|Pitcairn PA-18 in flight at Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport, New Carlisle OH, April 17, 2009.|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Pitcairn Aircraft Company|
|Number built||ca 20|
The Pitcairn PA-18 was an autogyro produced in the United States in the early 1930s. In 1931, Pitcairn had produced a lightweight autogyro suitable for the private pilots as the PAA-1. Experience with this and with other light, low-powered machines convinced Pitcairn that while the concept was good, they presented significant handling problems to inexperienced pilots. The PA-18 was designed as a machine for the same market, but with a more powerful engine and structural strengthening. The availability of more power contributed greatly to the aircraft's responsiveness at low speeds.
In 2008, a PA-18 was restored to flying condition by Jack and Kate Tiffany of New Carlisle, Ohio. At the same time, a second PA-18 was under restoration by the Posey Brothers firm at the Trenton-Robbinsville Airport. Most other PA-18s were purchased by the United States government in 1940 and sold on to the United Kingdom. They never arrived, however, since the ship carrying them was sunk by a German submarine.
Data from "Pitcairn, A G A, Pitcairn-Cierva, Pitcairn-Larsen"
- Crew: One pilot
- Capacity: 1 passenger
- Length: 19 ft 5 in (5.92 m)
- Wingspan: 21 ft 3 in (6.48 m)
- Main rotor diameter: 40 ft 0 in (12.19 m)
- Main rotor area: 1,260 ft2 (117 m2)
- Powerplant: 1 × Kinner R-5, 160 hp (120 kW)
- Maximum speed: 95 mph (150 km/h)
- Range: 225 miles (362 km)
- Service ceiling: 12,000 ft (3,658 m)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Taylor 1989, p.735
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, p.2739
- Erardi 2008
- "Pitcairn PA 18 Autogiro"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pitcairn aircraft.|
- Erardi, John (7 November 2008). "Ohio man finds, fixes up unique aircraft". The Repository. Retrieved 2009-01-16.[dead link]
- "Pitcairn, A G A, Pitcairn-Cierva, Pitcairn-Larsen". Aerofiles. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
- "Pitcairn PA 18 Autogiro". Posey Brothers Inc website. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.