Panorama of Plav
|• Mayor||Nihad Canović (SD)|
|• Ruling party||SD – DPS – BS – AA|
|• Town and municipality||328 km2 (127 sq mi)|
|• Density||28/km2 (70/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||+382 51|
|ISO 3166-2 code||ME-13|
Plav (Cyrillic: Плав; Albanian: Plavë) is a town in north-eastern Montenegro. It has a population of 3,717 (2011 census). Plav is the centre of Plav Municipality (population of 9,081 following the formation of Gusinje Municipality).
After the Serbian-Venetian nobleman Mariano Bolizza in Cattaro (Kotor), who wrote the Relazione e descrizione del sangiacato di Scutari ("Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari") in 1614 most of Plav was inhabited by Albanians under the command of Sem Zaus (Cem Çaushi) of Podgorica.
The settlement of Plav itself was founded by the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman census organised in 1582-83 registered the Plav nahiyah within the Sanjak of Scutari with 18 villages; according to historian Milan Vasić all inhabitants had personal names with a Slavic character, and no Muslims were present.
According to a 16th-century travel record by Antonio Bruni, the inhabitants of the Plav region are partly Albanian and partly Serbian, with a large proportion belonging to historical Albanian and Montenegrin tribes such as the Piperi, Kuči, Kelmendi, and Bjelopavlići.
In 1878, following the Treaty of Berlin, the city of Plav was ceded to Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire despite having an Albanian Muslim-majority population and Bosniak Muslim-minority population. However, armed resistance of the League of Prizren and their victory against Montenegrin troops at Battle of Novšiće (1879) prevented the implementation. Ottomans had to cede Ulcinj to Montenegro after pressure from the Great Powers in 1881. Plav finally became part of Montenegro after the First Balkan War in 1912.
In 1939, the population of Plav was estimated to have been predominantly Bosniak, while that of Gusinje predominantly Albanian and bilingual. The notable families of Plav at this time were the Medunjani, Šeović, Luković, and Šabović–Ferović.
In the area of the Plav municipality there are 13 sports clubs and societies that are actively engaged in sports and competitions. Some are in the First Montenegrin league and some in the Second Montenegrin league.
- Football Club Jezero
- Football Club Gusinje
- Football Club Polimlje
- Handball Club Plav
- Chess Club Jezero
- Karate Club Jezero
- Kayak Club Plavsko Jezero
- Sport Fishing Society Plavsko Jezero
- Mountaineering Skiing Society Kofiljaca
- Skiing-mountain Society Karanfil
- Mountaineering Society Visitor
- Hunting Society Rocks Plav
- Hunting Sports Society May carnation
- Basketball Club Balkanski Ris
Plav is administrative centre of Plav Municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 9,081, mostly Bosniaks. The town of Plav itself has 3,717 citizens. Plav is almost entirely Muslim and either Slavic-speaking or Albanian-speaking. The Slavic dialect of Gusinje and Plav shows very high structural influence from Albanian. Its uniqueness in terms of language contact between Albanian and Slavic is explained by the fact that most Slavic-speakers in today's Plav are of Albanian origin.
As of 2011:
- Bosniaks – 2,806 (75,50%)
- Albanians – 341 (9,17%)
- Montenegrins – 182 (4,90%)
- Muslims – 175 (4,71%)
- Serbs – 165 (4,44%)
- Other – 48 (1,29%)
- 1981 - 3,348
- 1991 - 4,073
- 2003 - 3,165
- 2011 - 3,717
- Jakup Ferri, Albanian rebel
- Esad Mekuli, Albanian poet and scholar.
- Miodrag Džudović, footballer
- Mirsad Huseinovic, footballer
- Mersim Beskovic, footballer
- Ekrem Jevrić, singer
- Jashar Rexhepagiq, pedagogue and member of the Academy of Sciences of Kosovo
- Radovan Zogović, writer
- Contributions onomatologiques. 18. Akademija. 2005. p. 8.
- ALEKSANDAR LOMA (2013). LA TOPONYMIE DE LA CHARTE DE FONDATION DE BANJSKA: Vers la conception d'un dictionnaire des noms de lieux de la Serbie medievale et une meilleure connaissance des structures onomastiques du slave commun. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 170. ISBN 978-86-7025-621-7.
- Bolizza, Mariano (2003), Relations and Description of the Sanjak of Scutari, ISBN 9783447047838
- Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
- Malcolm, Noel (2020-07-10). Rebels, Believers, Survivors: Studies in the History of the Albanians. Oxford University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-19-259923-0.
- Brastvo. 30. Društvo sv. Save. 1939. p. 121.
- Matthew C., Curtis (2012). Slavic-Albanian Language Contact, Convergence, and Coexistence. The Ohio State University. p. 140.
- Zvanični rezultati popisa na web stranici Zavoda za statistiku Crne Gore
- Gornje Polimlje: priroda, stanovništvo i naselja. Geografski institut Filozofskog fakulteta. 2005. ISBN 978-86-7794-000-3.
- Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti (1985). Posebna izdanja. 566–567. p. 110.
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