Place du Luxembourg

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Place du Luxembourg (French) Luxemburgplein (Dutch)
Place du Luxembourg, view facing toward town, away from the European Parliament
Location Brussels, Belgium
Quarter Leopold Quarter
Coordinates 50°50′21″N 04°22′21″E / 50.83917°N 4.37250°E / 50.83917; 4.37250Coordinates: 50°50′21″N 04°22′21″E / 50.83917°N 4.37250°E / 50.83917; 4.37250
Completion c. 1861

The Place du Luxembourg (French) or Luxemburgplein (Dutch) is a square in the European Quarter of Brussels (Belgium).[1] It is better known by local European bureaucrats and journalists by one of its nicknames, "Place Lux" or "Plux".


The square consists largely of restaurants and bars which dominate the wide pavements, with some banks and other retail services, serving the employees and members of the neighbouring European Parliament as well as the other European Institutions and associated organisations which are mostly located close by.[2]

In the centre of the square is a statue of John Cockerill, a prominent British-Belgian 19th century industrialist, which is a copy of the statue outside Seraing town hall in Liège. The figure of Cockerill is leaning against an anvil and surrounded by an industrial figures from period: a glassmaker, a mechanic, a puddler and a miner. Cockerill's motto, Work and Intelligence, are engraved upon the statue.[1]


The Place du Luxembourg was a central feature of the Leopold Quarter, an area developed in the first few decades after the Belgian Revolution, and the most prestigious residential area in the capital for the bulk of the 19th century. The district had been designed in the 1830s, but the original design did not include provisions for a train station. When the new "Gare du Quartier Leopold" station was built in 1854, architect Antoine Trappeniers was commissioned to draw up plans for a large public square leading to the station building. Rue de Luxembourg/Luxemburgstraat was then in an embryonic state, and the square was created as its end point. The square was designed in a neo-classical style. It was designed to be as symmetrical as possible. Construction was carried out primarily between 1855 and 1861. The square was popular among merchants and restaurant and cafe owners due to its proximity to the station. One house on the corner of Rue d'Arlon/Aarlenstraat was at one time the home of Auguste Beernaert, Prime Minister of Belgium from 1884–1894.[3]

The square is a popular after-work meeting place in the European quarter.

The station was the central feature of the square for much of its existence. However, with the construction of the Espace Leopold (which now houses the European Parliament) starting in 1989, the character of the square changed significantly. Designs changed frequently, amidst much legal and political wrangling, but ultimately the tracks of the previously open air station were covered over by the flagstone mall that is now seen outside the parliament. The bulk of the station building itself was torn down in 2004, and rebuilt underground, leaving only the central entrance which now serves as an information office. By 2008 the European Parliament complex was complete.[3]

Residents' associations and cultural heritage promoters have been critical of many aspects of the construction of the parliament and redesign of the train station. Some believe that the scale of the complex is simply too large for the area, and that efforts have not been adequate to integrate it with its largely neo-classical surroundings. While many have praised the originality and professionalism of the design of the buildings, the design has also faced criticism for being too large, cold, and remote.[4]

In recent years, Place du Luxembourg has become a hotspot for afterwork nightlife activity, primarily on Thursday and Friday nights. The square is colloquially known as 'Plux'. The trash left on the square by the Thursday night revellers has become an irritant for local residents, and Brussels politicians have threatened to shut down the party.[5]

View facing east towards Parliament.


View facing east towards Parliament, the alignment of the statue, station and Parliament's assembly building is a popular photographers shot

Directly behind the statue on the eastern side of the square is the square's principle structure. The former entrance to Quarter Leopold Station (now the subterranean Brussels-Luxembourg Station with its entrance moved east) is a listed building and was taken over by the European Parliament and Belgian authorities as a joint information office and museum.[1] It now houses the "infopoint" of the Parliament.

The building forms part of Parliament's Espace Léopold[1] (the complex of Parliamentary buildings in Brussels) along with two new buildings either side which border the square. The whole complex of Parliamentary buildings dominate the eastern view of the square, with the dome of Parliament's Paul-Henri Spaak building mirroring the clock at the top of the station facade – creating a popular shot of Parliament from the square. Openings each side of the old station building lead directly to the Esplanade of the European Parliament, the pedestrian mall running the length of Parliament.


In plans to rebuild parts of the Brussels European Quarter, Luxembourg square would become one of three main pedestrian squares, each focusing on a different theme. Due to Luxembourg's proximity to the Parliament, Luxembourg Square would focus on citizens.[6] Also planned is the potential clearing of space between Rue d’Arlon/Aarlenstraat and Rue de Trêves/Trierstraat for a new square,[6] possibly as a long extension of Luxembourg Square creating a vast boulevard like public space.[7] The Brussels transportation authority, STIB has provisional plans to build a metro extension with a stop on the square at the Gare de Luxembourg.[8] In 2011 plans were announced in partnership between the municipality of Ixelles and the EP to try to reduce the "mess" left by revellers on busy nights, which the local authority deemed to be "totally unacceptable."[2]

Map of the square
AXA ~Rue d'Arlon Fortis Ralph's Bar Le Pullman The Grapevine Coco Quarter Leopold Le London Exki ~Rue de Treves EP
Tout Bon  
~Rue Luxembourg
Shop'n go  
Marie Haps Swiss representation EPPA SA   Ketje Fat Boy's The Beer Factory

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, capital of Europe. S. Strange (trans.). Brussels: Badeaux. pp. 423–5. ISBN 2-9600414-2-9. 
  2. ^ a b Banks, Martin. "EU parliament targeted in clean-up campaign". The Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, capital of Europe. S. Strange (trans.). Brussels: Badeaux. pp. 49–57. ISBN 2-9600414-2-9. 
  4. ^ Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, capital of Europe. S. Strange (trans.). Brussels: Badeaux. pp. 377–378. ISBN 2-9600414-2-9. 
  5. ^ Keating, Dave (13 June 2013). "Not the place to be". European Voice. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Clerbaux, Bruno. "The European Quarter today: Assessment and prospects" (PDF). European Council of Spatial Planners. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  7. ^ "Bruxelles et l'UE prépare un grand lifting pour la rue de la Loi". RTL. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2008-08-23. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "STIB 2020 Plan: Étendre le réseau de manière à mieux couvrir la demande (pdf)" (PDF) (in French). 2004.