Plainview, Texas

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Plainview Texas
City
Hale County Plainview.svg
Plainview Texas is located in Texas
Plainview Texas
Plainview Texas
Location of Plainview, Texas
Coordinates: 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889Coordinates: 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Hale
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Wendell Dunlap
Charles Starnes
Larry Williams
Norma Juarez
Teressa King
Susan Blackerby
John Gatica
Oliver Aldape
 • City Manager Jeffrey Snyder
Area
 • Total 13.8 sq mi (35.7 km2)
 • Land 13.8 sq mi (35.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 22,194
 • Density 1,621.0/sq mi (621.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 79072-79073
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-57980[1]
GNIS feature ID 1365375[2]
Website www.ci.plainview.tx.us

Plainview is a city in and the county seat of Hale County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 22,194 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Plainview is located at 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889 (34.191204, -101.718806)[4] and is located on the Llano Estacado.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.8 square miles (36 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Plainview has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,829
1920 3,989 41.0%
1930 8,834 121.5%
1940 8,263 −6.5%
1950 14,044 70.0%
1960 18,735 33.4%
1970 19,096 1.9%
1980 22,187 16.2%
1990 21,700 −2.2%
2000 22,336 2.9%
2010 22,194 −0.6%
Est. 2015 20,919 [6] −5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 22,336 people, 7,626 households, and 5,666 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,621.0 inhabitants per square mile (625.9/km2). There were 8,471 housing units at an average density of 614.8/sq mi (237.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.21% White, 5.87% African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 26.53% from other races, and 2.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.83% of the population.

There were 7,626 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size is 4.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,551, and the median income for a family was $35,215. Males had a median income of $26,434 versus $19,888 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,791. About 15.0% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Region V office is located in Plainview.[8] The current Region V headquarters opened in 1996 in a former Bank of America building.[9]

Notable people[edit]

  • Brady Black. Randy Rogers Band is a Texas country music group from the state of Texas. The band is composed of Randy Rogers (lead vocals), Geoffrey Hill (guitar), Jon Richardson (bass guitar), Brady Black (fiddle), and Les Lawless (drums).[1] They have recorded four studio albums and two live albums, and have charted seven singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts.
  • James H. Clark, technology entrepreneur and founder of[10]Silicon Graphics,[11] Netscape and other companies.
  • Terry Cook. Bass-Baritone, Terry Lee Cook has appeared with most of the major opera companies and symphony orchestras around the world.
  • Jimmy Dean, singer, actor, and sausage entrepreneur; known for his sketches with Jim Henson's Muppet Rowlf the Dog.
  • Bob Dorough, American bebop and cool jazz pianist, singer, composer, songwriter, arranger, and producer
  • Michael Egnew, Previously played football for Plainview High School, the University of Missouri, and the Pittsburgh Steelers.
  • Marshall Formby, a former county judge for Dickens County and a state senator, practiced law in Plainview and owned a chain of West Texas radio stations.
  • Harry Igo, president of the Plainsman Fertilizer Company, a division of W.R. Grace and Company. On July 26, 1945, Army Air Force Captain Igo and his crew transported parts of the Little Boy atomic bomb in a Douglas C-54 Skymaster cargo plane from Kirtland Air Force Base (Albuquerque, New Mexico) to Hamilton Army Airfield, California. Igo and his crew did not know the contents of their cargo until the National Archives revealed it years later.[12]
  • Jim Landtroop, member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 85, then in Plainview (2011-2013); moved to District 88 in 2012 and unseated by fellow Republican Ken King of Canadian
  • Pete Laney, District Representative 25+ years and Speaker of the House of Texas -10 years
  • Leah Kay Lyle,[13] Miss Texas 1989 and a Top 10 Finalist in the Miss America Pageant. She now lives in the Dallas area.
  • Emily Jones McCoy. Dugout reporter - Texas Rangers. Business woman (www.poshplaymat.com) Previously reporter for NBC affiliate, KCBD, Lubbock, Texas and FSN (Fox Sports Network).
  • Lawrence McCutcheon, running back for the Los Angeles Rams from 1972–1979, the Denver Broncos & Seattle Seahawks in 1980 and the Buffalo Bills in 1981, was born in Plainview and played football for the Plainview Bulldogs.
  • Horse trainer Carl Nafzger, who has won the Kentucky Derby twice, in 1990 with Unbridled and in 2007 with Street Sense, was born in Plainview. He also won the 1990 Breeder's Cup Classic with Unbridled.
  • Gary Painter, (born 1947), sheriff of Midland County who warned in 2014 about ISIS terrorism coming from the Mexican border, graduated in 1965 from Plainview High School but lived in Edmonson.[14]
  • Ray Poage. (born November 14, 1940 in Plainview, Texas) was an American football tight end in the National Football League. He was drafted out of the University of Texas by the Vikings in the 1963 NFL Draft.
  • Lavern Roach, (1925-1950) boxer, who was Ring Magazine's Rookie-of-the-Year in 1947. He died following a fatal blow received in a match on his 25th birthday.
  • Phil Stephenson, member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 85 (now Wharton County); 1964 graduate of Plainview High School
  • Julius Waring Walker, Jr., 8th U.S. Ambassador to Burkina Faso.
  • Jamar Wall, professional football player with the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League

In film[edit]

The 1992 Steve Martin film Leap of Faith filmed part of the movie on location. The downtown water tower still bears the name and mascot of the fictional town in which the movie is set: The Rustwater Bengals.

The Quick Lunch Diner, where several scenes were filmed is now closed, and the site is now home to the Broadway Brew.

In the eighteenth episode of the second season of Vice (TV series) Plainview was featured as a ghost town in a feature called "Deliver Us from Drought".

Education[edit]

The City of Plainview is served by the Plainview Independent School District.

Wayland Baptist University is a four-year university with approximately 1100 students at its main campus in Plainview. South Plains College-Plainview Branch

The Llano Estacado Museum is located in Plainview.

The Bulldog is the mascot for the Plainview High School.

Economy[edit]

On February 11, 2009, the Texas Department of State Health Services ordered the cessation of operations and full recall of all products produced by a Plainview-based peanut processing facility owned by Peanut Corporation of America, following the discovery of "dead rodents, rodent excrement and bird feathers in the plant," and revelations that the plant had operated without state licensure or inspection. The plant had voluntarily suspended operations one day earlier, and was not linked to the salmonella outbreak that had forced the shutdown of other PCA plants.[15][16]

The largest employer was a Cargill beef processing plant, mothballed on February 1, 2013 due to lack of incoming animals from the local area due to the 2010–2012 Southern United States drought. Closure of the plant created a crisis in Plainview as an annual payroll of $15.5 million was lost and many of the 2,300 employees and their families relocated after being laid off.[17]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Plainview, Texas
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Region V Director's Office." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on January 2, 2010.
  9. ^ "REGION FIVE PRISON HEADQUARTERS OPENS." Plainview Daily Herald. July 18, 1996. Retrieved on May 6, 2010. "The new headquarters' home is the former Bank of America building which was owned by the..."
  10. ^ Silicon Graphics
  11. ^ Netscape
  12. ^ "Harry Igo: An Inventory of His Papers, 1934-1994 and undated, at the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library". Texas Archival Resources Online. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.misstexas.org/former_titleholders/1989.htm
  14. ^ "Texas Sheriff: Reports Warn of ISIS Terrorist Cells Coming Across the Border". CBS-TV in Houston, Texas. September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ Dead rodents, excrement in peanut processor lead to recall, CNN, February 12, 2009
  16. ^ Peanut plant suspends operations 02-10-09, Plainview Daily Herald, February 10, 2009
  17. ^ Manny Fernandez (February 27, 2013). "Drought Takes Its Toll on a Texas Business, a Town and Its Families". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2013. We would have preferred to have not had to idle any beef plant, but we cannot process cattle that do not exist 

External links[edit]