OF Müller, 1776
(OF Müller, 1773)
Planaria is a genus of planarians in the family Planariidae. It is currently represented by a single species, Planaria torva, which is found in Europe. When an individual is cut into pieces, each piece has the ability to regenerate into a fully formed individual.
Currently the genus Planaria is defined as freshwater triclads with oviducts that unite to form a common oviduct without embracing the bursa copulatrix and with an adenodactyl present in the male atrium. The testes occur along the whole body.
The food of P. torva consists of freshwater gastropods, tubificid worms, and freshwater arthropods, such as isopods of the genus Asellus and chironomid larvae, although it shows a clear preference for snails. In the United Kingdom, P. torva is a successful predator of the invasive New Zealand mud snail (P. jenkinsi).
- Ball, Ian; Reynoldson, T. B. (1981). British Planarians. Platyhelminthes: Tricladida. Keys and notes for the identification of the species (Synopses of the British Fauna). Cambridge University Press. p. 141. doi:10.1002/iroh.19830680211.
- Turbellarian Taxonomic Database: Distribution of Planaria torva. Access on 21 April 2016.
- "Unravelling How Planaria Regenerate". Sedeer el-Showk. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
- Ball, Ian R.; Reynoldson, T. B.; Warwick, T. (2009). "The taxonomy, habitat and distribution of the freshwater triclad Planaria torva (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria) in Britain". Journal of Zoology. 157 (1): 99–123. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1969.tb01691.x. ISSN 0952-8369.
- Reynoldson, T. B.; Sefton, A. D. (1976). "The food of Planaria torva (Müller) (Turbellaria-Tricladida), a laboratory and field study". Freshwater Biology. 6 (4): 383–393. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.1976.tb01623.x. ISSN 0046-5070.
- Reynoldson, T. B.; Piearce, Bronwen (1979). "Predation on snails by three species of triclad and its bearing on the distribution of Planaria torva in Britain". Journal of Zoology. 189 (4): 459–484. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1979.tb03974.x. ISSN 0952-8369.
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