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The festival of Pir Shalyar (also spelled as Shaliyar) is an old traditional ceremony in Kurdistan. It is held in the 40th day of winter. The celebration is held in three stages, each in a day of three consecutive weeks.
Pir (saint/magi) Shaliyar (vizier), is believed to have cured a princess and married her, the ceremony marks their marriage. Pir is the highest rank in Mithraism and Zoroastrianism. His tomb is located in Kurdistan province of Iran.
In the first week children inform the people of the coming of the ceremony with distribution of walnuts to every home.
In the second week, at the Wednesday night before sunrise, children go up to the roofs of homes, singing the traditional Kurdish songs. Shortly after sunrise cows and sheep are sacrificed. In the evening they play Daf and pray repeating spiritual hymns.
In the third Friday of the month Rebendan (second month of winter in Kurdish calendar), golden breads made of wheat and walnut in the shape of sun (disc) are brought to the tomb of Pir, there are distributed among participants and eaten.
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