Vinckeia

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Vinckeia is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium - all of which are parasitic protozoa. The subgenus Vinckeia was created by Cyril Garnham in 1964 to accommodate the mammalian parasites other than those infecting the primates.[1][2]

Plasmodium
Malaria.jpg
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Sar
Superphylum: Alveolata
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemosporida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium

Diagnostic features[edit]

Species in this subgenus infect mammals other than the higher primates. Species infecting lemurs have since been included in this subgenus. This classification may not be correct.[3]

Schizonts: These do not fill the erythrocyte and do not show true stippling. They give rise normally to 8 or fewer merozoites. Schizongony normally takes three days or less.

Merozoites:

Gametocytes: These are spherical

Species in this subgenus[edit]

The following is a list of species in subgenus Vinckeia and their hosts.

Plasmodium achromaticum - the bat (Achromaticatus vesperuginis)
Plasmodium aegyptensis - Egyptian grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus)[4]
Plasmodium anomaluri - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium atheruri - African porcupine (Atherurus africanus), large vesper mouse (Calomys callosus) and Meriones unguiculatus, Anopheles stephensi
Plasmodium berghei - the thicket rat (Grammomys surdaster), Anopheles stephensi
Plasmodium booliati - Malayan giant flying squirrel[5]
Plasmodium bouillize
Plasmodium brodeni - elephant shrews (Petrodomus teradactylus)
Plasmodium bubalis - water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Plasmodium bucki
Plasmodium caprae - domestic goat (Capra hircus)
Plasmodium cephalophi - the antelope (Cephalophus grimmi) and the grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)[6]
Plasmodium cercopitheci
Plasmodium chabaudi - Anopheles stephensi
Plasmodium coulangesi
Plasmodium cyclopsi - the bat (Hipposideros cyclops)[7]
Plasmodium foleyi
Plasmodium girardi
Plasmodium incertae - flying squirrel
Plasmodium inopinatum
Plasmodium joyeuxi
Plasmodium landauae - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium lemuris
Plasmodium melanipherum - Schreibers' bat (Miniopterus schreibersii)
Plasmodium narayani
Plasmodium odocoilei - white tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Plasmodium percygarnhami
Plasmodium pulmophilium - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium sandoshami - the Sunda flying lemur (Galeopterus variegatus)
Plasmodium semnopitheci
Plasmodium traguli - the mouse deer
Plasmodium tyrio - the anteater (Manus pentadactyla)
Plasmodium uilenbergi
Plasmodium vassali
Plasmodium vinckei
Plasmodium voltaicum - the fruit bat (Roussettus smithi)
Plasmodium watteni - Formosan giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista grandis)[8]
Plasmodium yoelii - Anopheles stephensi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garnham P.C. (1964) The subgenera of Plasmodium in mammals. Ann. Soc. belge Med. trop. 44 (2) 267-272
  2. ^ Garnham P.C (1966) Malaria Parasites And Other Haemosporidia. Blackwell, Oxford
  3. ^ Pacheco MA, Battistuzzi FU, Junge RE, Cornejo OE, Williams CV, Landau I, Rabetafika L, Snounou G, Jones-Engel L, Escalante AA (2011) Timing the origin of human malarias: the lemur puzzle. BMC Evol Biol 11(1):299
  4. ^ Abd-el-Aziz GA, Landau I, and Miltgen F. (1975) Description of Plasmodium aegyptensis n. sp., presumed parasite of the Muridae Arvicanthis noloticus in Upper Egypt. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 50(4):419-424.
  5. ^ Sandosham A.A., Yap L.F., Omar I. (1965) A malaria parasite, Plasmodium (Vinckeia) booliati sp. nov., from a Malayan giant flying squirrel. Med. J. Malaya. 20(1):3-7
  6. ^ Keymer IF. (1966) Studies on Plasmodium (Vinckeia) cephalophi of the grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia). Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 60(2):129-138
  7. ^ Landau I, and Chabaud AG (1978) Description of P. cyclopsi n. sp. a parasite of the microchiropteran bat Hipposideros cyclops in Gabon. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 53(3):247-253.
  8. ^ Lien J.C., Cross J.H. (1968) Plasmodium (Vinckeia) watteni sp. n. from the Formosan giant flying squirrel, Petaurista petaurista grandis. J. Parasitol. 54(6):1171-1174