Piyale Pasha Mosque
|Piyale Pasha Mosque|
|Length||30.5 metres (100 feet) (prayer hall)|
|Width||19.5 metres (64 feet)|
|Dome height (outer)||22.2 metres (73 feet)|
|Dome dia. (inner)||9.1 metres (30 feet)|
The Piyale Pasha Mosque (Ottoman Turkish: پیاله پاشا جامع Piyale Paşa Camii), also known as the Tersane Mosque (literally: Arsenal Mosque), is a 16th-century Ottoman mosque located in the Kasımpaşa neighborhood of Beyoğlu district in Istanbul, Turkey.
Unlike other mosques designed by Sinan that have a large central dome, the Piyale Pasha Mosque is constructed with six identical domes, arranged as two rows of three, each with a diameter of about 9 m (30 ft). It is one of only two mosques in Istanbul with multiple domes, the other being Vasat Atik Ali Pasha Mosque. The domes are supported in the center of the prayer hall by a pair of slender granite pillars. The minaret is placed in the centre of the anti-qibla wall. It was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century. Around three walls of the interior are a row of Iznik tiles with inscriptions in a white thuluth script on a cobalt-blue background. The interior walls are now whitewashed but they were originally decorated. The stained-glass in the windows of the qibla wall is not original.
The domed octagonal mausoleum to the northwest of the mosque contains the tomb of Piyale Pasha together with those of his sons and daughters. Altogether there are thirteen sarcophagi. His wife, Gevherhan Sultan (daughter of Selim II), remarried and is entombed in Selim II's mausoleum next to Hagia Sophia.
A number of identical Iznik tiled lunette panels that are now on display in the Musée du Louvre in Paris, the Museu Calouste Gulbenkian in Lisbon[a] and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London are believed to have been removed from the Piyale Pasha Mosque in the 19th century. The panels would have been placed above the lower row of windows. Another possibility is that the lunette tiles came from a now demolished kiosk that was associated with the mosque. Two tiles from another lunette panel and a pair of tiles that probably came from the mihrab were sold at auction by Christie's in 2004.
- The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum owns a second panel that is not on display.
- Necipoğlu 2005, p. 424.
- Necipoğlu 2005, p. 426.
- Necipoğlu 2005, pp. 426-427.
- Inv. no. OA 7508, Paris: Musée du Louvre, retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Inv. no. OA 7509, Paris: Musée du Louvre, retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Inv. no. 1598B, Lisbon: Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, retrieved 12 January 2015.
- Queiroz Ribeiro 2009, p. 108.
- Inv. no. 1889:1 to 16-1897, London: Victoria and Albert Museum, retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Denny 2004, pp. 208, 213.
- Denny 2005, p. 154.
- Sale 6895 Lot 326: Two Iznik polychrome pottery tiles, London: Christie’s auction house, 27 April 2004, retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Sale 6895 Lot 241: Two Iznik pottery half tiles, London: Christie’s auction house, 27 April 2004, retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Denny, Walter B. (2004). Iznik: the artistry of Ottoman ceramics. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-51192-3.
- Denny, Walter B. (2005). "Dispersed Ottoman unified-field tile panels" (PDF). Benaki Museum Journal. 4, 2004: 149–157. ISSN 2407-9502.
- Necipoğlu, Gülru (2005). The Age of Sinan: Architectural Culture in the Ottoman Empire. London: Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-1-86189-253-9.
- Queiroz Ribeiro, Maria (2009). Iznik pottery and tiles in the Calouste Gulbenkian collection. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. ISBN 978-972-8848-58-3.
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