Pixels (2015 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Chris Columbus|
|Story by||Tim Herlihy|
by Patrick Jean
|Music by||Henry Jackman|
|Edited by||Hughes Winborne|
|Distributed by||Sony Pictures Releasing|
|Box office||$244.9 million|
Pixels is a 2015 American science fiction action comedy film co-produced and directed by Chris Columbus and written by Tim Herlihy and Timothy Dowling, from a story by Herlihy. A feature-length adaptation of French director Patrick Jean's 2010 short film of the same name, the film stars Adam Sandler (who also co-produced the film), Kevin James, Josh Gad, Peter Dinklage, Michelle Monaghan, Brian Cox, Ashley Benson, Sean Bean and Jane Krakowski. Combining computer-animated video game characters and visual effects, the film follows aliens misinterpreting video feeds of classic arcade games as a declaration of war, resulting in them invading Earth using technology inspired by the games such as Pac-Man, Space Invaders, Arkanoid, Galaga, Centipede and Donkey Kong. To counter the invasion, the United States hires former arcade champions to lead the planet's defense. Principal photography on the film began on May 28, 2014 in Toronto; filming was completed in three months.
Produced by Columbus's 1492 Pictures and Sandler's Happy Madison Productions, Pixels was released theatrically by Columbia Pictures/Sony Pictures Releasing in the United States on July 24, 2015 in 2D, 3D, and IMAX 3D formats. The film grossed $244 million worldwide on a production budget of $129 million and received generally negative reviews from critics, with criticism aimed at the script, performances, and plot, although some praised its visual effects, action scenes, and musical score. 
At a video game arcade in 1982 with his friend Will Cooper, Sam Brenner discovers he can master the games by spotting patterns. Participating in a video game championship, he loses to the obnoxious Eddie "the Fireblaster" Plant in Donkey Kong. A videocassette with footage of the event is included in a time capsule that is launched into space.
In the present day, Brenner has become an installer of home-theater systems while Cooper is the disliked President of the United States. In Guam, a U.S. military base is besieged by an extraterrestrial force attacking in the form of the video game Galaga and a soldier is abducted.
Brenner works at the home of divorcée and U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel Violet van Patten, but the two are separately summoned to the White House. Upon seeing the video footage and meeting with Ludlow "the Wonder Kid" Lamonsoff, a friend he and Cooper made at the video game championship, Brenner determines that an alien race has misinterpreted the videocassette images as a declaration of war and are attacking with technology based on the games featured at the championship. This is affirmed when the aliens interrupt a television broadcast using manipulated footage from the cassette, challenging Earth to a battle where if the aliens win three rounds, they will conquer the planet. Brenner and Cooper are unable to stop one of the attacks as several aliens taking the form of the Vaus from Arkanoid are used to destroy the Taj Mahal, and a bystander is abducted.
Violet showcases newly-developed rayguns that are effective against the aliens as Brenner and Ludlow train Navy SEALs to play the games. In London, the aliens attack Hyde Park in the form of Centipede, but as the soldiers are unable to defeat the creatures, Brenner and Ludlow step in. Following the victory, the aliens send a congratulatory message to the team and a "trophy" in the form of an alien taking the form of the dog from Duck Hunt to an old woman who appeared earlier at the London attack.
Ludlow and Cooper retrieve Eddie, who had been serving a prison sentence for fraud. In New York City, the team learns that an alien taking the form of Pac-Man is on a rampage. Brenner, Ludlow, and Eddie are given four modified Mini Cooper cars to use as the ghosts from the Pac-Man series, with the fourth one being piloted by Pac-Man creator Toru Iwatani. When they confront the Pac-Man alien, Iwatani tries to reason with it peacefully, but he gets his hand bitten off and flees. The remaining three then overcome the task, but Violet notices that something about Eddie is off, as he moved at supersonic speeds around the board. They win an alien taking the form of Q*Bert as a trophy. Later during a celebratory party however, the aliens send a message declaring that someone cheated and the challenge for the planet has been forfeited. Violet's son, Matty, discovers Eddie is the perpetrator, having used a speed cheat during the battle against Pac-Man. Eddie flees while Matty is abducted by the aliens.
The aliens launch a massive attack using an army of aliens taking the forms of various characters and enemies from the championship's games in Washington, D.C.. Cooper joins the team, while Ludlow stays to fight. An alien takes the form of Lady Lisa, a character who Ludlow had a crush since childhood. Ludlow persuades Lisa to choose love, and she sides with the humans; Eddie, wishing to make amends, returns to fight as well. Brenner, Violet, Cooper, and Q*Bert are summoned to the aliens' mothership where they face the alien leader who takes the form of Donkey Kong on the game's starting level with the aliens' captives at the top. As the group dodges the obstacles, Brenner begins to lose hope, until Matty reveals Eddie's cheating to him, thus restoring his confidence, and Brenner eventually uses a hammer to defeat Donkey Kong. This causes the aliens' forces to self-destruct, including Lisa.
The team is hailed as heroes and a peace agreement is reached with the aliens. Eddie apologizes to Brenner for his cheating, and although Ludlow is saddened that Lisa is gone, his spirits are lifted when Q*Bert transforms his likeness to her. Brenner and Violet become a couple while Eddie gets to meet Serena Williams and Martha Stewart. The aliens reverse all the destruction they caused before they depart, even restoring Iwatani's hand. One year later, Ludlow and Lisa are married and have Q*Bert-like children.
- Adam Sandler as Sam Brenner, a former arcade video game champion, Cooper's childhood friend, and the leader of the Arcaders.
- Anthony Ippolito as 13-year-old Brenner
- Kevin James as Will "Chewie" Cooper, the President of the United States, Brenner's childhood friend, and a member of the Arcaders.
- Jared Riley as 13-year-old Cooper
- Michelle Monaghan as Lieutenant Colonel Violet von Patten, a unique weapons developer and specialist for the military and a member of the Arcaders.
- Peter Dinklage as Eddie "The Fire Blaster" Plant, Brenner's brash former rival and a member of the Arcaders. The character's physical appearance and personality is styled after real-life Pac-Man and Donkey Kong disqualified champion Billy Mitchell.
- Andrew Bambridge as 13-year-old Eddie
- Josh Gad as Ludlow "The Wonder Kid" Lamonsoff, a conspiracy-theory-obsessed genius with poor social skills and a member of the Arcaders.
- Jacob Shinder as 8-year-old Ludlow
- Brian Cox as Admiral James Porter, a military heavyweight.
- Sean Bean as Corporal Hill
- Jane Krakowski as First Lady Jane Cooper, the First Lady of the United States and the wife of Will.
- Affion Crockett as Sergeant Dylan Cohan
- Ashley Benson as Lady Lisa, the protagonist of the fictional video game Dojo Quest.
- Matt Lintz as Matty van Patten
- Lainie Kazan as Mickey Lamonsoff
Dan Aykroyd plays the emcee of the video game championship. Nick Swardson plays a bystander seen in the Pac-Man attack. Dan Patrick, Robert Smigel and Steve Koren play White House reporters. Celebrities Serena Williams and Martha Stewart have cameo roles as themselves. Matt Frewer reprises his role as Max Headroom, a role he made famous during the 1980s. Steve Wiebe, a previous Donkey Kong and Donkey Kong Jr. World Record holder, plays a military scientist. Denis Akiyama portrays Toru Iwatani, the creator of Pac-Man, while the real Iwatani has a cameo role as an arcade repairman. Fiona Shaw plays the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Additionally, various celebrities who were popular in the 1980s, including Ricardo Montalbán, Hervé Villechaize, Tammy Faye Bakker, Madonna, President Ronald Reagan and the band Hall & Oates, are shown via archival footage.
The character Eddie Plant's physical appearance and personality are styled after real-life competitive gamer Billy Mitchell, who at the time was considered a world champion at both Pac-Man and Donkey Kong, though his records would be rescinded in 2018 due to allegations of cheating.
Tom McCarthy played Michael the Robot, while screenwriter Tim Herlihy played a Defense Secretary. Sandler's wife Jackie played President's Assistant Jennifer, while their children appear elsewhere in the film: Sadie plays Cooper's sister at the lemonade stand, and Sunny plays a Scout Girl. Jared, Sandler's nephew, plays a White House Junior Aide, Producer Allen Covert plays an abusive citizen, while his kids Hannah and Abigail plays an Arcader Choir Girl and another Classroom Scout Girl. Kevin James's children Sienna and Shea Joelle play other Classroom Scout Girls.
The film is based on Patrick Jean's video-game-themed short film, Pixels. Adam Sandler hired Tim Herlihy to write the film, a draft that Herlihy had said that everybody at the studio "hated". Eventually he and Sandler came up with the concept of having Kevin James be the President of the United States and rewrote the film incorporating this element. In July 2012, Tim Dowling was hired to rewrite the film. Seth Gordon was attached as executive producer and possibly direct the film. Chris Columbus became involved in the project in May 2013. Columbus said he first met Sandler to discuss a possible remake of Hello Ghost, and as he left the meeting, the director was handed a script for Pixels. The script affected Columbus, who considered it "one of the most original ideas I had seen since the Amblin days" and a good opportunity to harken back to the 1980s comedies he worked in. Characters from classic arcade games such as Space Invaders, Pac-Man, Frogger, Galaga and Donkey Kong, among several others, were licensed for use in the film.
On February 26, 2014, it was announced that Sandler would play the lead role in the film, while James and Josh Gad were in early talks to join the cast. On March 28, Peter Dinklage was also in final talks to join the film, playing the fourth and final male lead. Jennifer Aniston was originally considered for the female lead, but declined due to scheduling conflicts. On April 4, Michelle Monaghan joined the film to star as the female lead. James plays the U.S. president, who teams up with Sandler's character, a former champion, to save the planet. Gad plays a conspiracy-theory-obsessed genius with bad social skills, Dinklage is Sandler's character's brash former video game-playing nemesis, and Monaghan plays a weapons developer for the military and a love interest for Sandler. On June 11, Brian Cox joined the cast, and plays military heavyweight Admiral Porter. The part of "Lady Lisa", a beautiful warrior from the fictional 1980s video game Dojo Quest, was offered to Elisha Cuthbert, but she turned down the role, which went to Ashley Benson. On July 9, Jane Krakowski joined the cast as the First Lady.
In a May 2015 interview, competitive gamer Billy Mitchell, after whom Dinklage's character is modeled, acknowledged that the character was based on him and expressed approval of the casting, calling Dinklage "a good actor" and "a good guy".
On March 25, 2014, the Ontario Media Development Corporation confirmed that the film would be shot in Toronto from May 28 to September 9 at Pinewood Toronto Studios. Principal photography on the film commenced in Toronto, Ontario on June 2, 2014, using downtown streets decorated to resemble New York City. Given sequences such as the Pac-Man chase happened at night, often the filmmakers would close the streets off from traffic at 7 PM, and redecorate to resemble New York until it was dark enough, filming from 9:30 PM up to 5:30 AM. On July 29, filming was taking place outside of Markham, Ontario. Filming was also done in the Rouge Park area, and extras were dressing in costume at Markham's Rouge Valley Mennonite Church. On August 4, actors Josh Gad, Peter Dinklage and Ashley Benson were spotted in Toronto filming scenes for the film on Bay Street, which was transformed into a city block in Washington, D.C., and littered with wrecked vehicles and giant holes in the pavement. The Ontario Government Buildings was doubled to transform into a federal office building in Washington. Actors were aiming at aliens, which could not be seen, but were added later with computer-generated imagery.
Most of the visual effects for Pixels were handled by Digital Domain and Sony Pictures Imageworks, with nine other VFX companies playing supporting roles, all under the leadership of supervisor Matthew Butler and producer Denise Davis. Early tests began in October 2013, with the majority of the effects work starting after principal photography wrapped in September 2014, and finishing by June 2015. The video game characters would be built out of boxy voxels to resemble the low resolution pixel-based arcades, while also emitting light and having raster scan defects in its animation to appear more like they came from a CRT monitor. Along with the actual sprite sheets, a major inspiration to build the 3D versions was the cabinet art, where Imageworks visual effects supervisor Daniel Kramer considered that "was the intention the game creators wanted their technology to be, but the technology couldn't live up to creating that." The most complex characters to model were Q*Bert, which interacted the most with humans and had the problem of looking round despite being built out of cubes, and Donkey Kong, who the animators wanted to make sure remained recognizable even in different angles.
The score was composed by Henry Jackman, who also composed music for the Disney video-game-themed computer-animated film Wreck-It Ralph (2012). In June 2015, Waka Flocka Flame released a single entitled "Game On", featuring Good Charlotte, which serves as part of the film's soundtrack. The song, "We Will Rock You" by Queen (which is remixed by Helmut VonLichten in 2012) was heard during the film's Donkey Kong scenes.
The film was originally scheduled to be released on May 15, 2015, but on August 12, 2014, the release date was pushed to July 24, 2015. In the United States and Canada, it was released in the Dolby Vision format in Dolby Cinema, which is the first film by Sony to ever be released in that format. It was released in China on September 15, 2015.[dead link]
The first trailer was released on March 19, 2015 and received 34.3 million global views in 24 hours, breaking Sony's previous record held by The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (22 million views in 2014). The second trailer was released on June 13, 2015. Upon release of the trailer, fans of the TV series Futurama noted similarities between a 2002 episode of the show and the trailer. Fans said the events and characters in the episode, "Anthology of Interest II", are strikingly similar to those in the trailer.
Sony created an "Electric Dreams Factory Arcade" with many of the arcade games featured in the film for various fan conventions, such as the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con and the 2015 Wizard World Philadelphia. In Brazil, a promotional video was released on July 2, 2015, showing Adam Sandler interacting with Monica and Jimmy Five from local comic Monica's Gang.
Copyright takedown controversy
Columbia Pictures hired Entura International to send Digital Millennium Copyright Act takedown notices to websites hosting user-uploaded videos of the film. The company proceeded to file DMCA takedown notices indiscriminately against several Vimeo videos containing the word "Pixels" in the title, including the 2010 award-winning short film the film is based on, the official film trailer, a 2006 independently produced Cypriot film uploaded by the Independent Museum of Contemporary Art, a 2010 university work by a student of the Bucharest National University of Arts, a royalty-free stock footage clip and an independently produced project. The takedown notice sent by Entura stated that the works infringe a copyright they had the right to enforce, and once the notice was made public, it was withdrawn.
Pixels grossed $78.7 million in North America and $164.9 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $244.9 million. The production budget of the film was $129 million, although The Hollywood Reporter said the film cost $110 million. The film received rebates of $19 million for filming in Canada. Additionally another $57 million was spent on prints and advertising.[dead link] Documents revealed in the Sony Pictures hack revealed the budget was $129,669,659.
In the United States and Canada, Pixels opened alongside Paper Towns, Southpaw and The Vatican Tapes, across 3,723 theaters. Box office pundits noted that the film's release date caused it to face competition with the first former film and along with the holdovers Ant-Man and Minions, all of which were projected to earn around $20 million. However, some analysts suggested the film could open to as high as $30 million and if it failed to hit $30 million, it could have difficulty being profitable unless it earned a significant audience abroad. It made $1.5 million from its Thursday night showings at 2,776 theaters, and topped the box office on its opening day, earning $9.2 million. Through its opening weekend it grossed $24 million from 3,723 theaters, debuting at second place at the box office, behind Ant-Man.
Outside North America, Pixels opened in the same weekend as its U.S. premiere in 56 countries — which is about 40% of its total foreign market — and grossed $26 million in its opening weekend from 7,594 screens. It added 18 new countries in its second weekend grossing $19.29 million from almost 8,966 screens in 74 territories. It debuted at No. 1 in 23 of the 56 countries and had the biggest opening of all time for Sony in Argentina ($2.3 million) with other notable openings in Mexico ($3.54 million), Brazil ($3.12 million), Germany ($2.5 million) and Russia and the CIS ($2.5 million). It opened in South Korea on Thursday, July 16, 2015, earning an estimated $3.3 million on its opening weekend, debuting at third place behind Pixar's animated film Inside Out and local film Northern Limit Line. It has so far grossed a total of $4.8 million there. It opened in the United Kingdom with $4.2 million (including previews) topping the box office. Pixels opened in China on September 15, earning $11.2 million in its first six days. In total earnings, its largest market outside of the U.S. and Canada are China ($15.3 million), the United Kingdom ($12.8 million), Mexico ($12 million), Germany ($10.2 million) and Venezuela ($10.1 million).
Pixels met with negative reviews. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 17% based on 189 reviews; the average rating is 3.9/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Much like the worst arcade games from the era that inspired it, Pixels has little replay value and is hardly worth a quarter." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 27 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one star out of four, calling it "a 3D metaphor for Hollywood's digital assault on our eyes and brains" and deeming it "relentless and exhausting". In Salon.com, Andrew O'Hehir called the film "another lazy Adam Sandler exercise in 80s Nostalgia", as well as "an overwhelmingly sad experience" characterized by "soul-sucking emptiness". The Guardian called it "casually sexist, awkwardly structured, bro-centric" and warned, "Pity the poor souls who go into the comedy blockbuster thinking they've signed up to watch The Lego Movie by way of Independence Day. They'll be disappointed". Joe Neumaier of the New York Daily News gave the film no stars and wrote: "Someone please retire Adam Sandler. Pixels is the last straw for this has-been. . . . Every joke is forced, every special effect is un-special. . . . The dipstick Pixels is about as much fun as a joystick and not even half as smart". "It manages to achieve the weird effect of feeling overlong and choppy at the same time, like someone edited the film with a pair of garden shears," wrote Randy Cordova in The Arizona Republic. Kyle Smith wrote in the New York Post that Pixels is "as adolescent as a zit" with jokes "as fresh as the antique store".
"Everything is wrong here," wrote Megan Garber in The Atlantic Monthly, "cinematically, creatively, maybe even morally. Because Pixels is one of those bad movies that isn't just casually bad, or shoot-the-moon bad, or too-close-to-the-sun bad, or actually kind of delightfully bad. It is tediously bad. It is bafflingly bad. It is, in its $90 million budget and 104-minute run time, wastefully bad. Its badness seems to come not from failure in the classic sense—a goal set, and unachieved—but from something much worse: laziness. Ambivalence. A certain strain of cinematic nihilism". Peter Sobczynski, writing for RogerEbert.com, called the premise promising but the execution "abysmal."
Conversely, Katie Walsh, reviewing for the Chicago Tribune, was more positive, saying "despite [its] unfortunate shortcomings, Pixels has its funny and fresh moments, thanks in large part to the supporting comic actors and inventive special effects". According to a B+ review by Lights Camera Jackson, "Pixels is one of the most original and enjoyable movies of the year ... a smart and often very funny summer action comedy."
|Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Picture||Adam Sandler, Chris Columbus, Mark Radcliffe, Allen Covert||Nominated|||
|Worst Actor||Adam Sandler||Nominated|||
|Worst Supporting Actor||Josh Gad||Nominated|||
|Worst Supporting Actress||Michelle Monaghan||Nominated|||
|Worst Screenplay||Tim Herlihy and Timothy Dowling||Nominated|||
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Summer Movie Star: Male||Adam Sandler||Nominated|||
- Chang, Justin (July 22, 2015). "Film Review: 'Pixels'". Variety. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "Pixels (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. July 14, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- "Pixels (2015)". British Film Institute. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- FilmL.A. (June 15, 2016). "2015 Feature Film Study" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Pixels (2015)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- Sneider, Jeff (May 30, 2013). "Chris Columbus in Talks to Direct 'Pixels' for Sandler and Sony". thewrap.com. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Sam Machkovech (August 10, 2015). "DMCA takedown laser brings down Vimeo videos with "Pixels" in title". Ars Technica.
The Internet didn't really need another reason to hate July's critically panned Columbia Pictures film Pixels, but it got one in the form of a sketchy DMCA takedown. The request comes from a copyright troll, and it's directed at a number of videos hosted on Vimeo.
- Sneider, Jeff (February 26, 2014). "Adam Sandler to Star in Sony's Big-Budget Video Game Movie 'Pixels'". thewrap.com. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Kit, Borys (April 4, 2014). "Michelle Monaghan Joining Adam Sandler in 'Pixels'". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- "Game of Thrones' Star Peter Dinklage Joins Cast of Adam Sandler's 'Pixels'". variety.com. March 28, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- "New Pixels Promo Arrives Online | Movie News | Empire". Empireonline.com. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Donkey Kong scoreboard strips Billy Mitchell's high score claims". arstechnica.com. February 3, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
- Abramovitch, Seth (June 11, 2014). "Brian Cox Joins Cast of Adam Sandler's 'Pixels'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Yamato, Jen (January 1, 1970). "'30 Rock's Jane Krakowski Joins Adam Sandler Sci-Fi Comedy 'Pixels'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- Sneider, Jeff (July 1, 2014). "'Pretty Little Liars' Star Ashley Benson Joins Adam Sandler in 'Pixels'". thewrap.com. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Katey Rich. "Pixels and Adam Sandler Have Killed the Boys-Only Summer Blockbuster - Vanity Fair". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "Pixels gives Pac-Man creator his moment of fame". Cult of Mac.
- "'Pixels' Is This Summer's Unsung Masterpiece*". Pajiba. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "New Pixels Promo Arrives Online | Movie News | Empire". Empire. May 19, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- Crecente, Brian (April 12, 2018). "'King of Kong' Star Stripped of High Scores, Banned From Competition".
- Fleming Jr, Mike (May 12, 2010). "Sony, Happy Madison Playing With Viral Sensation 'Pixels'". Deadline Hollywood (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Kit, Borys (November 10, 2010). "Happy Madison Hires Writer for 'Pixels' Feature". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- Hogan, Brianne (July 27, 2015). "Pixels: Baking Comedy into the Characters". CreativeScreenwriting.com. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
- Sneider, Jeff (July 16, 2012). "Tim Dowling to rewrite vidgame-themed 'Pixels'". variety.com. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Chris Columbus Interview: Pixels, Return Of Amblin, John Hughes and More". Slashfilm.
- Graser, Marc (July 22, 2014). "Pac-Man, Donkey Kong Among '80s Video Game Icons to Appear in Adam Sandler's 'Pixels'". Variety. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Baldwin, Clare and Kristina Cooke. "Special Report: How Sony sanitized Adam Sandler movie to please Chinese censors" (Archive). Reuters. Friday July 24, 2015. Retrieved on July 26, 2015.
- "Adam Sandler and Jennifer Aniston to Make Beautiful 'Pixels' Together? - The Moviefone Blog". News.moviefone.com. February 26, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Quotes by Elisha Cuthbert". UberQuotes. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Pixels Pacman - Billy Mitchell Interview. YouTube. May 25, 2015.
- "Listing of productions shooting or about to shoot around Ontario, including locations in Hamilton,Ontario". omdc.on.ca. Archived from the original on July 31, 2015. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Vlessing, Etan (March 25, 2014). "Sony's Video Game Movie 'Pixels' to Shoot in Toronto". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Christine (June 3, 2014). "Adam Sandler begins filming in 'Pixels' in Toronto". onlocationvacations.com. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Vincent Frei. "PIXELS: Marten Larsson – VFX Supervisor – Digital Domain". ArtOfVFX.com.
- Joseph, Simone (July 29, 2014). "Adam Sandler filming movie near Markham". yorkregion.com. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- R. Kennedy, John (August 4, 2014). "PHOTOS: Josh Gad, Peter Dinklage on Toronto set of 'Pixels'". globalnews.ca. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "King Street closed for filming of 'Pixels' movie in Cobourg". northumberlandnews.com. August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Michelle Monaghan: My leading men are magic!". film-news.co.uk. October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "Pixels: thinking outside the voxel". FXGuide.com.
- ""Pixels" - VFX Q&A". Cinefex Blog.
- Clark, Trent. "Waka Flocka Flame & Good Charlotte Go Half On Pixels: The Movie Theme Song". HipHopWired.com. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Bahr, Lindsey (July 18, 2014). "Adam Sandler, Josh Gad, and Peter Dinklage battle Pac-Man in 'Pixels'". ew.com. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- Lee, Ashley (April 28, 2014). "Adam Sandler's 'Pixels' Gets July 2015 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Sony Delays Adam Sandler's 'Pixels', Moves Up Brad Pitt's 'Fury'". Deadline Hollywood. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- Carolyn Giardina (July 22, 2015). "'Hunger Games,' 'Pixels,' 'Everest' Among Upcoming Dolby Cinema Titles". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- "'China Box Office Weekend Report: 'Minions' Edges Out 'Mission: Impossible'; 'Pixels' Freezes On Slow Weekend". BoxOffice Pro. (BoxOffice® Media, LLC.). September 22, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Dave McNarry (March 19, 2015). "Adam Sandler's 'Pixels' Trailer Gets Record 34 Million Views". Variety. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Erik Pederson (March 17, 2015). "'Pixels' Trailer: First Look At Adam Sandler Pic Heralds An 8-Bit Invasion". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Doré, Louis. June 9, 2015, The Independent, "Adam Sandler new movie Pixels reported to bear eerie similarities to a 2002 Futurama episode ".
- Thier, Dave. July 23, 2015, Forbes, "Reminder: 'Pixels' Lifted Its Entire Plot From An Episode Of 'Futurama'".
- "Columbia Pictures is Bringing a Pixels Arcade to Comic-Con". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Aline Bonatto (July 2, 2015). "Adam Sandler se junta à 'Turma da Mônica' para divulgar 'Pixels'". Extra. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
- "Anti-Piracy Group Hits Indie Creators for Using the Word 'Pixels'". TorrentFreak. August 8, 2015.
- "DMCA (Copyright) Complaint to Vimeo". ChillingEffects.org.
- "Videos taken down from Vimeo for using the word 'Pixels'". CNET. CBS Interactive.
- "Vimeo Intervenes to Fix 'Pixels' DMCA Disaster". TorrentFreak.
- "Pixels Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Blu ray and DVD sales". The Numbers.com. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "Box Office: 'Pixels' Continues Adam Sandler's Losing Streak in the U.S." The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "'Pixels' Boxoffice data". pro.boxoffice.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "WikiLeaks - Sony Archives". wikileaks.org.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (July 20, 2015). "'Ant-Man' & 'Minions' Smaller In Actuals; 'Trainwreck' Starts To Party – Weekend Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Pamela McClintock (July 21, 2015). "Box-Office Preview: 'Pixels,' 'Paper Towns' Prepare for Battle With 'Ant-Man,' 'Minions'". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (July 21, 2015). "'Pixels', 'Paper Towns' & 'Southpaw' Vie For A Variety Of Demos – Box Office Preview". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Brent Lang (July 21, 2015). "Box Office: 'Pixels,' 'Paper Towns' Jump Into Crowded Summer Field". Variety. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Dave McNarry (July 24, 2015). "Box Office: 'Paper Towns' Tops 'Pixels' With $2 Million on Thursday Night". Variety. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- Pamela McClintock and Rebecca Ford (July 24, 2015). "Box Office: 'Pixels' in Trouble; 'Southpaw' Could Beat 'Paper Towns'". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (July 25, 2015). "Adam Sandler Wins Friday, But 'Ant-Man' Will Punch 'Pixels' Out Of No. 1 Spot – Late Night B.O. Update". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Pamela McClintock (July 26, 2015). "Box Office: 'Pixels,' 'Paper Towns' Stall; 'Southpaw' Overperforms". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Nancy Tartaglione (July 27, 2015). "'Minions', 'Ant-Man' Grow In Actuals; 'Pixels' Powered By Latin America – Intl B.O. Final". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- Nancy Tartaglione (August 3, 2015). "'Rogue Nation' Puts Cruise In Control At $64.5M Offshore; Sets Career & 'M:I' Franchise Bests – Intl Box Office Final". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Lee Hyo-won (July 20, 2015). "South Korea Box Office: 'Inside Out' Rises to Top, 'Pixels' Debuts in Third Spot". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (July 25, 2015). "'Pixels' Chomps Abroad; Hits Records For Sony & Sandler In Argentina, France– Overseas B.O. Update". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Nancy Tartaglione (August 16, 2015). "'Rogue Nation' Revs Up $46M More; 'Man From U.N.C.L.E.' Spies $12M; 'Brothers' Shows Muscle – Intl B.O. Update". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- Patrick Brzeski (September 21, 2015). "China Box Office: 'Mission: Impossible' Narrowly Tops 'Minions,' 'Pixels' Fizzles". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
- "Pixels (2015) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "Pixels (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- "Pixels Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- Peter Travis (July 23, 2015). "Movie Review: Pixels". Rolling Stone. (Jann Wenner). Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- O'Hehir, Andrew (July 22, 2015). "The soul-sucking emptiness of "Pixels": Donkey Kong is the least of humanity's worries in Adam Sandler's latest desperate quest". Salon.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Nigel M. Smith (July 24, 2015). "Pixels review – just another Adam Sandler movie, despite impressive CGI | Film". The Guardian. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Neumaier, Joe (July 22, 2015). "'Pixels' review: Adam Sandler's video-game adventure with Kevin James and Peter Dinklage scores zero". NY Daily News. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Cordova, Randy (July 23, 2015). "Review: 'Pixels' an uneven ode to '80s video games". Azcentral.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Smith, Kyle (July 23, 2015). "Thanks to 'Pixels,' it's game over for Adam Sandler's career". nypost.com. New York Post. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Garber, Megan (July 24, 2015). "Movie Review: 'Pixels,' Starring Adam Sandler, Kevin James, Michelle Monaghan, Josh Gad, and Peter Dinklage". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Sobczynski, Peter. "Pixels Movie Review & Film Summary (2015) | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Walsh, Katie (July 23, 2015). "'Pixels' review: Supporting cast, effects help gaming movie". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- Murphy, Jackson (2015). "Pixels (PG-13) B+". Lights Camera Jackson. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- CS (February 27, 2016). "Razzie Awards 2016 Winners Announced". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Johnson, Zach (July 8, 2015). "Teen Choice Awards 2015 Nominees: Wave 2 Revealed!". E! Online. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Pixels (2015 film)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pixels (2015 film).|