|San Miguel County and the state of Colorado|
|Elevation||7,320 ft (2,230 m)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0204743|
Placerville was originally established as a small mining camp, named after the placer gold mines located on the San Miguel River and Leopard Creek. The location became known as Old Placerville after the Rio Grande Southern Railroad constructed a depot and several passing sidings west of the original settlement, calling it Placerville.
A. B. Frenzel discovered vanadium-bearing sandstone near Placerville in the late 1890s. The ore was in strataform bodies in the Entrada Sandstone (Jurassic) east of the town. The principal mineral was roscoelite, with minor montroseite and carnotite. By the fall of 1899, development was described as "of the most superficial character," although Frenzel had driven one tunnel 18 feet into the rock. By 1901-1902, Frenzel was excavating several thousand tons intended for shipment to Europe. Most of the Placerville ore was less than 3% vanadium, too low grade to pay for shipment to Europe, so in 1905 the Vanadium Alloys Co. built an ore-processing mill southeast of Placerville to recover the metal as ferro-vanadium, which it sold. At least five mines were active at one time, and by 1919 the two ore mills at Placerville were producing 30% of the world's vanadium. Through 1940, the mines produced about 3.7 million pounds of vanadium.
Although carnotite was recognized as a minor constituent of the ore since its discovery, the amount was small, and no assays were made of the uranium content of the ore until World War II. Beginning about 1950, the small uranium content of the ore was also recovered from the ore.
Placerville is located at(38.016722,-108.053799).
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- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- F. L. Ransome, Occurrence of the uranium and vanadium ores, American Journal of Science, Aug 1900, v.10, n.56, p.121-127.
- Harry E. Lee (1903) Report of the Colorado State Bureau of Mines for the Years 1901-1902, p.201.
- Frank L. Hess (1913) Notes on the vanadium deposits near Placerville, Colorado, in Contributions to Economic Geology, 1911, US Geological Survey, Bulletin 530, p.142-156.
- William L. Chenowith (1980) Uranium in Colorado, in Colorado Geology, Denver: Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p.217.
- R.P. Fischer and others (1947) Vanadium deposits near Placerville, San Miguel County, Colorado, Colorado Scientific Society Proceedings, v.15 n.3, p.120.
- A.L. Bush and others (1959) Areal geology of the Placerville Quadrangle, San Miguel County, Colorado, US Geological Survey, Bulletin 1072-E, p.373.
- R.P. Fischer (1968) Vanadium deposits of the Placerville area, San Miguel County, Colorado, in San Juan-San Miguel-La Plata Region, New Mexico and Colorado, New Mexico Geological Society, p.100-103.