Pir Budhan Shah

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Pir Buddan Shah
پیر بدھن علی شاہ
Equestrian miniature painting of Pir Budhan Shah. Gouache and gold on paper, circa 18th or 19th century
Kiratpur Sahib
Known forAssociate of the Sikh Gurus

Pir Budhan Shah[note 1] (died 1643;[1] پیر بدھن علی شاہ), also called Baba Budhan Ali Shah, Peer Baba, and Sayyed Shamsuddin,[2][3][4] was a venerated Sufi pir[5] who held a religious discourse with Guru Nanak in Rawalpindi and later accepted Gurmat thought during the times of Guru Hargobind.[6][7] He was a Sufi Muslim by birth he was born in Talwandi, the same village as Guru Nanak.[3] He is venerated by Sikhs, Muslims, and Hindus.[3] It is believed that he lived for around 500 years.[3]


Painting of the Pir located at his mausoleum in Kiratpur

Buddan Shah, a Muhammedan,[8] belonged to a family of chieftains, but left everything to become a Sufi mystic.[9] He lived near Rawalpindi. Guru Nanak met him during his travels.[10][11] He is believed to have arrived in Jammu sometime during the 15th century.[3]

He was very close to Bidhi Chand Chhina, as were his followers.[12] His disciple, Sunder Shah, died together with Bidhi Chand at Devnagar near Ayodhya on the banks of the Gomti River in 1638.[13]


Mausoleum of Pir Buddan Shah at Kiratpur

Budhan Shah lived up to the time of Guru Hargobind[14] and died in 1643. His mausoleum is located on hilltop in Kiratpur, about 200 meters east of the ashram of Baba Gurditta. His tomb is visited by both the Sikhs and Muslims of the region. A dargah (shrine) dedicated to him is located in Jammu City, across the Tawi River from the local Jammu Airport.[4][7]


  1. ^ His name is also romanised as Peer Buddan Shah.


  1. ^ Page 5, Guru Tegh Bahadur: Testimony of Conscience, Mohindar Pal Kohli
  2. ^ Page 76, Islam Means Peace : Understanding the Muslim Principle of Nonviolence Today, Amitabh Pal
  3. ^ a b c d e "4 - The Dargah of Peer Baba Budhan Ali Shah in Jammu City". Understanding culture and society in India : a study of Sufis, saints and deities in Jammu Region. Abha Chauhan. Singapore. 2021. pp. 66–75. ISBN 978-981-16-1598-6. OCLC 1258652121.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ a b Bamotra, Kamlesh (2021), Chauhan, Abha (ed.), "The Mystic Sufi Saint in Jammu: Peer Baba Budhan Ali Shah", Understanding Culture and Society in India, Singapore: Springer Singapore, pp. 59–82, doi:10.1007/978-981-16-1598-6_4, ISBN 978-981-16-1597-9, S2CID 237998790, retrieved 2 March 2023
  5. ^ Page 93, The Book of Nanak, Navtej Sarna
  6. ^ Singh, Teja (1999). A short history of the Sikhs. Volume one, 1469-1765. Ganda Singh (3rd ed.). Patiala: Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. p. 45. ISBN 9788173800078. OCLC 1345653121.
  7. ^ a b Rai, Mridu (2004). Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects : Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-691-20722-3. OCLC 1129216166.
  8. ^ Page 479, A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province
  9. ^ Page 76, Islam Means Peace : Understanding the Muslim Principle of Nonviolence Today, Amitabh Pal
  10. ^ Page 34,Punjab Today, Mandeep Singh, H. Kaur
  11. ^ "Gods Warrior Saint". The Sikh Review. 54 (1–6). Sikh Cultural Centre: 33. 2006.
  12. ^ Gandhi, Surjit Singh (2007). History of Sikh gurus retold. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 1090. ISBN 978-81-269-0859-2. OCLC 190873070.
  13. ^ Singha, H. S. (2000). The encyclopedia of Sikhism (over 1000 entries). New Delhi: Hemkunt Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 81-7010-301-0. OCLC 243621542.
  14. ^ Singh, Trilochan (1967). Guru Tegh Bahadur, Prophet and Martyr: A Biography. Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. pp. 82–83.