Plauen and the city hall tower in the morning fog
|Subdivisions||5 town boroughs with 38 parts|
|• Lord Mayor||Ralf Oberdorfer (FDP)|
|• Total||102.12 km2 (39.43 sq mi)|
|Elevation||412 m (1,352 ft)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Plauen's slogan is Plauen - echt Spitze.
The town was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1327. Captured from the Archbishop of Magdeburg in 1384 by Lippold von Bredow. It passed to Albertine Saxony in 1466 and to the Electorate of Saxony in 1569. It became part of the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.
In the late 19th century, Plauen became a textile manufacturing center, specializing in lace. Around 1910 Plauen, as a kind of industrial 'boomtown', reached its population peak (1910 census: 121,000, 1912: 128,000).
In the 1930s Plauen earned the distinction of hosting the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria. Plauen's population has shrunk dramatically since World War II (1939: 111,000 inhabitants).
From 1945 on, Plauen belonged to the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, from 1949 to 1990 to the German Democratic Republic. During that time it hosted a large Red Army occupation garrison and in the last years of the East German state the officer school of the border guards ("Grenztruppen der DDR"). The first mass demonstration against the socialistic regime in the GDR began in Plauen at 7 October 1989 and it was the beginning of a series of mass demonstrations in the whole GDR which ultimately led to the unification of Germany in 1990. The exposé Fast Food Nation gives special mention to Plauen as the first town in East Germany following the collapse of the Berlin Wall to have a McDonald's restaurant.
Industry and infrastructure
Plauen (Vogtland) Oberer station is on the Leipzig–Hof line. The section of this line through Plauen is part of the Saxon-Franconian trunk line, connecting Nuremberg, Hof, Plauen, Zwickau, Chemnitz and Dresden. The town also has a station, Plauen (Vogtland) Unterer (lower) station, on the Elster Valley Railway.
- Museum Plauener Spitze
- Galerie e.O. plauen
- Old Town Hall
- Elster Viaduct - second largest brick bridge in the world
- Friedensbrücke - largest stone arch bridge in the world
- Old Elster Viaduct - oldest bridge in Saxony
Education and science
Plauen is home to a University of Applied Sciences, with about 300 students and a DIPLOMA Fachhochschule.
- Heinrich von Plauen (1370–1429), Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
- Eduard Friedrich Poeppig (1798–1868), botanist, zoologist and explorer
- Hermann Vogel (1854–1921), illustrator
- E.O. Plauen (1903–1944), cartoonist
- Werner Hartenstein (1908–1943), war time commander of U-156, notable for the Laconia incident
- Karl Richter (1926–1981), conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
- Hans Otte (1926–2007), composer and pianist
- Aš, Czech Republik, since 1962
- Steyr, Austria, since 1970
- Hof, Germany, since 1987
- Siegen, Germany, since 1990
- Cegléd, Hungary, since 2005
- Pabianice, Poland, since 2006
- Šiauliai, Lithuania, since 2010
Twin cities of Jößnitz (urban district)
- Heilsbronn, Germany
Former twin cities