Pithapuram

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Pithapuram
Clockwise from top left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, fields near Pithapuram, landscape view at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswami Temple
Clockwise from top left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, fields near Pithapuram, landscape view at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswami Temple
Pithapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Pithapuram
Pithapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667
Government
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyS.V.S.N. Varma[1]
Area
 • Total41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
(2011)[3]
 • Total52,360
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Pithapuram or Peetika Puram is a town and a municipality in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town also forms a part of Godavari Urban Development Authority. The temple town is one of fifty five Sakti Peetikas.[4]

Shripad Shri Vallabha, believed to an incarnation of Lord Dattaatreya by his devotees, lived in Pithapuram.[5] He is considered one of the first complete avatars (incarnations) of the deity Dattaatreya in Kali Yuga.[6]

History[edit]

Pithapuram was originally called Pishtapura. The earliest extant inscription to mention the city is the 4th century king Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar inscription, which states that he defeated the king Mahendra of Pishtapura.[7] The inscriptions of the 4th and 5th century Vasishtha and Mathara dynasties also mention Pishtapura, describing it as a part of Kalinga.[8][7] In the 7th century, the Chalukya king Pulakeshin II annexed Pishtapura to his kingdom.[7]

Geography[edit]

Pithapuram is located at 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667.[9] It has an average elevataion of 10 meters (33 feet). It is located near several beaches though not one in particular. It is in between 2 major cities; Kakinada and Raja mahendra varam. Pithapuram is landlocked and most of the economic activity takes place in Kakinada. Pithapuram is also well known for the CBM Christian Medical Centre which was started by Missionary Doctor Dr. E. Smith.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 52,360. The total population constitute, 25,891 males, 26,469 females and 5,116 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 75.00% with 35,434 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][10]

Transport[edit]

Pithapuram railway station is classified as a D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[11]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[12][13] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MP, MLA participate incockfight at Pithapuram". The Hindu. 11 January 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Constitution of Godavari Urban Development Authority with headquarters at Godavari" (PDF). Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  5. ^ http://www.sreedattavaibhavam.org/sree-pada-sree-vallabha
  6. ^ http://www.sripadasrivallabhamahasamsthanam.com
  7. ^ a b c Ashvini Agrawal (1989). Rise and Fall of the Imperial Guptas. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 109. ISBN 978-81-208-0592-7.
  8. ^ S. Sankaranarayanan (1977). The Vishṇukuṇḍis and Their Times: An Epigraphical Study. Agam Prakashan. p. 51.
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics.Pithapuram
  10. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  11. ^ "Vijayawada Division – A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  12. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  13. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.