Plains leopard frog
|Plains leopard frog|
(Mecham et al., 1973)
The Plains leopard frog grows from 2.0 to 4.3 in (5.1 to 10.9 cm) in length, and is typically brown in color. Their common name originates from the distinctive irregular, dark colored spotting on their backs. They have long, powerful legs, and are capable of leaping great distances.
Although found throughout semiarid regions, the Plains leopard frog is almost always found in or very near permanent water sources, such as streams, creeks, and ponds. They are nocturnal, and primarily insectivorous, though they will eat almost anything they can overpower and swallow, including other frogs. They are shy animals, often fleeing beneath the water if approached.
The Plains leopard frog, as its name implies, is found throughout the Great Plains of the United States, from Indiana west across central and southern plains to South Dakota, south to Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, with a disjunct population in Arizona.
The Plains leopard frog Frog is fairly common throughout its range, and holds no special conservation status, except in the state of Indiana, where it is endangered. This is probably because of the use of fertilizers and pesticides in farms located near this frog's habitats.
- David M. Hillis (2007). "Constraints in naming parts of the Tree of Life" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 42 (2): 331–338. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.001. PMID 16997582.
- David M. Hillis & Thomas P. Wilcox (2005). "Phylogeny of the New World true frogs (Rana)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 34 (2): 299–314. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.007. PMID 15619443.
- Indiana Legislative Services Agency (2011), "312 IAC 9-5-4: Endangered species of reptiles and amphibians", Indiana Administrative Code, retrieved 28 April 2012
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- Amphibian Species of the World: Lithobates blairi
- Animal Diversity Web: Lithobates blairi
- Hillis, D. M.; Frost, J. S.; Wright, D. A. (1983). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the Rana pipiens complex: A biochemical evaluation". Systematic Zoology. 32 (2): 132–143. doi:10.2307/2413277. JSTOR 2413277.
- Hillis, D. M. (1988). "Systematics of the Rana pipiens complex: Puzzle and paradigm". Annual Review of Systematics and Ecology. 19: 39–63. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.19.110188.000351.