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Piquepoul blanc
Grape (Vitis)
Piquepoul in Viala & Vermorel
Color of berry skinBlanc
SpeciesVitis vinifera
Also calledPicpoul, Picpoul blanc, Picpoul de Pinet
Notable regionsLanguedoc
Notable winesPicpoul de Pinet
HazardsFungal diseases
Piquepoul Gris
Grape (Vitis)
Color of berry skinGris
SpeciesVitis vinifera
Also calledPiquepoul rose, Picpoul, Picpoul gris
Piquepoul noir
Grape (Vitis)
Piquepoul N grappe.jpg
Piquepoul Noir grapes
Color of berry skinNoir
SpeciesVitis vinifera
Also calledPicpoul, Picpoul noir
Leaves of Piquepoul vines

Piquepoul, Picpoul, or Picapoll is a variety of wine grape grown primarily in the Rhone Valley and Languedoc regions of France as well as Catalonia, Spain.[1] It exists both in dark-skinned (Piquepoul noir) and light-skinned (Piquepoul blanc) versions, as well as a very little grown Piquepoul gris. Piquepoul blanc is the most common of the Piquepouls, with 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) cultivated in France in 2000, and an increasing trend.[2]

Piquepoul tends to bud late and has some sensitivity to powdery mildew.


Piquepoul has a long history in the Languedoc region, and along with Cinsault and Clairette blanche is one of the oldest domestic grape varieties of that region. It was blended with Clairette blanche to produce the wine Picardan in the 17th & 18th centuries.[2]

After the Great French Wine Blight, when large shifts in varieties planted took place, Piquepoul lost popularity due to its susceptibility to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and its low yield.

Piquepoul wines[edit]

In Languedoc, Piquepoul blanc is used both for blending and for varietal wines. Red wines produced from Picpoul noir are high in alcohol, are richly scented, but have a very pale colour, which has made the variety more popular as a blending ingredient than as a producer of varietal wines.[2]

Both the blanc and noir versions of Piquepoul are permitted blending grapes for the production of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. However, in 2004 only 0.15% of the appellation's surface was planted with the Piquepoul varieties.[3]

In the New World, Piquepoul is being successfully grown in the foothills of the Chiricahua Mountains (5000 feet above sea level) in the Willcox AVA of southern Arizona. It is also grown in the Red Mountain AVA of eastern Washington State.

Piquepoul blanc is being grown in Sonoma, California.[4]

Piquepoul blanc is also grown successfully in the Texas Hill Country AVA and Texas High Plains AVAs.

In Australia, Piquepoul blanc was first planted in 2013,[5] and the first commercial release of wine was in 2017. Cuttings of the variety were imported for the wine's suitability for drinking with oysters.[6]

Picpoul de Pinet[edit]

Picpoul de Pinet[7] is an AOC within the Languedoc AOC for white wines made exclusively from Piquepoul blanc in the communes of Pinet, Mèze, Florensac, Castelnau-de-Guers, Montagnac and Pomérols.[8]

The wines are green-gold in color, full-bodied, and show lemon flavours. They have a soft, delicate nose, with pleasant hints of acacia and hawthorn blossom.[9] Modernization of the winemaking has led to increased interest in these wines.[10]


Synonyms for Piquepoul blanc include Avello, Avillo, Extra, Feher Piquepoul, Languedocien, Picapoll, Picapolla, Picapulla, Picpoul, Picpoul de Pinet.[11]

Synonyms for Piquepoul gris include Avillo, Languedocien, Picapulla, Picpoul, Pikepul Seryi, Piquepoul rose, Szürke Piquepoul.[12]

Synonyms for Piquepoul noir include Avillo, Kek Piquepoul, Languedocien, Pical, Pical negro, Pical Polho, Picalpolho, Picapoll, Picapoll Negro, Picapouia, Picapouya, Picapulla, Picpouille, Picpoul, Picpoule, Picquepoul, Pikepul Chernyi, Pique Poule, Piquerette noire.[13]

Picpoul is also a synonym for the variety Folle blanche, which has no known relationship to Piquepoul.


  1. ^ You say 'lipstinger', I say no, Hudin.com
  2. ^ a b c Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Picpoul". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 524–525. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
  3. ^ www.chateauneuf.dk: Grapes, accessed on June 18, 2008
  4. ^ Stierch, Sarah. "Wine time: Anaba Wines '15 Picpoul Blanc". Sonoma Valley Sun. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  6. ^ Oysters and wine a 'magnifique' combination for Australian grower taking a cue from the French, accessed on October 7, 2017
  7. ^ Pinet, AOC Picpoul de. "AOC Picpoul de Pinet - Son terroir c'est la mer". www.picpoul-de-pinet.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Décret du 24 décembre 1985 modifié définissant les conditions de production des vins à appellation d'origine contrôlée « Languedoc » (à titre dérogatoire « Coteaux du Languedoc » peut être utilisé jusqu'au 3 mai 2012)". www.inao.gouv.fr. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  9. ^ Pinet, AOC Picpoul de. "AOC Picpoul de Pinet - The wine". www.picpoul-de-pinet.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  10. ^ Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Picpoul de Pinet". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 525. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
  11. ^ Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul blanc, accessed on June 18, 2008
  12. ^ Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul gris, accessed on June 18, 2008
  13. ^ Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul noir, accessed on June 18, 2008