Pirjo Honkasalo

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Pirjo Honkasalo
Pirjo Honkasalo.jpg
Pirjo Irene Honkasalo

(1947-02-22) 22 February 1947 (age 74)
Helsinki, Finland
OccupationFilm director, cinematographer, film editor, producer, screenwriter
Years active1970–present
Spouse(s)Pirkko Saisio

Pirjo Irene Honkasalo (born 22 February 1947) is a Finnish film director who has also worked as a cinematographer, film editor, producer, screenwriter and actress.[1] In 1980 she co-directed Flame Top with Pekka Lehto, with whom she worked earlier and later as well. The film was chosen for the 1981 Cannes Film Festival.[2] In the 1990s she focused on feature documentaries such as "The Trilogy of the Sacred and the Satanic" (Mysterion, Tanjuska and the 7 Devils and Atman). Honkasalo returned to fiction with Fire-Eater (1998) and Concrete Night (2013), both of which were written by Pirkko Saisio.[3] Concrete Night won six Jussi Awards in 2014, among them the Jussi for the Best Direction and the Jussi for the Best Film.[4] Its world premiere was at the Toronto International Film Festival in Masters series.[5]

Pirjo Honkasalo worked as provincial artist laureate in Central Finland 1974–1975.[6] At that time she drove around the area with one-armed scholar who made research of traditional handcrafts. Honkasalo photographed all the interviewees voluntarily. On that journey she met the main characters of her documentary Their Age.[7] She is the first honorary member of Women in Film & Television Finland. The organisation says that "Honkasalo has [...] made touching films of universal topics" and also spoken out about the gender inequality in film industry.[8]

Pirjo Honkasalo and her partner Pirkko Saisio live in Kruununhaka,[9] Helsinki, but they also have apartments in Tavastia, Turku and Madeira.[3] Both of them enjoy travelling and they together have written a travel book Exit (1987).[10] They've raised Saisio's daughter, actress Elsa Saisio, and are one of the best-known lesbian couples in Finland.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Pirjo Honkasalo was born in Helsinki, but the family moved to Pori when she was one year old.[7] Honkasalo studied film in School of Art and Design, Helsinki.[9] She started there at the age of 17[11] and was only 21 years old when she graduated in 1969.[12] The school had great connections to FAMU and Honkasalo was very active and interested in the international projects.[7] In 1971–1972 Honkasalo studied and worked as an assistant in Temple University, Philadelphia.[7][12] Studies included visual anthropology.[7]


Honkasalo has worked with some other well-known Finnish filmmakers such as Rauni Mollberg and Jörn Donner, who have also helped her in her career.[7] She was the first woman in Finland who did the cinematography for a feature film (Pilvilinna, 1970).[13]

Her most recent film Concrete Night is shot in black and white. She claims that in black and white it's possible to make the environment and story more simple and clear. Honkasalo's films are known for their lack of talk. "Picture can reach the unspoken part of a human. The part indescribable with language". Honkasalo thinks that this silence makes the filming itself almost sacred.[9]

Honkasalo doesn't want to separate fiction and documentary films, she rather thinks that both have elements from each category. She got used to working with the camera on her shoulder from the beginning, so she can move quickly and won't miss any good authentic moments. Often she does the directing and shooting at the same time, "cinematography is part of directing", as she says. It also means that she doesn't have to shoot as much; "In Tanjuska and the 7 Devils, I had 2,2 times the material compared to the final cut".[7] Doing this helps the editing process which she also often does herself.[14] Honkasalo insists on making the final cut of her films, which is why for an example the BBC won't buy her work.[9]

Selected filmography[edit]


Many of Honkasalo's films have been nominated in several international film festivals.[15] She has received four life-work awards: BAT Prize at Sodankylä 1993, Suomi-Finland Award 1998, Laterna Magica for director 1999[16] and Aho & Soldan award at the DocPoint Helsinki Documentary Film Festival 2004.[17] Flame Top was nominated in Cannes Film Festival's main competition 1981 and won four Jussi Awards in the same year, among them an award for the best direction.[18] Their previous co-direction Two Forces won the Jussi for the Best Team in 1980.[1]

Tanjuska and the 7 Devils (1993)

Atman (1997)

Fire-Eater (1998)

The 3 Rooms of Melancholia (2004)

Concrete Night (2013)


  1. ^ a b c d "Pirjo Honkasalo". Elonet. Kansallinen audiovisuaalinen instituutti. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Flame Top". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
  3. ^ a b c Hiltunen, Pekka (August 2011). "Itsensä paljastaja | Pirkko Saisio". Image. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  4. ^ Petäjä, Jukka (2014-02-02). "Betoniyö palkittiin parhaasta ohjauksesta – se sai myös parhaan elokuvan Jussi-palkinnon". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Pirjo Honkasalon Betoniyön maailmanensi-ilta Toronton elokuvajuhlien arvostetussa Masters-sarjassa". Bufo Oy Press release. The Finnish Film Foundation. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  6. ^ Waarala, Hannu (11.3.2010). "Lyhyestä pitkään elokuvaan". Keskisuomalainen. Retrieved 19 March 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Hytönen, Jukka (January 1999). "Totuus ei löydy kameraa heiluttamalla – Pirjo Honkasalon haastattelu". Filmihullu. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  8. ^ Koski, Jenni. "Pirjo Honkasalo valittu WIFT Finland ry:n ensimmäiseksi kunniajäseneksi". News. Women in Film and Television Finland. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d Lehtonen, Veli-Pekka (2.11.2013). "Pirjo Honkasalo kuvaa elokuvissaan ihmisen sanatonta osaa". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 16 March 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ Kivilaakso, Katri. "Saisio, Pirkko: 1949 -". Online collection of 100 Finnish biographies. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  11. ^ Meriläinen, Pilvi. "Mustavalkoinen, yhä ajankohtainen". Film-O-Holic.com. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Vieraana: Pirjo Honkasalo". Kotikatsomo: Tekijät. YLE. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  13. ^ "Pirjo Honkasalo, elokuvaohjaaja". Kulttuuridokumentti. YLE Teema. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  14. ^ Padilla, Alfonso. "Pirjo Honkasalo – Dokumenttielokuvasta runoutta". Eventos Pasados. Instituto Iberoamericano de Finlandia. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Pirjo Honkasalo/ Director & Cinematographer". A development program for documentary filmmakers. Green House Film Center. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  16. ^ "Pirjo Honkasalolle Porvoon elokuvajuhlien ohjaajapalkinto". Yle Uutiset. 1999-09-27. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  17. ^ a b c d "The 3 Rooms of Melancholia – a film by Pirjo Honkasalo" (PDF). Icarusfilms.com. Icarus Films. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  18. ^ "18.2. Teemalauantai: Pirjo Honkasalo". Yle Teema: Ohjelmat. YLE Teema. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  19. ^ "BIFF'1994 Award Winning Films". Mumbai International Film Festival. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  20. ^ "Norjan Amanda-voittajat". Elokuvauutiset.fi. 2009-08-24. Archived from the original on 2014-03-18. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  21. ^ "Pirjo Honkasalo". www.filmfestivalrotterdam.com. Film Festival Rotterdam. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  22. ^ "Betoniyö kilpailee Pohjoismaiden suurimmasta elokuvapalkinnosta". Helsingin Sanomat. 2014-01-14. Retrieved 18 March 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Aaltonen, Jouko. Todellisuuden vangit vapauden valtakunnassa – dokumenttielokuva ja sen tekoprosessi. Helsinki: Like: Taideteollinen korkeakoulu 2006.
  • Anderson, John. Armoton kauneus – Pirjo Honkasalon elokuvataide. Helsinki: Siltala Publishing 2014.
  • Korhonen, Timo. Hyvän reunalla – dokumenttielokuva ja välittämisen etiikka. Helsinki: Aalto-yliopiston taiteiden ja suunnittelun korkeakoulu, median laitos: Musta Taide 2013
  • Puhto, Sanna; Suutari, Virpi. Perhesiteitä. Helsinki: Helsingin sanomat 2007.
  • Saisio, Pirkko; Honkasalo, Pirjo. Exit – lyhytproosaa matkoilta maassa ja mielessä. Helsinki: Kirjayhtymä 1987.
  • Sarvo, Sanna. Vent – directors and media artists from Finland. Tokyo: Finnish Institute in Japan 2000.
  • Soila, Tytti. The cinema of Scandinavia. London: Wallflower Press 2005.

External links[edit]