Vinckeia

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Vinckeia
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Sar
(unranked): Alveolata
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemosporida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium
Subgenus: Vinckeia
Species

See text

Vinckeia is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium — all of which are parasitic alveolates. The subgenus Vinckeia was created by Cyril Garnham in 1964 to accommodate the mammalian parasites other than those infecting the primates.[1][2]

Diagnostic features[edit]

Species in this subgenus infect mammals other than the higher primates. Species infecting lemurs have since been included in this subgenus. This classification may not be correct.[3]

Schizonts: These do not fill the erythrocyte and do not show true stippling. They give rise normally to 8 or fewer merozoites. Schizongony normally takes three days or less.

Merozoites:

Gametocytes: These are spherical

Species in this subgenus[edit]

The following is a list of species in subgenus Vinckeia and their hosts.

Plasmodium achromaticum — the bat (Achromaticatus vesperuginis)
Plasmodium aegyptensisEgyptian grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus)[4]
Plasmodium anomaluri — African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium atheruriAfrican porcupine (Atherurus africanus), large vesper mouse (Calomys callosus) and Meriones unguiculatus, Anopheles stephensi
Plasmodium berghei — the thicket rat (Grammomys surdaster), Anopheles stephensi
Plasmodium booliatiMalayan giant flying squirrel[5]
Plasmodium bouillize
Plasmodium brodeni — elephant shrews (Petrodomus teradactylus)
Plasmodium bubaliswater buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Plasmodium bucki
Plasmodium caprae — domestic goat (Capra hircus)
Plasmodium cephalophi — the antelope (Cephalophus grimmi) and the grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)[6]
Plasmodium cercopitheci
Plasmodium chabaudiAnopheles stephensi
Plasmodium coulangesi
Plasmodium cyclopsi — the bat (Hipposideros cyclops)[7]
Plasmodium foleyi
Plasmodium girardi
Plasmodium incertaeflying squirrel
Plasmodium inopinatum
Plasmodium joyeuxi
Plasmodium landauae — African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium lemuris
Plasmodium melanipherum — Schreibers' bat (Miniopterus schreibersii)
Plasmodium narayani
Plasmodium odocoileiwhite tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Plasmodium percygarnhami
Plasmodium pulmophilium — African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
Plasmodium sandoshami — the Sunda flying lemur (Galeopterus variegatus)
Plasmodium semnopitheci
Plasmodium traguli — the mouse deer
Plasmodium tyrio — the pangolin (Manis pentadactyla)
Plasmodium uilenbergi
Plasmodium vassali
Plasmodium vinckei
Plasmodium voltaicum — the fruit bat (Roussettus smithi)
Plasmodium watteniFormosan giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista grandis)[8]
Plasmodium yoeliiAnopheles stephensi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garnham, P.C.C. (1964). "The subgenera of Plasmodium in mammals" (PDF). Ann Soc Belges Med Trop Parasitol Mycol. 44 (2): 267–71. PMID 14237568. 
  2. ^ Garnham, P.C.C. (1966). Malaria parasites and other Haemosporidia. Blackwell Scientific. OCLC 602883318. 
  3. ^ Pacheco MA, Battistuzzi FU, Junge RE, Cornejo OE, Williams CV, Landau I, Rabetafika L, Snounou G, Jones-Engel L, Escalante AA (2011). "Timing the origin of human malarias: the lemur puzzle". BMC Evol. Biol. 11: 299. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-299. PMC 3228831Freely accessible. PMID 21992100. 
  4. ^ Abd-el-Aziz GA, Landau I, Miltgen F (1975). "[Description of Plasmodium aegyptensis n. sp., presumed parasite of the Muridae Arvicanthis noloticus in Upper Egypt]". Ann Parasitol Hum Comp (in French). 50 (4): 419–24. PMID 1211772. 
  5. ^ Sandosham AA, Yap LF, Omar I (1965). "A malaria parasite, Plasmodium (Vinckeia) booliati sp.nov., from a Malayan giant flying squirrel". Med J Malaya. 20 (1): 3–7. PMID 4221411. 
  6. ^ Keymer IF (1966). "Studies on Plasmodium (Vinckeia) cephalophi of the grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)". Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 60 (2): 129–38. doi:10.1080/00034983.1966.11686396. PMID 5962467. 
  7. ^ Landau I, Chabaud AG (1978). "[Description of P. cyclopsi n. sp. a parasite of the microchiropteran bat Hipposideros cyclops in Gabon]". Ann Parasitol Hum Comp (in French). 53 (3): 247–53. PMID 697287. 
  8. ^ Lien JC, Cross JH (1968). "Plasmodium (Vinckeia) watteni sp. n. from the Formosan giant flying squirrel, Petaurista petaurista grandis". J. Parasitol. 54 (6): 1171–4. JSTOR 3276986. PMID 5757690.