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Pisco punch was an alcoholic beverage invented by Duncan Nicol at a bar named Bank Exchange at the end of the 19th century, in San Francisco, California. The Bank Exchange was located in south-east corner of the intersection of the Montgomery and Washington streets, in the Montgomery Block building, where the Transamerica Pyramid now stands.
History of Pisco
Pisco is a late 16th century brandy made from grapes that originated in the Viceroyalty of Peru. It was available in San Francisco since the 1830s when it was first brought from Pisco, Peru via ship by rawhide and tallow traders trading with California towns. During the California Gold Rush of 1849 the brandy was readily available in San Francisco.
There are eight approved grape varietals, four considered to be non-aromatic: Quebranta, Negra Criolla, Uvina, and Mollar, while the aromatics are Moscatel, Torontel, Italia and Albilla. They grow in one of five growing regions in 42 different valleys. Pisco was the first distilled spirit made in the new world. As there were no glass bottles in the 16th century, the brandy was shipped in ceramic (clay) containers sealed with beeswax.
"In 1839, early in the year, the brig 'Daniel O'Connell,' an English vessel, arrived at Yerba Buena from Payta, Peru, with a cargo of Peruvian and other foreign goods, having on board a considerable quantity of pisco or italia, a fine delicate liquor manufactured at a place called Pisco.
History of the drink
When the Bank Exchange & Billiard Saloon opened its doors in 1853 it served pisco among other several liquors. Several punches were made using pisco at the Bank Exchange over a long succession of owners, ending in 1893 with Duncan Nicol. Nicol was the last owner of the Bank Exchange when it closed its doors permanently in 1919 because of the Volstead Act.
Duncan Nicol invented a pisco punch recipe using: pisco brandy, pineapple, lime juice, sugar, gum arabic and distilled water. The punch was so potent that one writer of the day wrote "it tastes like lemonade but comes back with the kick of a roped steer." Others said "it makes a gnat fight an elephant." Harold Ross, founder of The New Yorker magazine wrote in 1937: "In the old days in San Francisco there was a famous drink called Pisco Punch, made from Pisco, a Peruvian brandy... pisco punch used to taste like lemonade but had a kick like vodka, or worse."
Pisco Punch gained fame worldwide thanks to pieces written by travelers including Mark Twain and Harold Ross (founder of New Yorker magazine). In Rudyard Kipling's 1889 epic From Sea to Sea, he immortalized Pisco Punch as being "compounded of the shavings of cherub's wings, the glory of a tropical dawn, the red clouds of sunset and the fragments of lost epics by dead masters" Unfortunately, Prohibition closed the doors of the Bank Exchange; and Duncan Nicol died soon thereafter- supposedly taking the exact recipe to his grave.
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- Davis, William Heath (1889). Sixty Years in California. San Francisco, CA: A. J. Leary. p. 249.
- Pauline Jacobson - A Fire-Defying Landmark, The Bulletin, San Francisco, May 4, 1912, Pg. 13
- William Heath Davis - Seventy-five Years in San Francisco, D.S. Watson, 1929
- Herbert Asbury - The Barbary Coast - An Informal History of the San Francisco Underworld, 1933, Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002
- Robert O'Brien - This is San Francisco, Whittlesey House N.Y. 1948 Chronicle Books, 1994
- Idwal Jones - Ark of Empire, Ballantine Books, 1951
- William Bronson - Secrets of Pisco Punch Revealed, California Historical Society, 1973
- Edited by Thomas Kunkel, Letters from the Editor - The New Yorker Harold Ross, The Modern Library, New York, 2001, Pg. 117
- Toro-Lira, Guillermo - Wings of Cherubs: The Saga of the Rediscovery of Pisco Punch, Old San Francisco's Mystery Drink, BookSurge Publishing, South Carolina, 2007
- Toro-Lira, Guillermo - History of Pisco in San Francisco: A Scrapbook of First Hand Accounts', Createspace, 2010
- Camper English - Pisco - http://www.sfgate.com/food/article/Pisco-so-much-to-know-there-s-more-to-tell-2353517.php, SF Gate, 7/24/11
- on YouTube Summary of radio interview: KGO-ABC 810AM "Dining Around with Gene Burns", the most popular foodie radio program of San Francisco, telling us about Peruvian gastronomy and the historical relation of Peruvian Pisco brandy with the City by the Bay.