Pithapuram

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For the playback singer, see Pithapuram Nageswara Rao.
Pithapuram
పిఠాపురం
Town
Clockwise from Top Left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express Speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, Fields near Pithapuram, Landscape View at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswamy Temple
Clockwise from Top Left: Kukkuteswara and Padagaya Temple Complex, Pithapuram Railway Station, Ratnachal Express Speeding through Pithapuram Railway Station, Fields near Pithapuram, Landscape View at Pithapuram, Kunti Madhavaswamy Temple
Pithapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Pithapuram
Pithapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667Coordinates: 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District East Godavari
Area[1]
 • Total 41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 52,360
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Pithapuram or Peetha Puram is a town and a municipality in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Pithapuram railway station is on the ChennaiHowrah Railway line. Pithapuram is famous for its Ancient Hindu temples. Pithapuram was previously known as Puruhoothika puram and later known as Pithikapuram. Pithapuram is also known as Dakshina Kasi (or the Kasi of the south). During Satavahana era it was known as Pistapura.

Pithapuram is the birthplace of Sripada Sri Vallabha, an incarnation of lord Dattatreya. It is a very sacred place.

Geography[edit]

Pithapuram is located at 17°07′00″N 82°16′00″E / 17.1167°N 82.2667°E / 17.1167; 82.2667.[3] It has an average elevataion of 10 meters (33 feet). It is located near several beaches though not one in particular. It is in between 2 major cities; Kakinada and Rajahmundry. Pitapuram though is landlocked town and most of the economic activity takes place in Kakinada.14 km away from bay of Bengal.Pithapuram is also well known for the The CBM Christian Medical Centre which was started by Missionary Doctor Dr. E. Smith.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 52,360. The total population constitute, 25,891 males, 26,469 females and 5,116 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 75.00% with 35,434 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][4]

Transport[edit]

Pithapuram railway station is classified as a D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[5]

Culture[edit]

Religious destinations

Pithapuram Temple

Shakti Peetham[edit]

The Puruhutika devi Temple (Puruhutika Peetham) inside the Kukkuteshwara Temple is a Shakti Peetha where Sati (goddess)'s Left hand fell. The etymology of the location (Peetha Puram or Pithapuram) comes associated with the presence of this Shakti Peetha in the area.[6] Daksha Yaga the mythology depicted in puranas is considered as the main theme in the origin of the idea of Shakti Peethas.[7][8][9]

Shripad Shri Vallabha[edit]

Shripad Shri Vallabha (c. 1320-1350 CE), considered to be the first complete incarnation of lord Dattatreya in Kaliyug was born in a Brahmin family in Pithapuram, and he attained Samadhi in Kurvapur.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics.Pithapuram
  4. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Vijayawada Division - A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Pithapuram Puruhutika, Rajahmundry tour : 18 Shakti peeth
  7. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (June 1, 2004). The Upanishads, Vol I. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1419186418. 
  8. ^ (Translator), F. Max Muller (July 26, 2004). The Upanishads Part II: The Sacred Books of the East Part Fifteen. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1417930160. 
  9. ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". http://kottiyoordevaswom.com/. Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  External link in |work= (help)
  10. ^ http://www.agnihotrausa.net/Shripad-Shrivallabha.html