Platinum as an investment

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American Platinum Eagle, the official platinum bullion coin of the United States

Platinum as an investment is often compared in financial history to gold and silver, which were both known to be used as money in ancient civilizations. Experts posit that platinum is about 15–20 times scarcer than gold and approximately 60–100 times scarcer than silver, on the basis of annual mine production. Since 2014, platinum prices have fallen lower than gold.[1] Approximately 75% of global platinum is mined in South Africa.[2]


Platinum is relatively scarce even among the precious metals.[3] New mine production totals approximately only five million troy ounces (160 t) a year. In contrast, gold mine production runs approximately 82,000,000 troy ounces (2,600 t) a year, and silver production is approximately 547,000,000 troy ounces (17,000 t).[4] That being so, platinum tends to trade at higher per-unit prices.[citation needed]

Platinum is traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and the London Platinum and Palladium Market. To be saleable on most commodity markets, platinum ingots must be assayed and hallmarked in a manner similar to the way gold and silver are.[5][6]

The price of platinum changes along with its supply and demand; during periods of sustained economic stability and growth, the price of platinum tends to be as much as twice the price of gold; whereas, during periods of economic uncertainty,[7] the price of platinum tends to decrease because of reduced demand, falling below the price of gold, partly due to increased gold prices. Platinum price peaked at US$2,252 per troy ounce in March 2008 driven on production concerns (brought about partly due to power delivery problems to South African mines). It subsequently fell to US$774 per troy ounce ($25/g) in November 2008.[8] As of 21 November 2022, the platinum spot price in New York was $980[9] per ounce, compared to $1,742 per ounce for gold[10] and $20.84 per ounce for silver.[11] Platinum is traded in the spot market with the code "XPT". When settled in United States dollars, the code is "XPTUSD". As the cost of platinum per ounce fell, the cost per ounce for other metals in the platinum group - especially palladium - rose strongly. As of November 2022, palladium sits at around US$1900 per ounce, compared to US$980 for platinum.[12]

Investment vehicles[edit]

Exchange-traded products[edit]

Platinum price 1970-2022
Platinum price 1880–2011
Platinum price 1968–2012

Platinum is traded as an ETF (exchange-traded fund) on the London Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol LSEPHPT and on the New York Stock Exchange as ticker symbols PPLT and PLTM[13] There are also several ETNs (exchange-traded note) available,[14] some of which are inverse to the price of platinum.[citation needed]

Platinum coins and bars[edit]

Platinum bars are available from different foundries in different sizes, like 1 oz, 10 oz, 1 kg. Platinum coins are another way to invest in platinum, although relatively few varieties of platinum coins have been minted, due to its cost and difficulty in working. Since 1997, the United States Mint has been selling American Platinum Eagle coins to investors.[15]

Jewelry as investment[edit]

Jewelry has long been a store of wealth in countries such as India, but this method of holding value to pass on to one's heirs has also seen popularity in Europe as well as the United states beginning in the late 2010's.[16]


Most Swiss banks offer platinum accounts where platinum can be instantly bought or sold just like any foreign currency. Unlike physical platinum, the customer does not own the actual metal but rather has a claim against the bank for a certain quantity of metal.[15]


Another investment option is to create a futures contract where a predetermined time and place is designated to buy or sell the platinum. Unlike options, the transaction is an obligation, and not a right. The New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) and the Tokyo Commodity Exchange (TOCOM) trades in platinum futures with a minimum contract size of 50 troy ounces and 500 grams respectively.[17]


Other ways of investing in platinum include spread betting or contracts for difference on the price of the metal, owning shares in mining companies with substantial platinum assets or exposure, owning traded options in platinum (only available in the US market).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Platinum v/s Gold – Historical Price Comparison Chart". Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  2. ^ a b Louth, Nick (16 December 2011). "How to trade platinum and palladium". Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  3. ^ "Buy Platinum Jewellery at Different Price Range in India". Platinum Evara.
  4. ^ "Futures & Options Trading". Archived from the original on March 2, 2009.
  5. ^ "London/Zurich Good Delivery List".
  6. ^ "Futures & Options Trading – Brands of platinum". NYMEX.
  7. ^ "Platinum versus Gold". The Speculative Invertor. Archived from the original on 2008-10-26.
  8. ^ "Spot Price Charts – Silver Spot Prices,Gold Prices,Platinum Prices,Palladium Prices". Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  9. ^ "Platinum Prices | Platinum Price Chart History | Price of Platinum Today". APMEX. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  10. ^ "Spot Gold Price Per Ounce | Price of Gold Per Ounce". BullionStar. Retrieved 2023-09-11.
  11. ^ GmbH, "Silver PRICE Today | Silver Spot Price Chart | Live Price of Silver per Ounce | Markets Insider". Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  12. ^ "Platinum Price in USD per Troy Ounce for Last Week". Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  13. ^ "ETF Securities to sell Platinum, Palladium shares". Commodity Online. April 27, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  14. ^ "Platinum ETF and ETN list". Platinum ETF. May 15, 2012. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Michael Preiss, Rainer. "The Investment Case For Platinum". Forbes. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  16. ^ P. Saefong, Myra. "3 golden rules for buying jewelry you can wear — and resell at a profit". MarketWatch. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  17. ^ "Platinum Jan '19 (PLF19) Futures Profile -". Retrieved 2018-10-15.

External links[edit]