Planchonia careya

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Planchonia careya
Plachonia careya.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Lecythidaceae
Genus: Planchonia
P. careya
Binomial name
Planchonia careya
  • Barringtonia careya F.Muell.
  • Careya australis F.Muell.

Planchonia careya is a tree species in the family Lecythidaceae.[2] Common names include cocky apple, cockatoo apple and billygoat plum.[2] The species should not be confused with Terminalia ferdinandiana, with which it shares some common names. The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia’ records that Indigenous Australians of the Mitchell River area referred to this plant as "Ootcho" while those of the Cloncurry River area referred to it as "Go-onje" and "Gunthamarrah".



Indigenous Australians consumed the raw ripe fruit of this species.[3] The taste is stated to be similar to quince.[4]

Indigenous Australians pulverized the inner bark of this species and added it to small water bodies to act as a fish toxin, allowing fish to be easily collected from the surface of the water.[3] This is known to have been a practice used by Indigenous Australians at Cleveland Bay.[5] The roots of the species were also used as a fish toxin by Indigenous Australians.[4]

Indigenous Australians boiled the inner bark of this species in water and the resulting liquid was used as an antiseptic wash for open cuts and sores.[3]

Indigenous Australians placed the heated leaves of this species over mosquito and sandfly bites to relieve irritation.[3]

Indigenous Australians used the flowers of this species as decorations.[3]


  1. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI).; IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2018). "Planchonia careya". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T136087354A136087729. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T136087354A136087729.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Planchonia careya". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d e Smith, N. M. (1 January 1991). "ETHNOBOTANICAL FIELD NOTES FROM THE NORTHERN TERRITORY, AUSTRALIA". Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. 14 (1): 1–65.
  4. ^ a b Low, T. (1991). Wild Food Plants Of Australia. Australia: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0207169306.
  5. ^ J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.