Piva (Serbian Cyrillic: Пива; pronounced [pîʋa]) is a historical region in Montenegro, which existed as a tribe also known as Pivljani (Пивљани, pronounced [pîʋʎaːni]). It is situated in the northwestern highlands of Montenegro, bordering the Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Piva river flows through the region. Regional center is the town of Plužine.
Piva was a nahiya of the Ottoman Empire, mentioned in the 1476–78 defter. It was earlier mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (ca. 1300–10) as one of ten counties in the province of Podgorje, and in the St. Stephen Chrysobull of Serbian king Stefan Milutin (r. 1282–1321). It was part of Sanjak of Herzegovina during Ottoman rule.
Under Prince Nicholas I of Montenegro and the Congress of Berlin recognition, in 1878 the Piva together with the Serb Herzegovinian tribes of Banjani, Nikšići, Šaranci, Drobnjaci and a large number of the Rudinjani formed the Old Herzegovina region of the new Montenegrin state.[page needed]
The tribe has since the arrest of Radovan Karadžić, the wartime Bosnian Serb president and member of the neighbourly Drobnjak tribe of Petnjica (from which also the Serbian language reformer Vuk Karadžić descends), petitioned for Tadić's excommunication from the tribe because of Karadžić's arrest. The arrest is seen as directly bad behavior against the Serbian people and from the Piva against the Drobnjak tribe, who had never before had any problems, and it is because of this Tadić's actions have been condemned.
- Bajo Pivljanin (d. 1685), Venetian guerilla leader, born in Piva
- Stojan Čupić (1765–1815), Serbian revolutionary, born in Piva
- Arsenije Loma (1778-1815), one of the leaders of the First Serbian Uprising
- Simo and Sćepan Kecojević, soldiers, born in Boričje, Plužine
- Radoman Božović, Prime Minister of Serbia 1991–93, born in Šipačno, Plužine
- Ljubomir Tadić, Yugoslav and Serbian academic, born in Plužine area
- Jovan Cvijić, Serbian academic, by distant paternal ancestry
- patriarch Makarije Sokolović
- partiarch Savatije Sokolović
- vojvoda Lazar Sočica
- Vule Adžić
- patriarch Antonije
- patriarch Gerasim
- Spasoje Tadić
- Radoje Dakić
- Obren Blagojević
- Jovan Vuković
- Aleksandar Tijanić, by paternal ancestry
- Vidoje Žarković
- Milka Tadić, by paternal ancestry
- Ivan Kecojević, by paternal ancestry
- Dragan Mićanović, by paternal ancestry
- Momčilo Bajagić, by distant paternal ancestry
- Bojan Dubljević
- Jelena Dubljević
- Stefan Cicmil, by paternal ancestry
- Milan Gutović, by paternal ancestry
- Boris Tadić, by paternal ancestry
- Ognjen Tadić, by paternal ancestry
- Novica Tadić
- Blagojević 1971, pp. 609–610.
- Živković, T.; Kunčer, D. (2009), Gesta regum Sclavorum, I–II, Београд, pp. 362–365
- Blagojević 1971, p. 11.
- Blagojević 1971, p. 377.
- Ivo Banac (2 February 1988). The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9493-1.
- http://www.glas-javnosti.rs/clanak/svet/glas-javnosti-28-07-2008/dan-pivljani-hoce-da-se-odreknu-borisa-tadica. Missing or empty
- Кунчер, Драгана (2009). Gesta Regum Sclavorum. 1. Београд-Никшић: Историјски институт, Манастир Острог.
- Живковић, Тибор (2009). Gesta Regum Sclavorum. 2. Београд-Никшић: Историјски институт, Манастир Острог.
- Svetozar Tomić (1949). Piva i Pivljani. Srpska akademija nauka.
- Milorad Likić; Jovan Plavša (2002). Piva i pivljani nekad i sad. Kulturni centar Karlovačka umetnička radionica.
- Radovan M. Marinković (2002). Pivljani u Čačku. Grafotrade. ISBN 978-86-902669-1-3.
- Srpske porodice i prezimena.