Plasmodium bubalis

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Plasmodium bubalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Protista
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemosporida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium
Species: P. bubalis
Binomial name
Plasmodium bubalis
Sheather, 1919

Plasmodium bubalis is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium (subgenus Vinckeia) which causes malaria in buffalo in India.

Description[edit]

Like other Plasmdium species, P. bubalis infects the red blood cells of its mammalian host. In the red blood cells, the parasite has several stages. The trophozoite stages begin as amoeboid in shape and measuring 1.2 to 1.8 μm. Larger trophozoites appear spherical and can measure up to 5.0 μm. Gametocytes occupy the entire red blood cell, and measure 6 to 8 μm in diameter.[1]

Role in disease[edit]

P. bubalis causes malaria in buffalo. Infected buffalo show fever and decreased appetite, as well as anemia, pale mucous membranes, and reduced rumen motility.[1]

History[edit]

The parasite was first described by Sheather in 1919 in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in India.[2][1] Since then there have been a small number of case reports also describing P. bubalis infections of buffalo.[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sundar N, Balachandran C, Senthilvelan A (2004). "Plasmodium bubalis infection in a buffalo: a case report". J. Vet. Parasitol. 18 (2): 191–192. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Sheather A (1919) J. Confr. Path. Ther. 32, 223
  3. ^ Shinde PN, Maske DK, Samradhni D, Kolte SW, Banubakode SB (2005). "Some observations on bovine malaria associated with developing phases of Plasmodium bubalis in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra". J. Vet. Parasitol. 19 (1): 61–62. Retrieved 1 September 2016.