Platz der Luftbrücke (Berlin U-Bahn)
Platz der Luftbrücke is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U6. It is located under Platz der Luftbrücke and the south end of Mehringdamm on the border between Kreuzberg and Tempelhof, near the former Tempelhof International Airport, and is now named for the square there with its memorial to the victims of the Berlin Airlift.
The station was designed by Alfred Grenander. For topographic reasons, it lies unusually deep underground and the station was therefore constructed with an unusually high vault and long platform. Grenander made exceptionally expressive use of the play of light and shadow in the vaulting and its supports. It is one of only 2 Berlin U-Bahn stations with no central columns, the other being Märkisches Museum. It is tiled in grey with black accents.
There are four entrances, one at the north end on Mehringdamm and three on Platz der Luftbrücke.
The station opened on 14 February 1926 and was then called Kreuzberg (after the hill which gives the district its name; it is on the edge of the district). Two old wall signs with that name, uncovered in renovation, have been preserved under glass. It was the terminus of Line CII (today U6) until the opening of Paradestraße station on 10 September 1927. The latter was originally called Flughafen (Airport). However, in 1937 that station received its current name and the Kreuzberg station was renamed Flughafen. It had a direct connection to Tempelhof Airport, at that time unique in the world; it remained the connection between the airport and the city's public transport system until the airport closed in October 2008.
The platform was extended in 1971, and in 1990 the station was renovated and re-tiled and a new lift was installed.
- Der Tempelhofer Abzweig der Nord-Süd-Bahn, Berliner Untergrundbahn.de (in German)
- Aris Fioretos, Berlin über und unter der Erde: Alfred Grenander, die U-Bahn und die Kultur der Metropole, Exhibition catalogue, Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin, Berlin: Nicolaische, 2006, ISBN 978-3-89479-344-9, p. 78 (in German)
- Robert Schwandl, Berlin U-Bahn-Album: alle 192 Untergrund- und Hochbahnhöfe in Farbe, Berlin: MetroPlanet, 2002, ISBN 3-936573-01-8, .
- Map of station and surroundings, Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (in German) (pdf)
- Die Bahnhöfe der U6: Platz der Luftbrücke at Untergrundbahn.de (in German)
- Beginning in 1927 when the connection was at what is now Paradestraße station: Flughäfen in und um Berlin at Stadtplan Berlin.de: "[Der Flughafen Tempelhof] ist der älteste Flughafen Europas und der weltweit erste, der über eine eigene U-Bahnverbindung mit dem Stadtzentrum verbunden wurde. (Bereits 1927)" - "[Tempelhof Airport] is the oldest airport in Europe and the first worldwide to have been connected via its own metro link to the city centre. (Already in 1927)"
- J. Meyer-Kronthaler, Berlins U-Bahnhöfe, Berlin: be.bra, 1996, p. 75.
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