Meher Ali Shah

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Meher Ali Shah
Peer Meher Ali Shah.jpg
TitlePir
Personal
Born(1859-04-14)14 April 1859
(1 Ramadan 1275 A.H.)
DiedMay 1937 (aged 78)
ReligionIslam
ChildrenGhulam Mohiyyuddin Gilani
Parents
  • Nazr Din Shah (father)
  • Masuma Mawsufa (mother)
OrderSufism Qadiriya Chishti Order
Senior posting
Based inGolra Sharif
PredecessorSial Sharif
SuccessorGhulam Mohiyyuddin Gilani
Meher Ali Shah in middle age

Meher Ali Shah (Urdu: پیر مہر على شاه‬‎‎), formally referred to as Huzoor Qibla e Aalam Tajdar-e-Golra Ala Hadrat Syedna Pir Meher Ali Shah Sahib, born 1 Ramadan 1275 A.H., i.e., 14 April 1859 in Golra Sharif, was a Sufi scholar from Pakistan belonging to the Chishti order. He is known as a Hanafi scholar leading the anti-Ahmadiyya movement. He wrote several books, most notably Saif e Chishtiyai ("The Sword of the Chishti Order"), a polemical work criticizing the Ahmadiyya movement of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.[1][2]

Shah was a descendant, on his father Nazr Din Shah's side, of Abdul Qadir Jilani in the 25th generation, and of Muhammad through Hassan Ibn-e-Ali in the 38th generation. On the side of his mother Masuma Mawsufa, he descended from Abdul Qadir Jilani in the 24th generation and from Muhammad through Hussain Ibn-e-Ali in the 37th generation.[3]

Education[edit]

He received his early religious education at the Khankah[further explanation needed] and was given classes in Urdu and Persian in the local Madressah.[4] After completing his education at Angah at the age of 15, he decided to continue further studies in the United Provinces (U.P) of India. He therefore set out for higher education in different parts of India including Kanpur, Aligarh, and Saharanpur. His stay at Aligarh at the madrasah of Lutfullah of Aligarh was for two and a half years.[5][unreliable source?]

Works[edit]

Pir Meher Ali Shah with Khawaja Muhammad din Sialvi of Sial Sharif
  • Tahqiq-ul-Haq Fi Kalima-tul-Haq (The Truth about Kalima-tul-Haq)[6]
  • Shamsul Hidayah
  • Saif-e-Chishtiya
  • I’la Kalimatillah Fi Bayan-e-Wa Ma Uhilla Bihi Legharillah
  • AlFatuhat-us-Samadiyyah (Divine Bounties)
  • Tasfiah Mabain Sunni Wa Shi’ah
  • Fatawa-e-Mehria
  • Mulfuzaat-e-Mehria (Sayings of Meher Ali Shah)
  • Fight against Ahmaddiya Movement]

Religious beliefs[edit]

Mausoleum of Meher Ali Shah with Mosque of Golra Sharif

Shah was a disciple and Khalifa of Khawaja Shams-ud-din Sialvi of Sial Sharif in the Silsila-e-Chishtia Nizamiyah. [7][8] His biography Meher-e-Muneer records that he was also made a khalifa by Imdadullah Muhajir Makki, when he visited the latter in Mecca.

Shah was a supporter of Ibn Arabi's ideology of Wahdat-ul-Wujood but he made a distinction between the creation and the creator (as did Ibn Arabi).[9] He also wrote explaining the "Unity of Being" doctrine of Ibn Arabi.

Like his comrade Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad, he was an authority on Ibn Arabi and his 37-volume work The Meccan Illuminations (Al-Futūḥāt al-Makkiyya).

In 1933, Shah was absorbed in his meditation and mystic trances. That year the philosopher Muhammad Iqbal had to give a lecture at Cambridge University on Ibn Arabi's concept of Space and Time. He wrote a letter to the Shah stating that now there was nobody in all of Hindustan whom he could consult in this matter, and requesting him to tell about Ibn Arabi's work. The Shah however, due to his meditation and bad health, could not reply.[10]

Printed copy of Iqbal's letter.

Death[edit]

Shah sahib sitting on his charpai with a misbaha in hand

In the early part of the month of Safar 1356-A.H (April 1937), he had an attack of cold, which soon developed into typhoid fever, which lasted for several days. His condition grew worse during the last days of Safar. On the morning of 29 Safar (11 May 1937), the pulse became irregular and the body temperature also underwent sudden changes.

Just before the arrival of the final irrevocable moment, he pronounced the words “Allah” from the deepest recesses of his heart in a manner which sent a shudder throughout his body from head to foot, and the reverberation of which was felt by every one who happened to touch the body. The next moment, he repeated the word “Allah” a second time and then turned his head towards the Qibla, thus signaling that the end had finally come.[11]

His three-day Urs is held every year from 27th to 29th Safar.

Honors[edit]

Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University located at Murree Road Rawalpindi is named after him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meher e Muneer. pp. 203–257.
  2. ^ Mihr-e-munīr: Biography of Ḥaḍrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh ( in English).
  3. ^ Mihr-e-munīr: Biography of Ḥaḍrat Syed Pīr Meher Alī Shāh ( in English). Golra Sharif.
  4. ^ "Early Life and education". The Light of Golra Sharif.
  5. ^ ul Haq Gilani, Ghulam Qutub. "Early life and Education". The Light of Golra Sharif.
  6. ^ Tahqiq ul Haq Fi Kalimatil Haq. Maqtab Golra Sharif.
  7. ^ Hasan, Mushirul (1993). Khwaja Shamsuddin Sialvi. Oxford University Press. p. 204.
  8. ^ "Disciples of Khwaja Shamsuddin Sialvi". Sial Sharif.
  9. ^ Mulfuzaat -e- Mehrya by Meher Ali Shah
  10. ^ "Mehr Muneer" a Biography of Meher Ali shah by Maulana Faiz Ahmed
  11. ^ Mihr-e-munīr. p. 296.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]