Pirate radio in Australia
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Australian radio audiences have had virtually no exposure to pirate radio. There were no broadcasts as part of the World War II propaganda campaigns and commercial as well as community stations alongside the taxpayer funded Australian Broadcasting Corporation were available during the mid to late 1980s and early 1990s - a period when the UK was experiencing a surge in illegal broadcasts during the early days of acid house and the Second Summer of Love. The absence of pirate radio in Australia is primarily attributed to the relatively large number of commercial licences that were issued, particularly after World War 2, as well as the existence of public (later renamed community) non-commercial broadcasting licenses supported mainly by listener subscription. Additionally, the lack of availability of imported broadcasting equipment and the likely application of severe, legislated penalties including jail for offenders, would also have been a factor.
A small number of the total pirate radio stations in Australia are documented.
- Early to mid-1960s Bruce Jackson and friends from Vaucluse High School were raided by the PMG for operating an AM pirate station that unbeknown to them covered all of Sydney.
- 1966 Radio Prosh transmits from a ship in international waters off Kangaroo Island. Ernie Sigley plays host. The PMG jams the signal from the mainland. A number of protests result but the station is short lived.
- Early 1970s: University students and draft resisters, protesting against conscription in Australia and the Vietnam War, set up pirate radio stations broadcasting on the AM band called Radio Draft Resistance at Sydney and Melbourne Universities for short periods of time.
- December 1986: A series of test broadcasts from a radio station calling itself Radio Uranus was heard in Melbourne on 98.4 MHz. They said that they were preparing for a major broadcast on Christmas Eve. The test broadcasts consisted of two people (possibly the station's founders) playing music and talking in between tracks. The second test broadcast sounded like they were on a boat, as a boat engine could clearly be heard in the background, and they may have even said that they were on a boat or ship.
- 18–19 November 1989: Radio Uranus was heard once again, with another series of test broadcasts, one on each day, heard on 97.7 MHz. It was not until 5:00 p.m. on 19 November, when the test broadcast ended and a proper broadcast began, that the identity of the station was known. The broadcast consisted of the same format of music and talk as in 1986. According to the presenters, they were using a 10 kW transmitter located in Kinglake, in the outer east of Melbourne. The transmission even featured a cross to their 'stereo cruiser' located near the city. The broadcast ended suddenly some time after 8:30 p.m. when the presenters interrupted the song being played to say that they were raided. Mentions of rebroadcasts to Fuji suggest HF may have occurred.
- 1990s: Two pirates broadcasting on shortwave from Australia were heard worldwide. The stations were called Radio G'day and Tasmania Radio Int.
- 1991: An FM pirate radio station called "Radio Heinz" broadcast from Wangaratta (Northeast Victoria), with a power of 50W for three months. The station played entire music albums with voice announcements in between. It gained rapid popularity as an alternative to the 3NE commercial station and WPR-FM community radio station, until it was forced to shut down.
- 1992: A short range radio broadcaster calling itself Rex FM broadcasts in the Ballarat central business district at intermittent intervals over the course of a fortnight. The format is music and talk.
- 30 December 1992: A pirate radio station calling itself 3PPP was heard on the FM band in the inner suburbs of Melbourne from before 10:30 p.m. till some time after midnight. The broadcast featured music and talk.
- 2001: Radio Eureka made several broadcasts with power of approximately 12 Watts on frequency 6235 kHz.
- 2004: 22 August. Tower Radio 11412 kHz also 6270 kHz 50 Watts.
- 2006: March–November. 105.7 MHz on 25 Watts serving the Bendigo region.
- 2007: At the age of 12, Tim Wong See operated a pirate radio station called '2FT' from his home in West Pennant Hills before the ACMA shut it down.
- 2008: April–September. 105.7 MHz was heard once again in the Bendigo region. The broadcast consisted mainly of dance music with regular hosts, including live from the "Bathroom Nightclub."
- 2011: August–November. 105.7 MHz was heard yet again in the Bendigo region, This time on 40 Watts and playing predominately dance music. The station was closed by the Australian Communications and Media Authority consequently having equipment seized.
- 2011: 25 September-5 October. A station was heard in the south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne on 1485 kHz on several evenings commencing 25 September. The station carried a rebroadcast of My MP, a digital only commercial radio station. On 5 October, the Australian Communications and Media Authority reported that it shut down an unlicensed AM radio station operating on 1485 kHz from Chadstone following a complaint.
- 2016: February 29. Dan Morris's West Wollongong home was raided by the ACMA to shut down his pirate station IRIE FM. In January he was interviewed for Vice.com in an article, titled ‘Meet Australia’s Preeminent Jamaican Pirate Radio Broadcaster’. It proved to be his undoing, after the ACMA saw it and investigated.Magistrate Michael Stoddart fined Morris a total of $3,000 and ordered the transmitter be forfeited.
- 2017: January 31. Following the closure of Radio Australia's domestic shortwave service a pirate was heard broadcasting on the newly vacated frequency of 4835 kHz. The content was of a protest nature including audio grabs of Tony Abbott stating there would be no cuts to the ABC's funding.
- David Rood (29 July 2012). "Pirates plunder the high Cs". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- How Did Jands Get Its Name?. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- South Australia's Pirate Radio PROSH 'Piracy on the Airwaves'. Radio Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- (18 June 2017). . Radio Uranus recording on crossbandradio.com. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- Info, Radio (2013-01-10). "From radio pirate to AFTRS student". Radio Info. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
- (30 September 2013). More unlicensed broadcasting stations shut down. The Australian Communications and Media Authority. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- (31 March 2012). Illegal broadcasters caught. Amateur Radio Victoria. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- (6 August 2013). In the field - latest reports from ACMA Field Operations. The Australian Communications and Media Authority. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Levy, Greta (11 January 2016). "Meet Australia's Preeminent Jamaican Pirate Radio Broadcaster".
- TONKIN, SHANNON (14 July 2016). "Wollongongâ€™s pirate radio station shut down, DJÂ fined". Illawarra Mercury.
- (5 February 2017). . Youtube channel by VK3YE. Retrieved 5 February 2017.