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Original author(s)Vertex.AI
Initial release20 October 2017; 16 months ago (2017-10-20) [1]
Operating systemLinux,[2]
Mac OS,[2]
Microsoft Windows [2]
LicenseApache License 2.0 [2]

PlaidML is a portable tensor compiler. Tensor compilers bridge the gap between the universal mathematical descriptions of deep learning operations, such as convolution, and the platform and chip specific code needed to perform those operations with good performance. Internally, PlaidML makes use of the Tile programming language [3] to generate OpenCL, OpenGL, LLVM, or CUDA code. It enables deep learning on devices where the available computing hardware is either not well supported or the available software stack contains only proprietary components. For example, it does not require the usage of CUDA or cuDNN on Nvidia hardware, while achieving comparable performance[citation needed].

PlaidML supports the machine learning libraries Keras, ONNX, and nGraph.


In August 2018 Intel acquired Vertex.AI, a startup whose mission statement was “deep learning for every platform”.[4] Intel released PlaidML as free software under to the terms of the Apache Licence (version 2.0) to improve compatibility with nGraph, TensorFlow, and other ecosystem software.


  1. ^ @plaidml (20 October 2017). "Hello world! We're live on GitHub and PyPI. Open source deep learning for any GPU. #OpenCL #Keras" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  2. ^ a b c d PlaidML Github page
  3. ^ The Tile programming language
  4. ^ Press statement concerning the acquisition of Vertex.AI

External links[edit]