Plaistow, New Hampshire

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Plaistow, New Hampshire
Official seal of Plaistow, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 42°50′11″N 71°05′41″W / 42.83639°N 71.09472°W / 42.83639; -71.09472Coordinates: 42°50′11″N 71°05′41″W / 42.83639°N 71.09472°W / 42.83639; -71.09472
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1749
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Steve Ranlett, Chair
John Sherman
Tammy Bergeron
Peter Bracci
Julian Kiszka
 • Town Manager Sean R. Fitzgerald
Area
 • Total 10.7 sq mi (27.6 km2)
 • Land 10.6 sq mi (27.5 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)  0.09%
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,609
 • Density 716/sq mi (276.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03865
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-62500
GNIS feature ID 0873701
Website www.plaistow.com

Plaistow is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 7,609 at the 2010 census.[1] The traditional pronunciation of the town name is /ˈplæst/ PLAS-toh, but the pronunciation /ˈplæst/ PLAS-tow is more common today.

History[edit]

Plaistow Town Hall in late spring

Plaistow was officially established as a town in 1749 after the 1739 resolution of a long-running boundary dispute between the Province of Massachusetts Bay and the Province of New Hampshire.[citation needed] It is the only town outside the United Kingdom with the name Plaistow. In 1776 the western part of Plaistow became a separate town, Atkinson.

The present town hall was built in 1895. Each year, the town celebrates "Old Home Day", with a parade, fireworks, and carnival-type atmosphere on the Town Hall Lawn to celebrate the town's anniversary.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.64 square miles (27.55 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.09%, are water.[1] The highest point in Plaistow is an unnamed summit at 384 feet (117 m) above sea level near the town's northern end.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 521
1800 459 −11.9%
1810 424 −7.6%
1820 492 16.0%
1830 591 20.1%
1840 626 5.9%
1850 748 19.5%
1860 861 15.1%
1870 879 2.1%
1880 1,062 20.8%
1890 1,085 2.2%
1900 1,027 −5.3%
1910 1,173 14.2%
1920 1,368 16.6%
1930 1,366 −0.1%
1940 1,414 3.5%
1950 2,082 47.2%
1960 2,915 40.0%
1970 4,712 61.6%
1980 5,609 19.0%
1990 7,316 30.4%
2000 7,747 5.9%
2010 7,609 −1.8%
Est. 2015 7,605 [2] −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,747 people, 2,871 households, and 2,150 families residing in the town. The population density was 728.8 people per square mile (281.4/km²). There were 2,927 housing units at an average density of 275.4 per square mile (106.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.33% White, 0.21% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 2,871 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $61,707, and the median income for a family was $66,852. Males had a median income of $45,756 versus $31,657 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,255. About 2.1% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Pollard Elementary School, May 2006

Plaistow is home to Timberlane Regional High School (grades 9-12) and Timberlane Regional Middle School (grades 6-8), which serve as middle and high school for the towns of Plaistow, Atkinson, Danville and Sandown. Plaistow is also home to Pollard Elementary School, which serves only Plaistow children from kindergarten to grade 5.

Timberlane Regional High School has had noticeable success in music, theatrical performance, wrestling,and softball.[citation needed] The school offers access to vocational programs at Salem High School and Pinkerton Academy. Timberlane students participating in the program start during the 11th grade and spend two to three periods a day at either Salem or Pinkerton. Upon graduation, the participating students receive an associate's degree along with a high school diploma.

Economy and transportation[edit]

Plaistow's economy is centered along New Hampshire Route 125, a north-south road that connects the town with Haverhill, Massachusetts, to the south and Kingston, Epping, and Rochester, New Hampshire, to the north. Local businesses and numerous large chain stores are located along Route 125, which has become known for problems with heavy traffic during weekday commuting and weekend shopping hours. Route 125 intersects with Interstate 495 in Massachusetts 2 miles (3 km) south of the center of Plaistow. Commuters to Massachusetts are able to use a New Hampshire park and ride facility located on Westville Road, just east of Route 125.

Route 121A runs north to south through the center of Plaistow, as a local route. It crosses NH 125 north of the center of town and rejoins 125 at the south end of town, at the Massachusetts border. NH 121A leads north through Hampstead and Sandown to Chester. New Hampshire Route 108 runs north to south along the eastern edge of Plaistow, just 0.1 miles (0.16 km) west of the Massachusetts border. Route 108 leads north to Newton and Exeter and south to the center of Haverhill.

Pan Am Railways (formerly the Boston and Maine Railroad) operates the main railroad line from Boston to Portland, Maine, which is utilized by Amtrak and by freight trains, running through Plaistow. Passenger stations for the Amtrak Downeaster are available in Haverhill to the south and Exeter to the north. A proposal has been made to extend existing MBTA commuter rail service from Boston through Haverhill into Plaistow, and is being studied.[citation needed]

MVRTA bus 13 runs from the center of Haverhill to just south of the state border, where it stops on Route 125. While the bus does not allow people to get on or off in Plaistow, businesses close to the state border are within walking distance of the bus stop.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]