Plains Apache language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Plains Apache
Kiowa Apache
Native to United States
Region Primarily Oklahoma
Extinct 2008?[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 apk
Glottolog kiow1264[1]

The Plains Apache language (or Kiowa Apache) is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Plains Apache peoples living primarily in central Oklahoma.

Plains Apache is most closely related to other Southern Athabaskan languages like Navajo, Chiricahua Apache, Mescalero Apache, Lipan Apache, Western Apache, and Jicarilla Apache. Plains Apache is the most divergent member of the subfamily. The language is extremely endangered with perhaps only one or two native speaking elders. Alfred Chalepah, Jr., who might have been the last native speaker, died in 2008.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kiowa Apache". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 


  • Bittle, William E. (n.d.). Plains Apache field notes. (Unpublished manuscript).
  • Bittle, William E. (1956). The position of Kiowa-Apache in the Apachean group. (Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles).
  • Bittle, William E. (1963). Kiowa-Apache. In H. Hoijer (Ed.), Studies in Athabaskan languages (pp. 76–101). University of California publications in linguistics (No. 29). Berkeley: University of California Press.