Pirogov triangle

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The Pirogov triangle (also Piragoff's triangle) is an area in the human neck formed by the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle, the posterior border of the mylohyoid muscle, and the hypoglossal nerve. The triangle was named after Russian surgeon and scientist Nikolay Pirogov who performed a first description of that anatomic area of the neck.[1] The lingual artery can be found in the Pirogov triangle underneath the fibers of the hyoglossus muscle.


  1. ^ Tubbs RS, Rasmussen M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA (2011). "Three nearly forgotten anatomical triangles of the neck: triangles of Beclard, Lesser and Pirogoff and their potential applications in surgical dissection of the neck". Surg Radiol Anat. 33 (1): 53–57. doi:10.1007/s00276-010-0697-2. PMID 20623121.