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|Pishin District پشین|
Map of Balochistan with Pishin District highlighted
|• Deputy Commissioner||Abdul Wahid Khan Kakar|
|• Assistant Commissioner||Samee Ullah Kakar|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Tehsils||5|
Pishin (Urdu: پشین ) (Pashto: پښين)is a district in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. In 1975 it was separated from Quetta district for administrative reasons. The name Pishin is a modernized form of ‘Pushang’, which is how the city was designated in (mainly pre-modern) Persian sources (Arabic sources using 'Fushang'). Myth attributes the origin of the Persian designation to a son of the mythical Emperor Afrasiab. Fushing was the spelling used in the records of the Afghan government. The population of Pishin District was estimated to be over 300,000 in 2005, with 95% of the population being Pashtun.
Pishin was founded by the British Empire in 1883. It played a role in the Anglo-Afghan Wars. Local tribes from the area assisted Baran Khan Tareen in fighting the British by attacking British military convoys en route to Afghanistan. During World War II, the British built two air bases in the district; one near the town of Pishin and the other in Saranan.
The district is represented in the provincial assembly by three constituencies viz from each single member's constituency one representative to of the people in the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan.
Pishin's main ethnic groups are Syed, Kakar, Tareen and Achakzai. Other tribes include Durrani Barakzai, Khiral, Ghilzai. In the city the majority of the population belongs to Achakzai and Kakar tribes, followed by Syed and then Khilji. Several Christian families also live there.
Pishin District is home to several tribes but following Five main tribes form the major population of the district:
The region is known in Balochistan for fruit production. It supplies a variety of fruits such as apples, from areas such as Gharshinn, Malikyar and Khanzai, grapes from Khanzai, Tora Shah, Thraatah and Ibrahimzai, pomegranates from Yasinzai, Humramzai and Gangalzai and melons and watermelons, mostly from Khudazai.
- Kader Khan, Indian actor
- Jennifer Musa, politician
- Jehangir Ashraf Qazi, diplomat, former Pakistani ambassador to United States
- Sultan Golden, motorcycle stuntman
- Sardar Ghulam Mustafa Khan Tareen, active Pashtun leader.
- Syed Salahuddin Agha, politician during and after Partition
- Syed Liaquat Agha, former Secretary of Pakistan Football Federation, president of Quetta chamber of commerce and member of the Balochistan Assembly from Pishin.
- Bahauddin Malikyar, member of Pishin qaumi jirga, social activist
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Pishin - Government of Pakistan
- "Biography of Kader Khan". OneIndia. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
- "Biography of Kader Khan". Filmy Friday. 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
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