence, to supply 194 Pipistrel Virus SW 80 trainers to the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and National Cadet Corps.[17][18]

By June 2016, Pipistrel had produced 800 examples from the Sinus and Virus series. By May 2018 this number had increased to more than 900.[19][20] The 1000th aircraft of the Virus and Sinus family was delivered by March 2019.[5]

Electric aircraft[edit]

In 2007 an electric version of the Taurus was released, the world's first fully electric 2-seat aircraft and the first electric motor-glider to achieve serial production.[13] In 2008 Popular Science magazine listed Taurus Electro among Ten Best Innovations of the year in the Aviation&Space category.[21]

The Taurus G4, developed in 2011 was the first all-electric four-seat aircraft.[22] It used the most powerful electric motor in an all-electric airplane design at that time.[23]

The electric Taurus G4 taking off from Sonoma County Airport in California

In July 2015, Siemens, provider of the Dynadyn 60-kilowatt (80 hp) motor used in the Alpha Electro trainer, warned Pipistrel that it should not use its motors for overwater flights, just as Pipistrel was about to launch a historic electric-powered flight across the English Channel and back. As it turns out, Airbus was preparing exactly the same Louis Blériot-like exploit, with a plane powered by a motor also provided by Siemens, and it was speculated that Siemens was pressured by Airbus.[24][25]

In February 2016, Pipistrel ran the most powerful hybrid electric powertrain in aviation to date, as a part of the project HYPSTAIR.[26][27] The EU funded the Hypstair program: a Pipistrel Panthera mockup received a serial hybrid-electric powertrain, ground testing a 200-kilowatt (270 hp) motor driven by batteries only, by a 100-kilowatt (130 hp) generator-only and by both combined. The Hypstair program is followed by Mahepa project from 2017, EU-funded over four years. Panthera ground testing is planned for 2019 before flight tests in 2020.[28]

On 29 September 2016 the world's first four-seat passenger aircraft powered by a zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell propulsion system accomplished a successful first public flight. Pipistrel was one of the partners in the "HY4" project.[29][30] The dual-fuselage, battery-powered Taurus G4 received a DLR hydrogen fuel cell powertrain to fly as the HY4, with hydrogen tanks and batteries in the fuselages, fuel cells and motor in the central nacelle. Partners are German motor and inverter developer Compact Dynamics, Ulm University, TU Delft, Politecnico di Milano and University of Maribor. Ground and flight tests should follow those of the hybrid Panthera a couple of months later.[28]

In June 2019 the company had formed a new R&D sister company, "Pipistrel Vertical Solutions" to develop the Pipistrel 801 electric VTOL aircraft.[31]

On 10 June 2020, the Pipistrel Velis Electro, the fully-electric version of the Virus SW 121, received the World's first type certificate for an electric aircraft from EASA.[32]

On 1 September 2020 the company introduced two cargo carrying electric drones, the Pipistrel Nuuva V300 and the smaller Pipistrel Nuuva V20.[33]

Pipistrel is planning a liquid hydrogen fuel cell and battery-powered 19-seat hybrid “Miniliner”, for a project launch in 2021, first flight in 2028 and service entry in 2030 or 2031.[34] A 8,500-9,000 kg (18,700-19,800 lb) maximum take-off weight, slightly above the hopefully relaxed 8,618 kg EASA CS-23 limit, would allow a 1,000 nmi (1,900 km) range.[34] Batteries would be used for short takeoffs, down to 800 m (2,620 ft), with 2 MW (2,700 hp) of installed power.[34] It would use technology from EU-funded MAHEPA and UNIFIER19 programmes, and three different configurations are evaluated while the composite wing and fuselage are fixed.[34] Pipistrel targets a 1,500 aircraft market and 40% lower operating costs than current commuter aircraft.[34]

Aircraft[edit]

Pipistrel WATTsUP proof of concept aircraft

Gliders and light aircraft[edit]

Electric aircraft[edit]

Ultralight trikes[edit]

VTOL[edit]

Awards and records[edit]

  • In 2004, the Sinus accomplished a record-breaking flight around the world, the first ever ultralight aircraft to do so, flown by a Slovenian pilot, Matevž Lenarčič.[35]
  • 2007 NASA Centennial Challenges Personal Air Vehicle Challenge in 2007[36]
  • 2008: General Aviation Technology Challenge[37]
  • In December 2007, the aircraft Taurus Electro took off as the world's first fully electric 2-seat aircraft. It was named as one of the most important innovations in 2008 by the American magazine Popular Science. In 2010, it won a gold medal at the Biennial of Industrial Design.
  • 2011: CAFE/NASA/Google Green Flight Challenge for energy-efficient aircraft with its four-seater electric plane Taurus G4.[38]
  • 10 FAI world records.[39]
  • In 2019, the Sinus completed two record making flights when Aarohi Pandit became the first woman pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean in a light-sport aircraft.[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zart, Nicholas (16 June 2020). "Meet the Slovenian Company That Brought the Electric Revolution to the Skies". Robb Report. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ Or 1989... --> "Pipistrel Produces 800th Airplane From Sinus/Virus Family". Avweb.com. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  3. ^ James Lawrence (January 2012). "Light-Sport Chronicles: Profiles In Vision: Ivo Boscarol". Planeandpilotmag.com. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Learning to fly with SPIRIT Slovenia". Spirit Slovenia Public Agency. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Pipistrel Makes It an Even 1,000 Sinus/Virus Aircraft". Flying Mag. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Light-Sport Chronicles: Profiles In Vision: Ivo Boscarol - Plane & Pilot Magazine". planeandpilotmag.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. ^ "History". www.pipistrel.si. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  8. ^ Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12, page 211. WDLA UK, Lancaster UK, 2011. ISSN 1368-485X
  9. ^ Prats, J.; Sosna, M.; Sysko-Romanczuk, S.; Sysko-Roma?czuk, Sylwia (18 December 2014). Entrepreneurial Icebreakers: Insights and Case Studies from Internationally Successful Central and Eastern European Entrepreneurs. Springer. ISBN 9781137446329. Retrieved 1 April 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Pipistrel, Letno poročilo, retrieved 1 April 2018
  11. ^ "Slovenia has a leading light aircraft designer :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". www.rtvslo.si. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Pipistrel Aircraft - the freedom of flight". www.pipistrel.si. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b Vandermeullen, Richard: 2012 Kit Aircraft Buyer's Guide, Kitplanes, Volume 28, Number 12, December 2011, page 65. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  14. ^ "NASA - NASA Names Winners of Personal Air Vehicle Challenge". www.nasa.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  15. ^ Administrator, NASA (6 June 2013). "Prizes Awarded At NASA's General Aviation Technology Challenge". nasa.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  16. ^ Stephen Pope (23 August 2012). "FAA Ends Brief Pipistrel Import Ban". Flyingmag.com. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  17. ^ G. C.; G. K. (12 October 2015). "Pipistrel to deliver six to seven planes each month to Indian Armed Forces" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija official website. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Pipistrel signs huge microlight deal with India" (in Slovenian). FLYER official website. 12 October 2015. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  19. ^ "800 and counting..." generalaviationnews.com. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  20. ^ Pipistrel = (28 May 2018). "Time flies faster than Pipistrel aircraft - and here is #900!". pipistrel.si. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Top 100 Innovations of 2008". popsci.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Wittman Regional Airport Sees First Flight For Taurus G4". Aero-News Network. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  23. ^ Paur, Jason (8 August 2011). "Electric Airplane Has 4 Seats, Two Fuselages, One Big Motor". Wired. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  24. ^ Thomas A. Horne (7 July 2015). "Siemens denies e-motors to Pipistrel". Aopa.org. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  25. ^ Stephen Pope (9 July 2015). "Airbus vs Pipistrel: An Electrifying English Channel Race". Flyingmag.com. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  26. ^ "Hybrid Electric Aircraft Motor Powers Up". Flyingmag.com. 19 February 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  27. ^ "Hybrid Electric Powertrain Powers Up For The First Time". Aeronews.net. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  28. ^ a b Graham Warwick (Aug 7, 2018). "European Project To Benchmark Hybrid-Electric Propulsion". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
  29. ^ "Zero-emission air transport – first flight of four-seat passenger aircraft HY4". hy4.org. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  30. ^ "HY 4 - Zero-emission passenger flights". Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  31. ^ a b Bertorelli, Paul (11 June 2019). "Pipistrel Unveils 801 eVTOL". AVweb. Archived from the original on 12 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  32. ^ a b Kate Sarsfield (10 June 2020). "Pipistrel Velis Electro earns first all-electric aircraft type certification". FlightGlobal. Archived from the original on 11 June 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  33. ^ a b c Bertorelli, Paul (1 September 2020). "Pipistrel Announces Hybrid Electric Cargo eVTOL". AVweb. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  34. ^ a b c d e Dominic Perry (16 February 2021). "Pipistrel nears launch of new hydrogen-powered 19-seater". Flightglobal.
  35. ^ "Vsakdanje navade uspešnih ljudi: Matevž Lenarčič, pilot, alpinist, okoljevarstvenik ..." svetkapitala.delo.si (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2020-09-16.
  36. ^ "Pipistrel Virus The Big Winner At PAV Challenge". EAA News. 15 August 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  37. ^ "Pipistrel Team Again the Big Winner in NASA GA Technology Challenge". EAA News. 13 August 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  38. ^ Steitz, Dave & Anderson, Janet (3 October 2011). "NASA Awards Historic Green Aviation Prize". NASA. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  39. ^ "Pipistrel Apis/Bee". Pipistrel company website. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  40. ^ "Mumbai girl Aarohi Pandit becomes first woman to fly solo across Atlantic and Pacific Ocean". India Today. 23 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2020.

External links[edit]