|Elevation||1,555 m (5,102 ft)|
|Highest elevation||1,700 m (5,500 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||1,400 m (4,500 ft)|
|• Estimate (1998)||20,479|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Pishin [P'shin or P'khin in Pashto (Pashto: پښين)] is a small town that is the capital of the Pishin District of Balochistan province, Pakistan. Pishin connects Quetta, the provincial capital, to Afghanistan. It is considered part of the Pashtun belt of Balochistan, and it is the largest district of Pashtun tribes in the region. Due to its high population and vast area, a new tehsil, Huramzai, has been established, and Malikyar is popular place/village for its greenery and production of different kinds of fruits and vegetables. and beautiful lake Band Khushdil Khan is present in Malikyar.
Pishin was founded by the British Empire in 1883. It played a role in the Anglo-Afghan Wars. Local tribes from the area assisted Baran Khan Tareen in fighting the British by attacking British military convoys en route to Afghanistan. During World War II, the British built two air bases in the district; one near the town of Pishin and the other in Saranan.
In the summer, temperatures can reach 40 °C (104 °F). In the winter, temperatures can decrease to below freezing.
The region is known in Balochistan for fruit production. It supplies a variety of fruits such as apples, from areas such as Malikyar and Khanozai khushab, grapes from Malikyar , Khanozai Khushab Khanzai, Tora Shah, and Ibrahimzai, pomegranates from Yasinzai, Humramzai and Gangalzai and melons and watermelons, mostly from Khudazai.
Pishin's main ethnic groups are Tareen. Syed, Kakar, and Achakzai. Other tribes include Durrani Barakzai, Khiral, Ghilzai. In the city the majority of the population belongs to Tareen tribe, followed by Syed and then Kakar. Several Christian families also live there.
Pishin District is home to several tribes but following Four main tribes form the major population of the district:
Transport is mostly by car or bus. The town connects with Quetta, Khanozai, Barshore, and Saranan. In 1883, a major railway and road were constructed to connect towns in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- Kader Khan, Indian actor
- Jennifer Musa, politician
- Jehangir Ashraf Qazi, diplomat, former Pakistani ambassador to United States
- Sultan Golden, motorcycle stuntman
- Sardar Ghulam Mustafa Khan Tareen, active Pashtun leader. Former governor Syed Fazal Agha And Late, Sarwar Khan Kakar politicians
- Syed Liaquat Agha, former Secretary of Pakistan Football Federation, president of Quetta chamber of commerce and member of the Balochistan Assembly from Pishin.
- Abdul Ali Akhundzada, the creator of educational system in pishin having enormous respect member of Pishin qaumi jirga, social activist
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Pishin – Government of Pakistan
- "Pishin". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 02 Apr. 2015.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Pishin - Government of Pakistan
- "Location of Pishin – Falling Rain Genomics". Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- "Biography of Kader Khan". OneIndia. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
- "Biography of Kader Khan". Filmy Friday. 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2011-07-20.