Pitch and putt
This article needs attention from an expert in Sports. The specific problem is: For a game played by millions, lacks substantive game play, history, comparison with golf, etc..(February 2021)
Pitch and putt is an amateur sport very similar to, and derived from, golf, where the hole length is typically up to 90 metres (100 yd) and just 2–3 clubs are typically used. Invented in Ireland in 1929, and developed through the 1940s, it is now played in dozens of countries and has two world governing bodies.
The game originated in Ireland in the late 1920s, and developed through the 1940s, then spreading more internationally. A European governing body was formed in 1999-2000, and then a first global governing body by 17 countries in 2006, and then in 2009, four countries separated and formed a second world body with two other countries. The first governing body, the Federation of International Pitch and Putt Associations (FIPPA), with the European Pitch and Putt Association (EPPA), sees Pitch and Putt as a separate sport drawing on golf, and maintains cordial relations with golfing bodies, but does not adopt their rules wholesale. The other governing body, the IPPA, sees Pitch and Putt as a "golf speciality", and uses the Rules of Golf, with two major variations, and a focus on shorter distances between holes.
The original rules developed in Ireland have been subject to variations as the game has spread, and today each country can devise its own rules.
The game is played from raised artificial teeing surfaces using a tee and it has its own handicap system.
For international competitions, countries working within the IPPA framework look to the Rules of Golf (which are published by the Royal and Ancient and the USPGA), while those working within the FIPPA / EPPA framework uses those bodies' shared rules, operating autonomously from the golf authorities.
For international competitions:
- the maximum hole length is 90 metres (100 yd);
- the maximum total course length of 1,200 metres (1,310 yd);
- players may only use three clubs, one of which must be a putter.
The game was developed mainly in Ireland since the 1940s, but is today a growing sport all over the world. It is organized internationally by the European Pitch and Putt Association since 1999, by the International Pitch and Putt Federation since 2006 and by the International Pitch and Putt Associations since 2009.
The European Pitch and Putt Association (EPPA) was founded at a meeting in Dublin in 1999 by representatives from Ireland, Great Britain, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Italy. Later, Norway, Switzerland, San Marino, Denmark, Andorra and Germany joined the EPPA. The European Pitch and Putt Association stages a biennial European Team Championship.
The Federation of International Pitch and Putt Associations was created in March 2006 in a meeting in Barcelona by representatives of 17 pitch and putt associations. FIPPA members are Ireland, Spain, Norway, Great Britain, Switzerland, Australia, Chile, Andorra, and the United States. Canada, China, and Germany are associated members. The Federation of International Pitch and Putt Associations stages a biennial Pitch and Putt World Cup and, since 2009, FIPPA the Pitch and putt World Strokeplay Championship.
- FIPPA Rules 2014
- "History of EPPA". EPPA. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011.
- "International Pitch and Putt defined". Federation of International Pitch and Putt Associations. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
- "P & P and Golf rules". International Pitch and Putt Association. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
The IPPA in all its international competitions adopts all the Rules of Golf, emanated by R&A and USGA, with 2 exceptions: / The player can only use 3 clubs at most, one of them being a putter. / The maximum distance of the holes should not exceed 90 meters, accumulating a total of 1200 meters for the 18 holes of the course.
- "Pitch and putt rules". European Pitch and Putt Association. Archived from the original on 27 October 2013.
- FIPPA. "FIPPA Revamped". Archived from the original on 1 June 2009.