Pittosporaceae

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Pittosporaceae
Starr 051004-4689 Pittosporum confertiflorum.jpg
ʻawa (Pittosporum confertiflorum)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Pittosporaceae
R.Br.[1][2]
Genera

9-10, see text

Pittosporaceae is a family of flowering plants. The family includes approximately 200–240 species of trees, shrubs, and lianas in 9 genera.[3] The species of Pittosporaceae range from tropical to temperate climates of the Afrotropic, Indomalaya, Oceania, and Australasia ecozones.

The type genus is Pittosporum Banks ex Gaertn.[4]

Description[edit]

Pittosporaceae are dioecious trees, shrubs, or twining vines, with leaves having pinnate venation, no stipules, and margins which are smooth.[5] Ovaries are superior, often with parietal placentation.[5] The style is undivided and straight, and the stigma is often lobed.[5] The fruit is a capsule or berry with the calyx being shed from the fruit.[5] The seeds are surrounded by sticky pulp which comes from secretions of the placental hairs.[5] The flowers have equal numbers of sepals, petals and stamens.[5]

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  2. ^ Pittosporaceae R.Br. , nom. cons. Brown, R. in Flinders, M. (1814), General remarks, geographical and systematical, on the Botany of Terra Australis. A Voyage to Terra Australis 2, Appendix III: 542
  3. ^ Sambamurty (1 January 2005). Taxonomy of Angiosperms. I. K. International Pvt Ltd. p. 727. ISBN 978-81-88237-16-6. 
  4. ^ "APNI Pittosporaceae". Australian Plant Name Index. IBIS database. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards) Pittosporaceae at 'Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since.' Available at http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/ Retrieved 6 July 2018.

External links[edit]