Pisces Dwarf

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Pisces Dwarf
LGS 3 ubv.jpg
The Pisces Dwarf in combined UV and visible light
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationPisces
Right ascension01h 03m 55.0s[1]
Declination+21° 53′ 06″[1]
Redshift-287 ± 0 km/s[1]
Distance2.51 ± 0.08 Mly (769 ± 25 kpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)14.2[1]
Characteristics
TypedIrr/dSph[1]
Apparent size (V)2′ × 2′[1]
Other designations
LGS 3,[1] PGC 3792[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

Pisces Dwarf is an irregular dwarf galaxy that is part of the Local Group. The galaxy, taking its name from the constellation Pisces where it appears, is suspected of being a satellite galaxy of the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). It displays a blueshift, as it is approaching the Milky Way at 287 km/s. It may be transition-type galaxy, somewhere between dwarf spheroidal and dwarf irregular. Alternatively, it may be a rare, but statistically acceptable, version of one of the two types.[2]

History[edit]

It was discovered by Valentina Karachentseva in 1976.[2][3][4]

Star formation history[edit]

Apparently, the star formation rate in the Pisces Dwarf has been declining for the past 10 billion years. Most of the galaxy's stars were formed in its early years, about 8 billion years ago. The study has also shown that there has been no significant star formation for the past 100 million years. Hence, most of the stars that populate this galaxy are old, metal-rich stars aged about 2.5 billion years. However, there are small clusters of young, hot, blue stars on the outer areas of the galaxy.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for Pisces Dwarf. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c McConnachie, A. W.; Irwin, M. J.; Ferguson, A. M. N.; Ibata, R. A.; Lewis, G. F.; Tanvir, N. (2005). "Distances and metallicities for 17 Local Group galaxies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 356 (4): 979–997. arXiv:astro-ph/0410489. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.356..979M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.08514.x.
  3. ^ Karachentseva, V. E. (1976). "Some characteristics of isolated pairs composed of a normal galaxy and DDO-dwarf". Soobshch. Spets. Astrofiz. Obs. 18 (18): 42–51. Bibcode:1976SoSAO..18...42K.
  4. ^ Hidalgo, Sebastian L.; Aparicio, Antonio; Skillman, Evan; Monelli, Matteo; Gallart, Carme; Cole, Andrew; Dolphin, Andrew; Weisz, Daniel; Bernard, Edouard J.; Cassisi, Santi; Mayer, Lucio; Stetson, Peter; Tolstoy, Eline; Ferguson, Henry (2011). "The Acs Lcid Project. V. The Star Formation History of the Dwarf Galaxy Lgs-3: Clues to Cosmic Reionization and Feedback". The Astrophysical Journal. 730: 14. arXiv:1101.5762. Bibcode:2011ApJ...730...14H. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/730/1/14.
  5. ^ Miller, B. W., Dolphin, A. E., Lee, M. G., Kim, S. C., Hodge, P. (2001). "The Star Formation History of LGS3". The Astrophysical Journal. 562 (2): 713–726. arXiv:astro-ph/0108408. Bibcode:2001ApJ...562..713M. doi:10.1086/323853.

Coordinates: Sky map 01h 03m 55.0s, +21° 53′ 06″