Piute County, Utah

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Piute County
Grass Valley and the Sevier Plateau from SR-25
Map of Utah highlighting Piute County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°20′N 112°08′W / 38.34°N 112.13°W / 38.34; -112.13
Country United States
State Utah
FoundedJanuary 16, 1865
Named forPaiute Native Americans
SeatJunction
Largest townCircleville
Area
 • Total766 sq mi (1,980 km2)
 • Land758 sq mi (1,960 km2)
 • Water7.9 sq mi (20 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,438
 • Density1.9/sq mi (0.72/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.piuteutah.com

Piute County (/ˈpjuːt/ PY-yoot) is a county in south-central Utah, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,556,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Utah.[2] The county seat is Junction,[3] and the largest town is Circleville.

History[edit]

Paiute County[4] was formed on January 16, 1865, with areas annexed from Beaver County. It was named for the Paiute tribe of Native Americans.[5] Its defined boundaries were altered by adjustments between adjoining counties in 1866, in 1880, in 1892, and in 1931. It has retained its current configuration since 1931.[6]

By the 1860s, mining prospectors were pushing into central and southern Utah Territory, and several mining towns, such as Bullion and Webster, appeared. Mining activity had slowed by the 1900s, but gold mining (from lodes in Tushar Mountains) had produced 240,000 ounces of gold from 1868 through 1959.[7] As the nation entered The Great War, a mine on the east Tushar Mountains producing potash and alumina became a national center of attention, both because of the strategic value of these products, and because of persistent rumors of sabotage attempts and spying. The town of Alunite flourished (1915-1930), then died as the war effort wound down. Today it is abandoned.

Geography[edit]

The Sevier River flows northward through the west-central part of Piute County, joined at Kingston by the East Branch of the Sevier. Immediately north of Kingston, it is dammed to form Piute Reservoir. Two mountain ridges lie north–south across the county. The eastern ridge runs through the east-central part of the county, and the western ridge (Tushar Mountains) runs along the county's west border, its crestline defining the county line. Otter Creek flows southward through the east part of the county; it is dammed to form Otter Creek Reservoir in the SE part of the county. Along the way it is fed by Greenwich Creek and Box Creek, draining the east face of the eastern ridge.[8] The eastern part of the county generally slopes to the south while the west-central part of the county slopes to the north. The county's highest point is Delano Peak on the Tushar Range, at 12,174' (3711m) ASL. The highest point on the eastern ridge is a crest near the county's north border, at 9.893' (3015.5m) ASL.[9] The county has a total area of 766 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 758 square miles (1,960 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (1.0%) is water.[10] It is the fifth-smallest county in Utah by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Lakes[edit]

  • Barney Lake
  • Big Flat Reservoir
  • Burnt Flat Reservoir
  • Butte Reservoir
  • Chicken Spring
  • Clause Pond
  • Dead Horse Reservoir
  • Death Hollow Reservoir
  • Dog Lake
  • Dry Lake (southeast of Marysvale)
  • Dry Lake (east of Piute Reservoir)
  • Dry Wash Pond
  • Durkee Reservoir
  • Fish Lake Reservoir
  • Forshea Reservoir
  • Forshea Spring
  • Forshea Spring Reservoir
  • Hell Hole Reservoir
  • Hidden Lake
  • Little Meadows
  • Little Park
  • Lower Box Creek Reservoir[8]
  • Manning Meadows Reservoir
  • Middle Spring Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Nicks Pond
  • Otter Creek Reservoir
  • Parker Lake
  • Pine Point Reservoir
  • Pole Canyon Reservoir
  • Piute Reservoir
  • Rock Canyon Reservoir
  • Rock Spring
  • Rocky Ford Reservoir
  • Smiths Reservoir
  • Taylor Pond
  • Tuft Reservoir
  • Upper Box Creek Reservoir[8]
  • Voyles Pond
  • West Cedar Grove Reservoir
  • Willis Reservoir
  • Wills Reservoir
  • Willow Spring
  • Willow Springs
  • Windy Ridge Reservoir
  • Wood Pond

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187082
18801,6511,913.4%
18902,84272.1%
19001,954−31.2%
19101,734−11.3%
19202,77059.7%
19301,956−29.4%
19402,20312.6%
19501,911−13.3%
19601,436−24.9%
19701,164−18.9%
19801,32914.2%
19901,277−3.9%
20001,43512.4%
20101,5568.4%
20201,438−7.6%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790–1960[12] 1900–1990[13]
1990–2000[14] 2010–2018[1] 2019[15] 2020[16]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,435 people, 509 households, and 389 families in the county. The population density was 1.89/sqmi (0.73/km2). There were 745 housing units at an average density of 0.98/sqmi (0.38/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.61% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 1.18% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.88% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 4.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 509 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.25.

The county population contained 30.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,625, and the median income for a family was $35,147. Males had a median income of $26,771 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,697. About 11.7% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and Government[edit]

Piute County is a traditional Republican stronghold. In no national election since 1940 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

State Elected Offices
Position District Name Affiliation First Elected
  Senate 24 Derrin Owens Republican 2020[17]
  House of Representatives 73 Phil Lyman Republican 2018[18]
  Board of Education 14 Mark Huntsman Nonpartisan 2014[19]
United States presidential election results for Piute County, Utah[20][21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 773 88.44% 86 9.84% 15 1.72%
2016 626 85.87% 47 6.45% 56 7.68%
2012 697 89.13% 74 9.46% 11 1.41%
2008 635 79.28% 141 17.60% 25 3.12%
2004 646 83.57% 123 15.91% 4 0.52%
2000 626 80.15% 133 17.03% 22 2.82%
1996 475 66.25% 176 24.55% 66 9.21%
1992 429 56.97% 169 22.44% 155 20.58%
1988 476 69.29% 206 29.99% 5 0.73%
1984 606 80.05% 151 19.95% 0 0.00%
1980 551 76.63% 157 21.84% 11 1.53%
1976 377 55.85% 265 39.26% 33 4.89%
1972 475 78.77% 102 16.92% 26 4.31%
1968 411 64.42% 167 26.18% 60 9.40%
1964 361 56.94% 273 43.06% 0 0.00%
1960 453 64.71% 247 35.29% 0 0.00%
1956 548 75.27% 180 24.73% 0 0.00%
1952 531 71.95% 207 28.05% 0 0.00%
1948 440 57.67% 315 41.28% 8 1.05%
1944 381 52.41% 346 47.59% 0 0.00%
1940 442 48.57% 466 51.21% 2 0.22%
1936 339 35.65% 611 64.25% 1 0.11%
1932 433 50.70% 403 47.19% 18 2.11%
1928 434 64.20% 237 35.06% 5 0.74%
1924 398 61.42% 208 32.10% 42 6.48%
1920 538 63.82% 283 33.57% 22 2.61%
1916 269 36.25% 417 56.20% 56 7.55%
1912 205 37.41% 110 20.07% 233 42.52%
1908 333 56.54% 157 26.66% 99 16.81%
1904 358 48.12% 228 30.65% 158 21.24%
1900 330 53.75% 280 45.60% 4 0.65%
1896 34 5.77% 555 94.23% 0 0.00%
Map of Piute County communities

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Former communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  2. ^ Daggett County at the NE state corner, has the least county population (as of 2010 census).
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ The Utah Legislature later changed the county name to its current spelling. "About Piute State Park" Utah State Parks website (accessed March 22, 2019)
  5. ^ Van Cott, John W. (1990). Utah Place Names. Salt Lake City UT: University of Utah Press. p. 297. ISBN 0-87480-345-4.
  6. ^ "[[Newberry Library]]. Individual County Chronologies - Piute County UT (accessed March 25, 2019)". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  7. ^ "History" - Piute County website. Accessed March 22, 2019
  8. ^ a b c d e f Piute County UT Google Maps (accessed 22 March 2019)
  9. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Piute County UT" Google Maps (accessed 22 March 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (June 25, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  15. ^ "QuickFacts. Utah counties". Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  16. ^ 2020 Population and Housing State Data | Utah
  17. ^ "Senator Owens Utah Senate". senate.utah.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
  18. ^ "Rep. Lyman, Phil". Utah House of Representatives. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  19. ^ "Mark Huntsman". www.schools.utah.gov. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  21. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 146 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 110 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°20′N 112°08′W / 38.34°N 112.13°W / 38.34; -112.13