Pitch wheel

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The Minimoog was the first synthesizer to feature a pitch wheel, visible at the left of the keyboard.

In electronic music, a pitch wheel, pitch bend or bender is a control on a synthesizer to vary the pitch in a continuously variable manner (portamento).

The first synthesizer with a pitch wheel was the Minimoog, in 1970.[citation needed]

Alternatively, pitch bend controllers on synthesizers may have appearance of joystick, knob, or ribbon.

In the MIDI specification, the pitch wheel may send 16,384 possible variation values. The General MIDI specification recommends that the total range be ±2 semitones,[1] though this Pitch Wheel Range (or Sensitivity) can be adjusted using General Midi Registered Parameter Number 0, 0.

One example of music that makes use of pitch bend wheel would be from Nintendo's Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen trainer battle OST. The song has different amounts of pitch bends, short and long.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pitch Wheel (MIDI specification)
  2. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3o5-Ny4eU0 Pokemon FireRed/Leaf Green Trainer Battle OST