Plainwell, Michigan

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Plainwell, Michigan
Plainwell.jpg
Nickname(s): 
The Island City
Location of Plainwell, Michigan
Location of Plainwell, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°26′36″N 85°38′34″W / 42.44333°N 85.64278°W / 42.44333; -85.64278
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyAllegan
Government
 • MayorBrad Keeler
Area
 • Total2.07 sq mi (5.37 km2)
 • Land1.99 sq mi (5.16 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation
728 ft (222 m)
Population
 • Total3,804
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,777
 • Density1,896.08/sq mi (732.05/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
49080
Area code(s)269
FIPS code26-64740[4]
GNIS feature ID0635077[5]
Websitewww.plainwell.org

Plainwell is a city in Allegan County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,804 at the 2010 census.

Plainwell is located on M-89 just east of its junction with US 131. The city of Otsego is about three miles (4.8 km) to the west. The city of Kalamazoo is about ten miles (16 km) to the south, and the city of Grand Rapids is about thirty five miles (56 km) to the north. The Kalamazoo River flows through the center of the city and it is known as "The Island City".[6]

History[edit]

This part of Michigan was settled in the 1830s, after the removal of native people. Allegan County was organized in 1835, and the Plainwell area was settled soon after. It was on a stagecoach route from Kalamazoo to Grand Rapids, and later the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad was constructed along the same route. After the advent of the automobile, U.S. Route 131 was created and run through the town. In the 1960s, an improved 4-lane US-131 was built west of town to connect Kalamazoo and Grand Rapids, with an interchange on M-89 between Plainwell and Otsego. This allowed the town to become a kind of "bedroom community" for Kalamazoo or the southern part of Grand Rapids.

The city is home to a local Tyson Foods meat processing plant that employs 1,300 workers, On April 20 2020 the plant reported 60 cases and 1 death from COVID-19 during the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic.[7]On April 27 2020, 86 employees were reported to have been infected with COVID-19. The plant remains open with safety precautions established such as others wearing face masks and installed plexiglas between people who work shoulder to shoulder.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.06 square miles (5.34 km2), of which 1.98 square miles (5.13 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[9] The nickname Island City has to do with a power canal which diverts a portion of the Kalamazoo River around the downtown area, causing it to be an island.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,035
18801,35631.0%
18901,4144.3%
19001,318−6.8%
19101,49313.3%
19202,04937.2%
19302,27911.2%
19402,4246.4%
19502,76714.2%
19603,12512.9%
19703,1952.2%
19803,75117.4%
19904,0578.2%
20003,933−3.1%
20103,804−3.3%
2019 (est.)3,777[3]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,804 people, 1,561 households, and 966 families living in the city. The population density was 1,921.2 inhabitants per square mile (741.8/km2). There were 1,674 housing units at an average density of 845.5 per square mile (326.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 1.0% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 1,561 households, of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.1% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,933 people, 1,506 households, and 1,018 families living in the city. The population density was 1,897.9 per square mile (733.6/km2). There were 1,593 housing units at an average density of 768.7 per square mile (297.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.77% White, 0.46% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.66% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 1,506 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,590, and the median income for a family was $44,519. Males had a median income of $35,785 versus $26,397 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,982. About 1.4% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

K-12 Students are served by the Plainwell School District. There are two high schools, Plainwell High School, and Renaissance High School. Renaissance is the alternative education high school. There is only one middle school, Plainwell Middle School. The school district has three elementary schools. They are Cooper Elementary, Gilkey Elementary, and Starr Elementary.

Michigan Career and Technical Institute is also located nearby.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Plainwell, Michigan
  6. ^ "City of Plainwell official website". Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  7. ^ Moore, Lindsay (April 21, 2020). "60 coronavirus cases, 1 death at Plainwell meat plant". Mlive.
  8. ^ Boldrey, Ryan (April 27, 2020). "Plainwell meat plant's coronavirus case count rises to 86". Mlive.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°26′24″N 85°38′56″W / 42.44000°N 85.64889°W / 42.44000; -85.64889