Pitch wheel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Minimoog was the first synthesizer to feature a pitch wheel, visible at the left of the keyboard.

In electronic music, a pitch wheel, pitch bend or bender is a control on a synthesizer to vary the pitch in a continuously variable manner (portamento).

The first synthesizer with a pitch wheel was the Minimoog, in 1970.[citation needed]

Alternatively, pitch bend controllers on synthesizers may be implemented as a joystick, knob, or touch-sensitive ribbon.

MIDI represents pitch bend as a 14-bit integer, allowing for 16,384 possible values. General MIDI implementations default to a range of ±2 semitones.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "General MIDI System Level 1". The Complete MIDI 1.0 Detailed Specification (document version 96.1, third ed.). The MIDI Manufacturers Association. 2014.