Letalnica bratov Gorišek
|Letalnica bratov Gorišek|
Letalnica bratov Gorišek in 2016
|Constructor(s)||Janez Gorišek (planning)|
|Opened||6 March 1969 (test)|
21 March 1969 (official)
|Renovated||1979, 1985, 1994,|
2000, 2003, 2005,
|K–point||200 metres (660 ft)|
|Hill size||240 metres (790 ft)|
(unofficial / fall)
|253.5 metres (832 ft)|
(22 March 2018)
|Hill record||252 metres (827 ft)|
(24 March 2019)
|Ski Flying World Championships||1972, 1979, 1985, 1994, 2004, 2010, 2020|
|World Cup||1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999–2003, 2005–2009, 2011–2013, 2015–2019|
Letalnica bratov Gorišek (English: Flying hill of Gorišek brothers) is a ski flying hill and the biggest of eight hills located at the Planica Nordic Centre in Planica, Slovenia. It was built in 1969 and is named after the original constructors and brothers Vlado (also known as Lado) and Janez Gorišek. With a total of 28 world records set it is the world leading ski jump hill in this statistic. The world's steepest zip-line with average incline of 38.33% (20.9°) and maximum incline of 58.7% (30.5°) incline opened at the hill on 19 September 2015.
Yugoslavian ski jumper Miro Oman made the premiere test jump of 135 metres (443 ft) on 6 March 1969. The first ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships were organized on this hill in 1972. After Matti Nykänen set a world record jump of 191 metres (627 ft) at the SFWC 1985, a new rule was instituted by the FIS that no points for jumps over this distance would be awarded in order to prevent world record hunting. On 17 March 1994 Andreas Goldberger touched the snow with his hand at 202 metres (663 ft) for the first ever albeit disqualified over two hundred metre jump. Just a few minutes later Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 metres (666 ft) and officially became the first man in history to jump over two hundred metres. In addition, the first ever jumps over 160 m, 170 m, 180 m, 190 m, 200 m, 210 m, 220 m and 230 m were recorded at the hill. The hill will host the FIS Ski Flying World Championships in 2020.
The hill is also known for annually hosting Red Bull 400 world series event, the steepest 400 metres uphill run in the world, with over 1,000 competitors from around the globe.
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Velikanka bratov Gorišek (original name) was planned, constructed and developed by Slovenian constructors, engineers and brothers, Vlado and Janez Gorišek. At the time, a lead engineer of Planica was a Bloudek's successor Stano Pelan, who proposed to enlarge Bloudkova velikanka; however, they decided for a new hill on another location instead.
At that time, Janez Gorišek was working as an engineer in Libya, where he prepared a plan and profile for a new hill. Construction started in summer of 1967 and was mainly completed in late 1968. During the construction, Janez was still working in Africa, so his older brother Vlado was fully in charge of the construction site. Original construction point was at K153, with inrun 145 metres long and height difference between take-off table and bottom of the hill 127 metres.
On 6 March 1969, the hill was tested for the first time and Miro Oman from Yugoslavia was selected to be the first man to jump. He jumped 135 metres from the second gate and set the first hill record.
The hill was officially opened and hosted a three-day competition called Planica Ski Flying Week from 21 to 23 March 1969. There were 60 competitors from 15 countries with Jiří Raška winning the competition. A total of 90,000 people has gathered in the three days of competition. The world record was improved five times and finally stopped at 165 metres (541 ft), set by Manfred Wolf from East Germany.
In 1984, in the honour of Planica's 50th anniversary, organizing committee decided to modernize the hill. First big renovation works were done in summer and fall of 1984. Soldiers from the Yugoslav Army, volunteers and different working organizations helped at the construction site under the command of Gorišek brothers. 1,500 cubic metres of material was dug out and filled into the landing zone. They also dug out 300 cubic metres of material from inrun. Old wooden inrun tower was replaced with steel and take-off table was pushed back for five metres.
During the 1986–87 season, two World Cup ski flying individual events were organized on the hill for the first time. Polish ski jumper Piotr Fijas set the last parallel style world record on the first day of competition when he jumped 194 metres (636 ft). However, this record was only recognized seven years later at FIS congress in Rio de Janeiro when they cancelled the "191 metres" rule.
At the first round of the training on 17 March 1994, Austrian ski jumper Andreas Goldberger landed at 202 metres (663 ft), making the first ever jump over 200 metres; however, he touched the snow with his hands, and the jump was counted as invalid. Just a few minutes later, Finnish ski jumper Toni Nieminen landed on his feet at 203 metres (666 ft) and officially became the first man in history who jumped over 200 metres.
In the 1999–2000 season, ski flying team event was organized at the hill for the first time in history. Two world records were set by Austrian ski jumpers Thomas Hörl with 224.5 metres (737 ft) and Andreas Goldberger with 225 metres (738 ft). Germany became the first ever team ski flying winner.
In 2010, Planica got new chairlift, judge tower renovated, landing zone widened, profile adjusted, and take-off angle lowered to keep jumpers closer to the ground. All this was needed to fulfill international FIS standards.
In 2015, the hill was completely renovated and opened after one-year break. A new profile was drawn by Janez Gorišek with the help of his son Sebastjan Gorišek, who is also a constructor. The hill's new construction point was at K200 and the hill size at HS 225. The take-off table was moved five metres higher and pushed back for twelve metres compared to the old one.
In 2017, the hill size was changed from HS225 to HS240.
Since 1969, a total of 28 official world records has been set at the hill. The longest jump ever at the hill was set by Gregor Schlierenzauer in March 2018 when he reached 253.5 metres (832 ft), but the jump was invalid due to him touching the hill after landing.
- K-point – 200 m
- hillsize – 240 m
- inrun angle – 35.1°
- inrun length – 133.8 m
- takeoff table height – 2.93 m
- landing zone angle – 30.6° to 35.6°
- takeoff table to bottom height – 135 m
In popular culture
In 1974, the Letalnica bratov Gorišek appeared as the main location in The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner, a German film directed by Werner Herzog which portrayed Swiss ski jumper Walter Steiner who works as a carpenter for his full-time occupation.
In 1997, the landscape painting of the flying hill, drawn by Vinko Bogataj, appeared at the end of the footage on the American ABC's Wide World of Sports show presented by Brent Musburger. Clip shows an interview with Vinko Bogataj about his agony of defeat.
In 2014, an image of the flying hill was portrayed at the American The Queen Latifah Show hosted by Queen Latifah. Image was used in the background at the parody sketch "Norwegian Sven Nordquist, the oldest ski jumper in Sochi".
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