Platanthera ciliaris

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Yellow fringed orchid
Platanthera ciliaris.jpg
Platanthera ciliaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Platanthera
Species: P. ciliaris
Binomial name
Platanthera ciliaris
(L.) Lindl.
Synonyms

Platanthera ciliaris, commonly known as the yellow fringed orchid, yellow-fringed orchid, or orange-fringed orchid, is a large and showy species of orchid. It grows in "acid soil of hillside seepage bogs" in the longleaf pine landscapes of the Gulf Coast.[1] Like many species in these habitats, including flatwoods, it is dependent upon recurring fire to create open conditions.[2] Further north it is found in bogs, but even here it may be dependent upon fire to create open conditions. [3]

It is pollinated by large butterflies, mostly swallowtails.[1]

The species is at risk in some areas from loss of habitat and collecting. For example, it is endangered in Michigan.[3] It has been recorded from extreme southern Ontario, but is now thought to be extirpated.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Liggio, J. and Liggio, A.O. 1999. Wild Orchids of Texas. University of Texas Press, Austin. 228 p.
  2. ^ Keddy, Paul A. (2008). Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana's Natural Heritage. Philadelphia: Xlibris. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-4363-6234-4. 
  3. ^ a b M.R. Penskar and S.R. Crispin. 2004. Special plant abstract for Platanthera ciliaris (yellow fringed-orchid). Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Lansing, MI. 3 pp
  4. ^ Oldham, M.J., and S.R. Brinker. 2009. Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario, Fourth Edition. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Peterborough, Ontario. 188 pp

External links[edit]